Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Golden Alexanders
Zizia aurea

Family: Apiaceae (ay-pee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Zizia (ZIZ-ee-uh) (Info)
Species: aurea (AW-re-uh) (Info)

12 vendors have this plant for sale.

6 members have or want this plant for trade.


12-18 in. (30-45 cm)
18-24 in. (45-60 cm)
24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

12-15 in. (30-38 cm)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:
Sun to Partial Shade

Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:
Bright Yellow

Bloom Time:
Late Spring/Early Summer


Other details:
Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall
From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse
From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

Seed Collecting:
Unknown - Tell us

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By creekwalker
Thumbnail #1 of Zizia aurea by creekwalker

By Malus2006
Thumbnail #2 of Zizia aurea by Malus2006

By creekwalker
Thumbnail #3 of Zizia aurea by creekwalker

By Equilibrium
Thumbnail #4 of Zizia aurea by Equilibrium

By Malus2006
Thumbnail #5 of Zizia aurea by Malus2006

By sweezel
Thumbnail #6 of Zizia aurea by sweezel

By RosemaryA
Thumbnail #7 of Zizia aurea by RosemaryA

There are a total of 12 photos.
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3 positives
No neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive patriciaarln On Jul 8, 2012, patriciaarln from Arlington, VA wrote:

This is my second year with Golden Alexanders growing in clay soil, partly shaded. They've done well. Nice flowers, nice foliage (tall). Flowered in the spring, but now (July) I have new flowers on new growth. Seedheads are attractive.

Positive gsteinbe On Aug 19, 2008, gsteinbe from Trenton, NJ wrote:

Posted in August 2008: I really wanted to grow this, but rabbits and groundhogs have eaten it over and over. I planted bulk seed in a flower bed in sun, and many plants are still alive after all the abuse from the small mammals, but they've never gotten big enough to flower or thrive before being eaten off again.

Updated May 2014: What seemed like one small plant survived and began to prosper. Now an entire corner of the bed is covered in Golden Alexander. Not necessarily invasive, but maybe a bit aggressive? Still I'm glad that it survived and has prospered.

Positive Malus2006 On May 2, 2008, Malus2006 from Coon Rapids, MN (Zone 4a) wrote:

Likes boggy areas and wet areas - will grow in partial shade - can only be found in specialize wildflower nurseries. The reason for this is that it have less (by the avearge person) beauty - it have flowers that look like a yellow Queen Anne Laces but smaller in size. Otherwise this native will add diversity to a open wooded wetland (it doesn't compete well with cattails and other aggressive water plants.)


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Athens, Alabama
Gadsden, Alabama
Minneapolis, Minnesota
Cole Camp, Missouri
Hudson, New Hampshire
Trenton, New Jersey
Ellenville, New York
Pound Ridge, New York
Marshall, North Carolina
Chesterland, Ohio
Garland, Texas
Arlington, Virginia
Leesburg, Virginia
Madison, Wisconsin

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