Hardiness: USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 °C (-40 °F) USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 °C (-35 °F) USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 °C (-30 °F) USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 °C (-25 °F) USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 °C (-20 °F) USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 °C (-15 °F) USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 °C (-10 °F) USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 °C (-5 °F) USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 °C (0 °F) USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 °C (5 °F) USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 °C (10 °F) USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 °C (15 °F) USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 °C (20 °F)
Sun Exposure: Full Sun Sun to Partial Shade
Danger: Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested
Bloom Color: Orange
Bloom Time: Mid Spring Late Spring/Early Summer
Other details: This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds Flowers are fragrant Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater Self-sows freely; deadhead if you do not want volunteer seedlings next season
Soil pH requirements: 6.6 to 7.5 (neutral) 7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline) 7.9 to 8.5 (alkaline)
Propagation Methods: From semi-hardwood cuttings From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse From seed; stratify if sowing indoors From seed; sow indoors before last frost From seed; direct sow after last frost
Seed Collecting: Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds
On Aug 1, 2011, EvilPlot from Calgary , AB (Zone 3a) wrote:
Sowed outdoors in spring. Two months later you see showy, glowy, orange flowers that perfumes the whole garden. Even survived several hailstorms. I hope they will self seed. Would be nice to have them again year, after year.
On May 13, 2011, karlaward from Mapleton, ND wrote:
I planted this from a "mixed" garden, just found the name today. Love the smell! It took 3 years (grown from seed) before it bloomed. If dead-headed will continue to bloom all summer until frost, evergreen even in ND. Grows in partial shade, never had to water, does well if ignored. I hope to collect seeds and plant elsewhere in other gardens.
On Mar 5, 2010, Caedi25 from Kirkland, WA (Zone 8b) wrote:
Put a few of these hearty, glowy (love the brilliant orange!) plants along a sinuous "dry creekbed" we created from all the rock we've excavated during new bed preparation and they have continuously added to their own numbers. Their informal sprawl is exactly what we hoped for, their scent adds delight to the process of working around them and we have begun to collect their seed and sow it elsewhere in the yard to spread the cheer. Love 'em!
On Jul 27, 2005, ladybluejey from Yuanzhou Boluo, Huizhou China wrote:
Because I am trying to grow this in southern China, in a very clay based soil, I have had difficulties, but was able to grow them. The only problem, be careful, cats who like to eat plants maybe end up fairly sick from the leaves. I have had to deal with a lot of vomiting as a result of my cat ingesting them.
Has grey to deep green, slightly downy, lance like, toothed leaves. Bears scented, yellow to bright orange, 4 petalled flowers.
Flowers March - May
Loves a well drained, poorish, neutral to alkaline soil in sun or light shade.
Usually grown as a biennial.
May be subject to club root fungus (Plasmodiophora brassicae) especially in acid soils. Don't grow in a bed where you expect to grow cabbages in the next year or two (and vice versa), especially if you have bought the plants from a nursery.
This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:
Richmond, California Rosamond, California Santa Clara, California Vacaville, California Des Plaines, Illinois Fayetteville, Illinois Itasca, Illinois St Charles, Illinois Troy, Illinois Gloucester, Massachusetts Pinconning, Michigan La Crescent, Minnesota Mathiston, Mississippi Helena, Montana New Milford, New Jersey Hannibal, New York Henrietta, New York Norwood, New York High Point, North Carolina North Ridgeville, Ohio Tipp City, Ohio Williamsburg, Ohio Salem, Oregon Unicoi, Tennessee Austin, Texas Lubbock, Texas Midland, Texas Inglewood-finn Hill, Washington Kalama, Washington Ocean City, Washington Seattle, Washington Appleton, Wisconsin