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Everlasting, Immortelle

Xeranthemum annuum

Family: Asteraceae (ass-ter-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Xeranthemum (zer-AN-the-mum) (Info)
Species: annuum (AN-yoo-um) (Info)



Foliage Color:


Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


12-18 in. (30-45 cm)


15-18 in. (38-45 cm)


Not Applicable

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun


Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:


White/Near White

Bloom Time:

Mid Summer

Late Summer/Early Fall


Unknown - Tell us

Other details:

May be a noxious weed or invasive

Soil pH requirements:

Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From seed; sow indoors before last frost

From seed; direct sow after last frost

Self-sows freely; deadhead if you do not want volunteer seedlings next season

Seed Collecting:

Unknown - Tell us


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Seaside, California

Kapolei, Hawaii

Averill Park, New York

North Augusta, South Carolina

Brandon, South Dakota

Kalama, Washington

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Dec 1, 2009, grovespirit from Sunset Valley, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

I planted these seeds because I was interested in growing a vibrant pink flower which can handle xeric conditions. Apparently, there are several different varieties of this plant, and if using saved seeds one cannot be sure what results one will get.

Unluckily I discovered Xeranthemum annuum varies a lot in flower size, plant height, and flower color, depending on the seed source.
The ones I grew were from saved seed (not commercially purchased). The resulting plants looked very little like the ones shown in these PlantFiles photos. About the only thing that turned out as I expected was the foliage color.

These were slow growing, for an annual. They took nearly 7 months of growth before they were able to bloom. The plants were... read more


On Mar 10, 2001, Terry from Murfreesboro, TN (Zone 7a) wrote:

Found wild in southern Europe. The oblong, silvery leaves grow up to 2 inches long. The dry, papery flowers are shiny and may be single or double. They grow up to 2 inches across and may be white, rose, or pink. The flowers may be used for drying. They should be cut when the buds begin to open. If they are left to dry on the plant, they turn tan or light brown.

Plant in average, well-drained garden soil. Drought-tolerant; provide adequate water, but do not over-water.