Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Tree Peony
Paeonia suffruticosa

Family: Paeoniaceae
Genus: Paeonia (pay-OHN-ee-uh) (Info)
Species: suffruticosa (suf-roo-tee-KO-sa) (Info)

» View all varieties of Peonies

3 vendors have this plant for sale.

14 members have or want this plant for trade.

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6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)

4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

Sun Exposure:
Sun to Partial Shade

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:
Pale Pink
Magenta (Pink-Purple)
Fuchsia (Red-Purple)
Scarlet (Dark Red)
Pale Yellow
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Mid Spring


Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
Flowers are good for cutting

Soil pH requirements:
Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
From seed; sow indoors before last frost
From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:
Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds
Seed does not store well; sow as soon as possible

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There are a total of 33 photos.
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3 positives
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Neutral rjogden On Mar 22, 2011, rjogden from Gainesville, FL (Zone 8b) wrote:

Modern research on a substance from this and Paeonia alba (1,2,3,4,6-Penta-O-Galloyl-β-D-Glucopyranose, abbreviated PGG) has shown significant medicinal effects against prostate cancer, and more recently has been shown to inhibit formation of Staphalococcus aureus biofilm formation. This is apparently significant because these biofilms can form on hospital equipment, are extremely difficult to remove, and can be a source of infection.

Positive bluethroat On May 17, 2007, bluethroat from Quincy, MA wrote:

What a wonder, exotic shrub for my garden. I would encourage everyone to try to grow one of these extremely beautiful plant in their gardens. The shape of the shrub is small, about 4 feet when mature, and the leaves combine with the wood structure to make it a regal and dignified specimen. The flowers...of course, have no rivals in the gardening world. In fact, even the best English tea rose would find it hard to compete with the blooms of the tree peony.....a truly worthy, but still relatively rare plant whose flower is the national flower of China. My favorite plants in my garden, alongside my great magnolias.

Positive greenox On Oct 5, 2004, greenox from New Fairfield, CT (Zone 5a) wrote:

Living in the extreme weather of the Berkshires in CT, winter can be a matter of endurance. The tree peony endures the winter and usually within two years of planting even a small bare root plant, the gardener is rewarded with a bloom that looks like silk. Tree peonies last a lifetime or more. They are not hardy shrubs in the sense of a lilac's tough bark and wood stems, but more delicate. Someone walking over one, could easily destroy decades worth of growth. Ours are put on the pedestal of a raised bed. The deer have never eaten them. They need little care except weeding and proper spacing. They can be expensive, if you don't want to wait there are nurseries who can ship large plants ready to bloom the following year. Japanese tree peonies are usually grafted to a hardy root stock and can revert to that rootstock plant. There are Chinese Tree peonies and American. If you plan on planting from seed or hybridizing your own, then you need plants that are on their own roots. This can be an expensive hobby but you can subsidize it by growing your own for trade or sale.

Positive mwhit On Sep 11, 2003, mwhit from Tiffin, OH (Zone 5a) wrote:

Flowers are exquisite-huge with a silk like texture. Foliage remains presentable throughout the season. Woody plant that adds structure to the garden at the 3-4 ft. height. Not bothered by disease or pests to any great degree.Long-lived-A good investment for the garden.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Anchorage, Alaska
Cazadero, California
Sacramento, California
San Leandro, California
Stamford, Connecticut
Richmond Hill, Georgia
Winnetka, Illinois
Anderson, Indiana
Warren, Indiana
Louisville, Kentucky
Gardiner, Maine
Baltimore, Maryland (2 reports)
Brookline, Massachusetts
Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts
North Billerica, Massachusetts
Quincy, Massachusetts
Minneapolis, Minnesota
Edison, New Jersey
Winston Salem, North Carolina
Columbus, Ohio
Maumee, Ohio
Tiffin, Ohio
West Jefferson, Ohio
Gresham, Oregon
Portland, Oregon
Harrisburg, Pennsylvania
Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania
Columbia, South Carolina
Canton, South Dakota
Culleoka, Tennessee
Garland, Texas
Plano, Texas
Hood, Virginia
Seattle, Washington
Madison, Wisconsin

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