Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Marigold, French Marigold
Tagetes patula

Family: Asteraceae (ass-ter-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Tagetes (TAG-e-teez) (Info)
Species: patula (PAT-yoo-luh) (Info)

38 members have or want this plant for trade.

View this plant in a garden


6-12 in. (15-30 cm)

3-6 in. (7-15 cm)

Not Applicable

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun


Bloom Color:
Scarlet (Dark Red)
Gold (Yellow-Orange)
Bright Yellow

Bloom Time:
Mid Summer
Late Summer/Early Fall
Mid Fall


Other details:
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
Flowers are fragrant
Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
From seed; sow indoors before last frost
From seed; direct sow after last frost
By simple layering

Seed Collecting:
Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds
Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored

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By Chamma
Thumbnail #1 of Tagetes patula by Chamma

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By Dinu
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By DaylilySLP
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By Dinu
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By Monocromatico
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There are a total of 37 photos.
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4 positives
2 neutrals
1 negative

Gardeners' Notes:

Neutral DMgardener On Dec 28, 2008, DMgardener from (Daniel) Mount Orab, OH (Zone 6b) wrote:

I do not usually put a neutral on any plant; but this is one that warrents this action. These plant are WONDERFUL in pretty much any site, as long as they have FULL sun and some moisture. But, in a hot, dry, windy site as on the back of a north-facing garage, they grow to 2-3" high and wide. Then they put out 10-15 flowers and just DRY UP. And their gone in 2 months! But, otherwise, they are very good at: bedding, edging, and as a close subsitite for saffron! (although, Calendula petels are more colorful when dry, they are not as flavorful as Marigolds!)

Positive desert_witch On Mar 11, 2006, desert_witch from Lucerne Valley, CA (Zone 8a) wrote:

I love these bright beauties in both my kitchen garden and landscaping. They seem to thrive wherever I plant them as long as they get enough water! We have temps upward of 100 F for 1-1/2 to 2 months each year, as well as high winds, and these bushy little things are very resiliant! In the garden they grow up to about 18" tall, and are covered with hundreds (it seems) of blooms on a single compact bush.
I had so many both of both African and French Marigolds in my Kitchen garden that went to seed before I could collect them all, I can't wait to see them popping up all over the garden. They keep alot of bugs away, most critters (mice, pack and kangaroo rats, and cottontails) don't like them either, which make them excellent outside the confines of the garden fencing and as "perimeter protection" for individual beds in the garden!

Positive Gindee77 On Jun 23, 2005, Gindee77 from Hampton, IL (Zone 5a) wrote:

I like the way marigolds light up the garden. They always seem to make it through the toughest summer conditions here in zone 5.

Negative darylmitchell On May 16, 2005, darylmitchell from Saskatoon, SK (Zone 3a) wrote:

What a disappointment. Two years in a row I tried to grow these things on my south-facing patio. Both times they wilted within days and were dead in two weeks. They are too delicate for a hot, windy site.

Neutral mrsmitty On Nov 19, 2003, mrsmitty from Jacksonville, FL (Zone 9a) wrote:

These can be purchased in individual colors and make fun patterns of color in a flower garden. I have found that direct sown seeds make plants that get bushier and look healthier than plants bought from garden centers or sown in pots and transplanted. They also can be propigated easily from cuttings.

Positive lupinelover On Jan 27, 2003, lupinelover from Grove City, OH (Zone 6a) wrote:

Besides being pretty and fragrant, marigolds are wonderfully useful plants. They repel nematodes and bean beetles, giving them double duty in the vegetable garden.

Named varieties probably will not come true from seed; tetraploid marigolds do not set viable seed, so care must be taken to ensure the parent plant is actually making seeds, not just spent flowers.

Positive Terry On Mar 10, 2001, Terry from Murfreesboro, TN (Zone 7a) wrote:

Double or single flowers range in color from yellow to rich maroon. This garden staple is easily grown in ordinary well-drained soil. Keep flowers picked to encourage new flowers and bushy shape.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Seward, Alaska
Fort Thomas, Arizona
Phoenix, Arizona
Lucerne Valley, California
Ellendale, Delaware
Bartow, Florida
Jacksonville, Florida
Keystone Heights, Florida
Kissimmee, Florida
West Palm Beach, Florida
Gainesville, Georgia
Valdosta, Georgia
Hampton, Illinois
Prospect, Kentucky
New Iberia, Louisiana
Saint Francisville, Louisiana
Cumberland, Maryland
Fort George G Meade, Maryland
Gwynn Oak, Maryland
Dearborn Heights, Michigan
Troy, New York
Greensboro, North Carolina
Carrollton, Ohio
Mount Orab, Ohio
Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
Austin, Texas
Brazoria, Texas
Brownsville, Texas
Deer Park, Texas
Delavan, Wisconsin

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