Scotch Heath, Winter Heath
Erica carnea

Family: Ericaceae (er-ek-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Erica (ER-ee-kuh) (Info)
Species: carnea (KAR-nee-uh) (Info)

Category:

Shrubs

Height:

6-12 in. (15-30 cm)

Spacing:

12-15 in. (30-38 cm)

Hardiness:

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Danger:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:

Pale Pink

Pink

Rose/Mauve

Magenta (Pink-Purple)

Fuchsia (Red-Purple)

Red

Scarlet (Dark Red)

Pale Yellow

Bright Yellow

Violet/Lavender

White/Near White

Bloom Time:

Late Winter/Early Spring

Mid Spring

Late Fall/Early Winter

Mid Winter

Foliage:

Grown for foliage

Evergreen

Other details:

Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:

Non-patented

Propagation Methods:

From seed; direct sow after last frost

By simple layering

By serpentine layering

By stooling or mound layering

Seed Collecting:

Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

Regional

This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Riverdale, Maryland

Piscataway, New Jersey

Syosset, New York

Greensboro, North Carolina

Philomath, Oregon

Wynnewood, Pennsylvania

Stephens City, Virginia

Kirkland, Washington

show all

Gardeners' Notes:

1
positive
2
neutrals
0
negatives
RatingContent
Positive

On Dec 7, 2005, LynnCanGrowIt from Shenandoah Valley, VA (Zone 6b) wrote:

The species, Erica carnea, grows as a prostrate shrubby perennial that blooms in the winter here in the northern border of Zone 7a. This Heath is relatively care-free and grows in a sprawling manner, sending aerial roots as it grows outward. Since this Heath is quite low to the ground, it will air-layer itself. To keep the shrubby plant within a confined area, cut back once a year.

My planting receives abuse from cold northern winds and even tolerates accumulated snowfall, yet the Heath lives on! And the rewards of seeing small pink, nodding blooms in January is my first reminder that my garden lives on.

Neutral

On Aug 2, 2003, Baa wrote:

A small shrub from Western Europe, mainly occuring in the Great British Isles and France.

Has deep green, rolled, almost needle like leaves borne in 3s up the stem. Bears bell shaped, bright reddish purple, pink to pure white, honey scented flowers.

Flowers late June to early September.

Needs a well drained, acid soil in full sun, it's a native of dry, sandy heaths.

Neutral

On Apr 26, 2002, lupinelover from Grove City, OH (Zone 6a) wrote:

Protect from drying winds in winter while blooming. This variety tolerates higher soil alkalinity than other ericas. Foliage color varies with season and variety from green through yellow, orange, pink, red, purple.