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PlantFiles: Bloody Cranesbill, Hardy Geranium
Geranium sanguineum

Family: Geraniaceae (jer-ay-nee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Geranium (jer-AY-nee-um) (Info)
Species: sanguineum (san-GWIN-ee-um) (Info)

» View all varieties of Hardy Geraniums

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45 members have or want this plant for trade.

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12-18 in. (30-45 cm)

18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)
USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)
USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Sun to Partial Shade


Bloom Color:
Magenta (Pink-Purple)
Fuchsia (Red-Purple)

Bloom Time:
Mid Summer
Late Summer/Early Fall
Mid Fall


Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
Self-sows freely; deadhead if you do not want volunteer seedlings next season

Soil pH requirements:
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)
From herbaceous stem cuttings
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall
From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse
From seed; stratify if sowing indoors
From seed; sow indoors before last frost

Seed Collecting:
Bag seedheads to capture ripening seed
Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

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6 positives
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive suguy On May 29, 2011, suguy from Simi Valley, CA (Zone 9a) wrote:

This is the easiest Hardy Geranium to grow here in SoCal.

Likes a bit of afternoon shade.
But tolerates all types of soils, from fast-draining to clay.

As many have noted its Spring bloom is the most prolific.
The Fall and Winter foliage color, however, is very appealing.

In a favorable, protected spot its leaves get enormous and lush.

Positive gardennut10 On Sep 26, 2009, gardennut10 from Bellevue, WA wrote:

One of my favorite plants, in zone 7-8, it is very self-sufficient. I only water during the worst of summer heat. Blooms early summer, has a nice mounded growth habit. Has tolerated being overrun, first by Blue Star Creeper and another time by Vinca Minor. Volunteers are easy to transplant. Color is intense.

Positive KaylyRed On May 20, 2008, KaylyRed from Watertown, WI (Zone 5a) wrote:

Cranesbill is always welcome in my garden. I've had them in various gardens and all have seemed to survive even the toughest conditions. The ones I'm tending now in good conditions are thriving. They bloom profusely and give a nice display just after the daffodils and tulips of early spring fade. Not only are they long-blooming but they continue to rebloom sporadically throughout the summer and into the fall. The first bloom is the best, but any rebloom is, of course, welcome!

Although I don't believe deadheading promotes rebloom, I tend to groom my cranesbill a bit from time to time to keep it tidy and compact. Cranesbill also gives my garden a flush of fall color when its foliage turns a deep ruby red.

Positive kooger On May 24, 2004, kooger from Oostburg, WI (Zone 5b) wrote:

Nice clump, can get a little scraggley in late summer so it gets trimmed then.

Positive pfluggy On Jul 25, 2003, pfluggy from Rosemount, MN (Zone 4a) wrote:

We enjoy this perennial alot as the folliage is springy and is good ground cover. It repeated blooms throughout the growing season,(more dense blooms in the spring). The blooms are almost iradescent.

Positive bmuller On Dec 16, 2002, bmuller from Albuquerque, NM (Zone 7a) wrote:

I have a couple of blooms on this one in December--much to my surprise--in Zone 7. I've had the plants (grown from seed) for three or four years and have enjoyed watching them grow in partial shade among tree roots. Interestingly,
some of the plants are now quite red, while others (including the one with blooms)are a strong, dark green.

Neutral Terry On Mar 13, 2001, Terry from Murfreesboro, TN (Zone 7a) wrote:

Profusely blooming during early to mid-summer. Flowers are cup-shaped, red/purple with dark veins - measuring 1-2 inches across. The long, slender beak-like fruit gives Cranesbill geranium its common name. Plant in well-drained soil and provide afternoon shade, especially in hottest climates.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Hanceville, Alabama
Calistoga, California
Simi Valley, California
Colorado Springs, Colorado
Littleton, Colorado
Parker, Colorado
Voluntown, Connecticut
Barnesville, Georgia
Joliet, Illinois
Mount Prospect, Illinois
Mt Zion, Illinois
Carmel, Indiana
Inwood, Iowa
Iowa City, Iowa
Smiths Grove, Kentucky
Amesbury, Massachusetts
Billerica, Massachusetts
Wayland, Massachusetts
Woburn, Massachusetts
Ann Arbor, Michigan
Coopersville, Michigan
Garden City, Michigan
Buffalo, Minnesota
Hopkins, Minnesota
Rosemount, Minnesota
Morristown, New Jersey
Roswell, New Mexico
Ballston Lake, New York
Cicero, New York
Endicott, New York
Himrod, New York
Webster, New York
West Islip, New York
Elizabeth City, North Carolina
Bucyrus, Ohio
Cincinnati, Ohio
Findlay, Ohio
Hamilton, Ohio
Powell, Ohio
Hulbert, Oklahoma
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma (2 reports)
Bend, Oregon
Warwick, Rhode Island
Austin, Texas
Coppell, Texas
Ogden, Utah
Salt Lake City, Utah
West Dummerston, Vermont
Alexandria, Virginia
Bellevue, Washington
Kalama, Washington
Olympia, Washington
Spokane, Washington
Vancouver, Washington
Saint Albans, West Virginia
Ellsworth, Wisconsin
Lake Geneva, Wisconsin
Watertown, Wisconsin

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