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PlantFiles: White Ash
Fraxinus americana

Family: Oleaceae (oh-lee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Fraxinus (FRAK-si-nus) (Info)
Species: americana (a-mer-ih-KAY-na) (Info)

One vendor has this plant for sale.

3 members have or want this plant for trade.


over 40 ft. (12 m)

30-40 ft. (9-12 m)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Mid Spring


Other details:
Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall
From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

Seed Collecting:
Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

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By Jeff_Beck
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By Jeff_Beck
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By Jeff_Beck
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Thumbnail #6 of Fraxinus americana by Jeff_Beck

By melody
Thumbnail #7 of Fraxinus americana by melody

There are a total of 8 photos.
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1 positive
3 neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Neutral Mrs_Ed On Feb 14, 2009, Mrs_Ed from Whiteside County, IL (Zone 5a) wrote:

We have two of these trees that are at least 50 years old and planted by the first owners of this house from our neighbor's family farm. The are great shade trees, but both have developed Ash Yellows. We had them treated and fertilize with 10-10-10 in April and November. To prolong their life, we try to make sure they have good water during dry months.

The downside to this tree is the amount of small seeds late in the year. We also see lots of Ash seed weevils in September. Once we had Ash anthracnose after a wet spring.

Overall, a nice tree though.

Neutral Malus2006 On Mar 2, 2008, Malus2006 from Coon Rapids, MN (Zone 4a) wrote:

This is a very interesting underused species of ash. If you select a cutivar instead of the type, you get interesting fall colors which range from royal purple to orange - red compare to Green Ash which is one of the most common planted ashes by far - in Minnesota 90% of ashes planted are Green Ash with Black ash popping up once in a while and they both have yellow fall colors. Black Ash often comes in from the wild. With the wild white ash, you kind of roll the dice - you can end up with yellow instead of other fall colors. Have significant disease problems which limits its uses.

Positive melody On Jul 8, 2004, melody from Benton, KY (Zone 7a) wrote:

The most valuable and largest native Ash. Uses include Furniture, flooring, interior millwork, tool handles, musical instruments, skis and oars.

This tree can get quite large 70' to 90' and is favored for shade plantings.

Neutral smiln32 On Aug 29, 2002, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

This particular ash is one of the tallest species, reaching as high as 80 ft.

Ash trees are great shade trees.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Rock Falls, Illinois
Indianapolis, Indiana
Benton, Kentucky
Georgetown, Kentucky
Louisville, Kentucky
Lexington, Massachusetts
Minneapolis, Minnesota
Saint Paul, Minnesota
Frenchtown, New Jersey
Fairport, New York
Alice, Texas
San Antonio, Texas
Seattle, Washington

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