Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Coffee
Coffea arabica

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Family: Rubiaceae
Genus: Coffea (KOFF-ee-uh) (Info)
Species: arabica (a-RAB-ih-kuh) (Info)

8 vendors have this plant for sale.

66 members have or want this plant for trade.

Category:
Tropicals and Tender Perennials

Height:
12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)

Spacing:
8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)

Hardiness:
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)
USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:
Light Shade

Danger:
N/A

Bloom Color:
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Mid Spring

Foliage:
Grown for foliage
Evergreen
Smooth-Textured

Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
This plant is suitable for growing indoors

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

Patent Information:
Non-patented

Propagation Methods:
From seed; sow indoors before last frost

Seed Collecting:
Remove fleshy coating on seeds before storing

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There are a total of 29 photos.
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Profile:

13 positives
3 neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

RatingAuthorContent
Positive RosemaryK On Apr 11, 2013, RosemaryK from Lexington, MA (Zone 6a) wrote:

I had one that grew indoors in a pot, under a skylight, to about 3 feet tall. I loved the shiny green leaves. Unfortunately, every single person coming into my house felt they were obligated to handle the leaves. Once my toddler children became old enough to reach it, they couldn't stop constantly handling it either, and it died after the leaves developed brown fingerprinted marks. Needless to say, they are grown up, so I am starting again. This time I am setting the baby on a humidity tray, which seems to reduce the need to water it quite so often.

Positive BayAreaTropics On Aug 24, 2012, BayAreaTropics from Hayward, CA wrote:

After tries spread over decades using potted plants kept outdoors in winter...I found that in ground planted Coffee are much hardier to cold. Even good sized potted Coffee plants would not survive a SF bay area winter,seedling's dead by December. Well,when you plant them in part shade,in ground (no pun intended) they have taken a normal winter with a couple of early morning sharp 30f frosts. They are not fast growers outdoors..indoors where I usually have tried them they were fast.
Right now not much to advise..shade,constant water and if possible some kind of frost protection-over hanging tree's like mine or the like.

Positive SaskieJimmy On Mar 31, 2009, SaskieJimmy from Saskatoon
Canada wrote:

A lovely plant that initiated me into exotic gardening. First purchased the plant to spruce up my first university apartment and have now had it for 13 years. Must have had some luck as it produces flowers and beans annually for 6 years, despite growing indoors at a high latitude (Canada) and in a dry, forced-air house. Beans are viable (just started growing some 2nd gen. ), and I'm still refining my roasting technique - apparently I should have known to remove the fleshy inner shell from core bean before roasting!

Needs to be transplanted regularly, feed fertilizer whenever you think of it and takes 1 gallon of rain water or snow water approx. every 3-4 days (more in Spring). It slows down in Fall and I remind many beginners with it to be loving and patient in December when it looks bleak. I should emphasize I never feed it tap water and I only use top-quality soil when re-potting.

To surmise, a lovely green plant that can fill a room. Loving care and years of patience can produce great results.

Neutral wreinha On Jan 14, 2009, wreinha from Macomb, IL wrote:

I have a coffe arabica in my bathroom, I hope it will get a little taller, I will be in the process of transplanting it into a bigger pot.

Positive cruz4him On Sep 26, 2008, cruz4him from Toronto, ON (Zone 6a) wrote:

I have this as an office plant. There was a promotion in our food court by Nature Valley (granola bars) and they were giving them away in 4 inch pots. Pretty much everyone in my office got one but mine are the only ones thriving and I've adopted about 3 or 4 of them from co-workers desperate to save them.

Mine grow on a south facing window sill and the air here is rather dry. It does need quite a bit of water, I've found, and I water twice a week and use regular 8-7-6 miracle-gro fertilizer once a month between March and November.

I've noticed that the lower leaves are always quite small, almost stunted, and they almost all fell off during the winter. According to one site, this seems to be fairly normat behaviour so I haven't thought much of it.

It is a beautiful plant with it's shiny green leaves. I doubt I'll ever produce any blooms or beans but it's quite pretty the way it is.

Positive WUVIE On Dec 11, 2006, WUVIE from Hulbert, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

When I saw a 3" pot with three plants at a local hardware store, I didn't think the poor thing could survive a trip to the checkout, much less life after tomorrow. It was, after all, on sale for but a quarter.

I brought it home, pulled off the dead leaves, watered it and went to bed. This morning it appears an entirely new plant, there is hope! I repotted the poor things, gave them a proper home, nice little label and will now hope to grow a gorgeous house plant.

Wish me luck!

Karen Marie

Positive tmccullo On Aug 14, 2006, tmccullo from Houston, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

We have a small plant here in Houston, Texas. I have found that the plant will not tolerate the summer heat here, even in the shade. The heat seemed to be causing the leaves to turn brown and fall off. So we have moved the plant intoors and placed it in front of a bay window where it gets morning sun. The plant is doing much better.

Positive ladyannne On May 2, 2005, ladyannne from Merced, CA (Zone 9a) wrote:

One of my favorites! It is constantly the most cheerful green. We bring it in for the winter, and it lets me know the moment it needs water, and is terribly forgiving. After four years it is about five feet tall, time to cut it off and have two! Good thing I do not depend on it for coffee beans, as I have never seen one, let alone a flower. Must be doing something wrong.

