Adam's Needle, Spoonleaf Yucca, Needle Palm 'Golden Sword'

Yucca filamentosa

Family: Agavaceae (ah-gav-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Yucca (YUK-uh) (Info)
Species: filamentosa (fil-uh-men-TOH-suh) (Info)
Cultivar: Golden Sword



Foliage Color:


Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping

Where to Grow:

Suitable for growing in containers


36-48 in. (90-120 cm)


4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)


USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun


Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:

White/Near White

Bloom Time:

Late Winter/Early Spring

Mid Spring

Late Spring/Early Summer


Grown for foliage




Provides winter interest

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:

Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:

Unknown - Tell us

Seed Collecting:

Unknown - Tell us


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

San Leandro, California

Colorado Springs, Colorado

Brookfield, Connecticut

East Canaan, Connecticut

Troy, Illinois

English, Indiana

Cockeysville, Maryland

Silver Spring, Maryland

Minneapolis, Minnesota

Rochester, New York

Bucyrus, Ohio

Cincinnati, Ohio

Cleveland, Ohio

Lindon, Utah

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Gardeners' Notes:


On May 24, 2011, canadianplant from thunder bay
Canada (Zone 4b) wrote:

I bought this plant, happy to see it being offered in my area. I just planted it in the front of my garden bed, and did nothing really special to it. IT put out a few new leaves in the summer, but nothing spectacular.

I forgot to protect it in the winter ( the fall and spring can be sort of wet here), and didnt have much hope.

This spring, I was elated to find it looking quite undamaged! We had -32C one night here, but lots of snow ( it was completly buried under 3 feet of snow).

It turned out, that the ground had sunk a bit, and it was sitting in a low spot. So when the snow melted, it sat in water all day and froze at night for weeks. It started to loose leaf after leaf, with only the growth spear left.

Now its opening up... read more


On Jan 12, 2008, Chickadee12 from Brookfield, CT (Zone 5b) wrote:

I have fallen in love with this plant ever since I planted it. It adds a wonderful touch to my little rock garden. It also looks great next to my "Hermans Pride" dead nettle. It's the perfect plant to add that exotic highlight to a cold-hardy garden. I look forward to enjoying it for years to come.