Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Indigo Bush, False Indigo, Bastard Indigo, River Locust
Amorpha fruticosa

Family: Papilionaceae (pa-pil-ee-uh-NAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Amorpha (a-MOR-fa) (Info)
Species: fruticosa (froo-tih-KOH-suh) (Info)

6 vendors have this plant for sale.

20 members have or want this plant for trade.


10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)

12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)

USDA Zone 2a: to -45.5 C (-50 F)
USDA Zone 2b: to -42.7 C (-45 F)
USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)
USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)
USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Sun Exposure:
Sun to Partial Shade

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:

Bloom Time:
Mid Summer


Other details:
Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping

Soil pH requirements:
Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall
From seed; direct sow after last frost
From seed; germinate in a damp paper towel

Seed Collecting:
Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

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There are a total of 13 photos.
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6 positives
3 neutrals
1 negative

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive OMcGehee On Mar 1, 2015, OMcGehee from Palmyra, VA wrote:

Here in Virginia, the Virginia Quail Recovery Initiative recommends Indigo Bush as one good species to include when you are planting thickets to improve quail habitat. It is considered good brushy escape cover (to escape from hawks and eagles) and it produces seeds that are nutritious for quail. I have planted a lot of bare root seedlings and had a good survival rate through the first year. I am planting thickets that have about 1,500 square feet of Indigo Bush seedlings and about the same area in wild American plum seedlings. I plant the thickets close to thinned timberland, old fields or other early successional habitat. They say that when planning Indigo Bush shrubs for quail, early pruning is helpful to make the plant spread. It is native to my part of Virginia and a state ecologist said he has never seen it behave aggressively here in Va. In fact, it is native to banks of the the Upper James River and yet, he has never seen it on the lower James River. Knowing that it is invasive on rivers farther north makes me cautious, so I have not planted any close to streams.

Negative coriaceous On Feb 21, 2014, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

Banned as a noxious weed or invasive in two states.

This forms monocultures on shoreline sites, where seeds are spread by water. The Charles River in Boston is lined with it, where it's defeated all attempts to control it.

Positive GardenDolly On Jul 14, 2013, GardenDolly from Orange City, FL wrote:

I have had a False Indigo bush in my front yard (zone 9B) for five years or more. It grows readily in plain, Florida sand, blooms reliably, and attracts several varieties of butterflies. I have been rewarded with crowds of little Gray hairstreaks, for which it is a host plant. What a joy! I have only good things to say about this delightful plant. Plant Dolly in Orange City FL

Positive Jolanda40 On Jul 7, 2013, Jolanda40 from Amsterdam
Netherlands wrote:

Im my zone 8 garden in Holland this is a nice shrub (1,5 meter, 3 years after sowing). Leaves late to emerge, but the foliage is very nice and the flowers are small but stand out. Dark purple with orange tips. Never seen a catterpillar here on it, but bees drown in it. Gave some seedlings to friends for container-gardening and those are doing well too. (although staying smaller) Not my intention to create an invasion of this in the Netherlands ;-) it seems to behave well here.

Positive kbschmida On Jul 12, 2012, kbschmida from Tallahassee, FL wrote:

I grew plants in Tallahassee, FL from seed collected near the Chipola river in Marianna (Jackson County) FL. They are slow-growing, but have very attractive form, and the flowers are of a dark purple color you rarely see. This is one of the few natives I have grown from seed that really works well as an ornamental. Mine are full of Silver-Spotted Skipper caterpillars, which make shelters from the leaflets, and come out at night to feed.

Neutral grrrlgeek On Feb 17, 2009, grrrlgeek from Grayslake, IL (Zone 5a) wrote:

Class B noxious weed in Washington, banned in Connecticut

Positive debnes_dfw_tx On Apr 8, 2008, debnes_dfw_tx from Fort Worth, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

A good DG friend gave me one of these plants last year and I loved it so much I bought several more. I knew they were a host plant for Southern Dogface and Silver-spotted Skipper butterflies. Happily, I was able to raise a brood of the Skippers. Hopefully will get the Dogface this year.
The blooms are beginning to emerge now in early April and they are so amazing to watch developing! I get the name of them now A-MORPH-a... fruiticosa. Just as fascinating as the butterflies they support.

Neutral frostweed On Nov 22, 2006, frostweed from Josephine, Arlington, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

Indigo Bush, False Indigo, Bastard Indigo, River Locust Amorpha fruticosa is native to Texas and other States.

Positive JaxFlaGardener On Jun 24, 2005, JaxFlaGardener from Jacksonville, FL (Zone 8b) wrote:

I grew these trees from seeds that a friend gave me. They germinated easily, but have been fairly slow growing. I have some of the trees in sun and some in shade. Those in sun are tallest, but still only about 6 ft tall after about 3 years of growth. I prune them regularly to keep them into a compact shape. They have a nice, light, "feathery" leaf structure, somewhat similar to a Mimosa or Cassia in leaf shape and position. The flowers are similar to Bottle Brush (Callistemon) flowers, but greatly reduced in size. The color combination of the flowers, very dark purple with a pin head sized tip of nearly fluorescent orange, is very striking!

Neutral mystic On Sep 2, 2001, mystic from Ewing, KY (Zone 6a) wrote:

This is a shrub that can grow as tall as 20 feet in height and its width is typically twice its height.Usually in urban conditions stays around 10 to 12 feet.The branches are firm and woody and the twigs are green and hairy.The leaves have 13 to 25 leaflets each.The leaflets are 1 to 2 inches long,resinous,dotted and hairy and are medium green. The fragrant,deep purple spikes with orange center flowers bloom June through July.The fruit is about 1/4 inch long, green and turns to brown,and contains 2 seeds each.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Auburn, Alabama
Opelika, Alabama
Huntington, Arkansas
Delta, Colorado
Crawfordville, Florida
Fernandina Beach, Florida
Fort Lauderdale, Florida
Jacksonville, Florida
Lake City, Florida
Lutz, Florida
Orange City, Florida
Spring Hill, Florida
Tallahassee, Florida
Hull, Georgia
Calvert City, Kentucky
Prospect, Kentucky
Buckfield, Maine
Belton, Missouri
Lincoln, Nebraska
Buffalo, New York
Staten Island, New York
Marshall, North Carolina
Raleigh, North Carolina
Bowling Green, Ohio
Glouster, Ohio
Alvord, Texas
Arlington, Texas
Austin, Texas
Belton, Texas
Cibolo, Texas
Fort Worth, Texas (3 reports)
Garland, Texas
Mc Kinney, Texas
New Caney, Texas
Leesburg, Virginia

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