Hardiness: USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 °C (-30 °F) USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 °C (-25 °F) USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 °C (-20 °F) USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 °C (-15 °F) USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 °C (-10 °F) USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 °C (-5 °F) USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 °C (0 °F) USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 °C (5 °F) USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 °C (10 °F) USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 °C (15 °F) USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 °C (20 °F) USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 °C (25 °F)
Sun Exposure: Sun to Partial Shade
Bloom Color: Red Brown/Bronze
Bloom Time: Late Winter/Early Spring Mid Spring
Other details: Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
Soil pH requirements: 6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic) 6.6 to 7.5 (neutral) 7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)
Patent Information: Non-patented
Propagation Methods: By dividing the rootball From semi-hardwood cuttings From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse
Seed Collecting: Allow unblemished fruit to ripen; clean and dry seeds
On Apr 22, 2012, plant_it from Valparaiso, IN wrote:
Native from New England down through Florida. Excellent for attracting wildlife to your property. The nuts of American hazelnut, which have a higher nutritional value than acorns and beechnuts, also are eaten by squirrels, foxes, deer, northern bobwhite, ruffed grouse, turkey, woodpeckers and pheasants. The leaves, twigs, and catkins are browsed by rabbits, deer, and moose. The male catkins are a winter food for turkey and ruffed grouse. The dense, low growth habit provides cover and nesting sites for many wildlife species.
Large male catkins add interest in the Spring. Late summer nuts. Beautiful copper-red fall color.
Medium to large shrub that under some conditions can take the form of a small tree. Prefers full sun for best growth and development. Though it can grow and persist in partial shade, plant density and fruit production are greatly reduced.
Low maintenance. Can use as a hedge. Prune anytime.
"Monoecious (separate male and female flowers on the same plant). In spring, male flowers appear in showy, 2-3" long, yellowish brown catkins and female flowers appear in small, reddish, inconspicuous catkins. Female flowers give way to small, egg-shaped, 1/2" long, edible nuts (maturing July-August) which are encased in leafy, husk-like, ragged-edged bracts." http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/gardens-gardening/you...
On May 10, 2010, Yooper1 from Atlantic Mine, MI wrote:
Grows wild up here. The only reason I haven't planted any into my yard is because the ones I've seen in the wild rarely have a ripe nut on them, thanks to the squirrels and chipmunks, so it would be pointless for me.
This shrub grows quite happily in Zone 3a/b and is often found growing wild in river flood plains. Can be increased from suckers. Somewhat slow to establish in cultivation but eventually makes a large nicely shaped bush. Blue Jays compete with squirrels for the nuts, quite entertaining.
On Aug 31, 2001, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:
Easily grown in average, medium wet, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Prompt removal of root suckers will help maintain plant appearance, and, if desired, help prevent thicket formation.
This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:
Huntington, Arkansas Magnet Cove, Arkansas Morrilton, Arkansas Keystone Heights, Florida Welaka, Florida Homecroft, Indiana South Haven, Indiana Georgetown, Kentucky Louisville, Kentucky Atlantic Mine, Michigan Grand Rapids, Michigan Grosse Ile, Michigan Minneapolis, Minnesota Woodland, Minnesota Cole Camp, Missouri Piedmont, Missouri Finley Point, Montana Helena, Montana Fremont, Ohio Jamestown, Ohio Saint Paris, Ohio Island City, Oregon Christiana, Tennessee Brookshire, Texas Walkerton, Virginia Kalama, Washington Olympia, Washington Falling Waters, West Virginia Rosedale, West Virginia