Positive JaxFlaGardener On Mar 1, 2005, JaxFlaGardener from Jacksonville, FL (Zone 8b) wrote:

I purchased three Coffea arabica plants at Lowe's, offered in the "Angel Plants" brand of indoor plants in 3" pots. I transplanted them into 5 gallon pots with potting soil and lots of humus and placed them in full sun and watered about once a day. They have grown to about 14" in one season. I overwintered them (Zone 8b/9a borderline) in my greenhouse and they have remained green and healthy.

I was treated to an Ethiopian Coffee Ceremony at a local restaurant and look forward to possibly roasting my own coffee beans for a similar ceremony when friends come to dinner.

Positive Maudie On Nov 19, 2004, Maudie from Harvest, AL wrote:

This plant was given to me in a dish garden. It has thrived in filtered light with very little water. The foliage is very pretty in contrast to the other plants in the container. It is deserving of much more respect and I plan to move it to another container and give it more TLC and see how it does as a houseplant.

Positive foodiesleuth On Jun 25, 2004, foodiesleuth from Honomu, HI (Zone 11) wrote:

We have just a handful of coffee trees in our yard and they have not started producing as yet...but in Kona on the other side of our island, there are literally hundreds of small coffee farms. Kona coffee is expensive, especially when selecting the peaberry, but well worth the price. Smooth with no bitter aftertaste, a great choice for a wonderful morning brew!

On our side of the island, several small farms have started sprouting up, especially at a higher elevation. This is known as Hamakua coffee, named after the area of the island.

Positive desertboot On Jun 24, 2004, desertboot from Bangalore
India (Zone 10a) wrote:

My grandmum planted 15 Coffea arabicas when she moved to this house in 1965. We lost three of the bushes somewhere along the line; the remaining 12 continue to flower twice each year, and together yield 3-4 kilogrammes of berries annually. The flowers - white, jasmine-like, lightly fragrant, borne along the branches in dense clusters - appear immediately following the first rains. Watching the bees pollinating away, early mornings, is a great sight. And there's something else to a cup of coffee with a personal history!

Neutral Monocromatico On Jun 24, 2004, Monocromatico from Rio de Janeiro
Brazil (Zone 11) wrote:

Here in Brazil the limitation to the coffee culture is the soil. Coffee plants are planted in tropical and subtropical places, but only in a certain kind of soil, which has very small grains, red/purple color, very rich and acidic. The rainfall in those areas isnt particularly intense, but this soil stays moist for a long time, without being muddy.

Coffee is a very valuable article in international commerce, which gave coffee farmers in Brazil so much power that they drove the brazilian politics for 100 years, until 1929, when the prices dropped suddenly, ruining many farmers. Still, Brazil is still the biggest coffee producer of the world.

Positive redjiii On Feb 7, 2004, redjiii wrote:

I live in zone 6 (approx), and I have been growing it indoors on an open-air plant shelf at about 60 to 70 degrees beneath a 20 watt flourescent bulb in pretty low-humidity. This plant has proven very easy to take care of in these conditions. Though, I have found that mine seems to require a particularly heavy amount of water...much more than I expected. I water it thoroughly each day until the soil is quite moist. This keeps the leaves and branches healthy and strong. If I miss watering for even two days, the leaves begin to sag and the scene looks quite sad :-( I put this plant in a heated (85 degrees) growing cabinet with reflective inner walls channeling 40 watts of flourescent light to leaves and it flourished. This was more of an experiment (as it has since been set back under the 20W bulb), but it seemed to enjoy the high temperature and VERY bright light.

Positive kountrykitten On Nov 9, 2003, kountrykitten from Moscow, TN (Zone 7a) wrote:

I have mine as a houseplant. I live in zone 5 and bought it at Meijers for a houseplant. It is doing very well in a filtered light spot in my house.

Neutral Terry On Sep 24, 2001, Terry from Murfreesboro, TN (Zone 7a) wrote:

The most widely grown species for producing coffee. A small understory tree in the wild, it is often cultivated as a shrub, pruned to a height of 6' for easier harvesting.

The leaves of the tree vary in color depending on their maturity - upon budding they are yellow, changing to clear green then finally maturing to a dark glossy green. The trees will flower and produce edible fruit when 3-4 years old.

The white flowers bloom in clusters of 8 to 15 flowers each and emit a light, Jasmine-like fragrance. The flower lasts only long enough to be pollinated, and culminates in production of two edible berries (called cherries) approximately 7 months after flowering.

Regional...

This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Jones, Alabama
Chatsworth, California
Del Mar, California
Fair Oaks, California
Goleta, California
Hayward, California
Merced, California
San Diego, California
San Pedro, California
Bartow, Florida
Boca Raton, Florida
Deland, Florida
Dunnellon, Florida
Kissimmee, Florida
Lutz, Florida
Miami, Florida
Pompano Beach, Florida
Sarasota, Florida
Honomu, Hawaii
Pukalani, Hawaii
Wailuku, Hawaii
Pesotum, Illinois
Thibodaux, Louisiana
Springfield, Massachusetts
Lees Summit, Missouri
Poughkeepsie, New York
Hulbert, Oklahoma
Austin, Texas
Dallas, Texas
Houston, Texas



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