Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Butterfly Pea Vine, Atlantic Pigeonwings
Clitoria mariana

Family: Papilionaceae (pa-pil-ee-uh-NAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Clitoria (klih-TOH-ree-uh) (Info)
Species: mariana (mar-ee-AH-nuh) (Info)

Synonym:Martiusia mariana

One vendor has this plant for sale.

14 members have or want this plant for trade.

Vines and Climbers

36-48 in. (90-120 cm)

24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:
Sun to Partial Shade

All parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:

Bloom Time:
Late Spring/Early Summer
Mid Summer
Late Summer/Early Fall
Mid Fall


Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
From seed; germinate in a damp paper towel

Seed Collecting:
Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds

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There are a total of 9 photos.
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5 positives
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive sladeofsky On Jan 23, 2015, sladeofsky from Louisville, KY (Zone 6b) wrote:

What kind of Butterfly Pea do you have? Info from
Clitoria Mariana is known by some as Butterfly Pea, and Centrosema virginianum as Spurred Butterfly Pea. The 2 Native American flowering vines are easily confused. A spur is found at the base of the petals of Centrosema. Another key characteristic that can help is the relative length of the corolla tube. Clitoria mariana has a long visible corolla tube usually as long or longer than the keel and wing petals. Centrosema virginianum, on the other hand, has a short corolla tube that is generally invisible as you look at the frontside of the blossom.

Positive jbeau47 On Oct 14, 2014, jbeau47 from VERO BEACH, FL wrote:

I love this vine - it is one of the true blues in my garden and grows easily from seed. I don't know what variety I have as I got seeds from a friend's vine.

Positive jameso On Jul 20, 2013, jameso from Longview, TX wrote:

I've seen this plant act as host to two kinds of skipper butterflies

Neutral sarahboom On Dec 30, 2011, sarahboom from Halesite, NY wrote:

I am looking for the seeds for clitoria mariana. My sister Mariana is dying and I want to plant them for my parents.

Positive QueenB On Aug 23, 2006, QueenB from Shepherd, TX (Zone 8b) wrote:

This dainty little vine can be found growin wild in our area, where it quickly travels up fences and taller weeds. You can see them plainly in the morning blooming with wild morning glories. I have one that has shown up on my garden fence after everything else is spent. They seem to show up more in the late summer.

Positive tcfromky On Aug 1, 2005, tcfromky from Mercer, PA (Zone 5a) wrote:

Grown as an annual in zone 5.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

, (2 reports)
Rancho Calaveras, California
Daytona Beach, Florida
Fountain, Florida
Jacksonville, Florida
Lithia, Florida
Panama City Beach, Florida
Vero Beach, Florida
Barnesville, Georgia
Cornelia, Georgia
Townsend, Georgia
Watkinsville, Georgia
White, Georgia
Barbourville, Kentucky
Columbia, Louisiana
Brookeville, Maryland
Biloxi, Mississippi
Sturgis, Mississippi
Piedmont, Missouri
Bessemer City, North Carolina
Raleigh, North Carolina
Eufaula, Oklahoma
Mercer, Pennsylvania
Aiken, South Carolina
Spartanburg, South Carolina
Austin, Texas
Conroe, Texas
Longview, Texas
Lufkin, Texas
San Antonio, Texas
Shepherd, Texas
Leesburg, Virginia

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