Ground Laurel, Mayflower, Trailing Arbutus
Epigaea repens

Family: Ericaceae (er-ek-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Epigaea (ep-uh-JEE-uh) (Info)
Species: repens (REE-penz) (Info)
View this plant in a garden

Category:

Herbs

Perennials

Shrubs

Height:

under 6 in. (15 cm)

Spacing:

3-6 in. (7-15 cm)

Hardiness:

USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)

USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:

Partial to Full Shade

Danger:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:

White/Near White

Bloom Time:

Mid Spring

Late Spring/Early Summer

Foliage:

Evergreen

Other details:

Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings

Soil pH requirements:

4.6 to 5.0 (highly acidic)

5.1 to 5.5 (strongly acidic)

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

Patent Information:

Non-patented

Propagation Methods:

Unknown - Tell us

Seed Collecting:

Unknown - Tell us

Regional

This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Panama City, Florida

Bar Harbor, Maine

Cumberland, Maryland

Halifax, Massachusetts

Saint Helen, Michigan

West Branch, Michigan

Millersburg, Pennsylvania

Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania

Blacksburg, Virginia

show all

Gardeners' Notes:

1
positive
4
neutrals
0
negatives
RatingContent
Neutral

On Feb 20, 2011, BopMcK from Milton, MA wrote:

The New England Wild Flower Society Nasami Farm Nursery has been able to propagate this rare wildflower and offers them for sale in their 2011 perennial list:
http://tinyurl.com/64v58qk
They are native to Massachusetts, where the Nasami Farm Nursery is located, and are the state wildflower. I have not yet tried to grow them, but am looking forward to buying some.

Neutral

On Dec 29, 2006, Camille2 from Bar Harbor, Maine
United States wrote:

This plant is difficult to transplant from the wild. In 2005 I was given a small piece of Epigaea repens, which I planted in peaty soil in a shady spot in my Bar Harbor garden.
I would like very much to find a nursery where I could purchase more plants, possibly in better health than the one given to me.

Neutral

On Dec 11, 2004, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

Difficult to transplant as the roots are tempermental. There is a cultivar that has double flowers, too. It's named "Plena"

Positive

On May 18, 2003, CindyLouhoo wrote:

This plant seems to like acidic soil, grows near pine trees in places that have moss growing in the vicinity. They don't really raise up from the ground but just crawl along it. The flowers are definitely more pink than white, but do shade to white toward the centers. As they age, they seem to get more pale. The fragrance of the flowers is heavenly.
They are supposedly very difficult to grow. These were found at our camp in central Pennsylvania, where they are quite plentiful.

Neutral

On Sep 3, 2001, mystic from Ewing, KY (Zone 6a) wrote:

This is a woody,low growing and evergreen shrub that creeps along the ground. It doesn't get but about 2 inches tall. The stems are hairy.The leaves are alternate,rough and leathery and the underside is hairy. The flowers are very fragrant and pinkish white.The fruit is a five sided,berry like capsule that splits showing tiny seeds in a white pulp.This is one of the earliest spring wildflowers to bloom.Usually found in sandy or rocky woods especially with acid soil.

This name(Mayflower)is said to date back to the Pilgrims, who found it plentiful around Plymouth,Massachusetts,and the first bloom to assure them that their first terrible winter was over. John Greenleaf Whittier wrote a poem,"The Mayflowers," that captures the timeless lure of this wildflower. As the name of the... read more