Black-eyed Susan, Orange Coneflower

Rudbeckia fulgida

Family: Asteraceae (ass-ter-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Rudbeckia (rud-BEK-ee-a) (Info)
Species: fulgida (FUL-jih-duh) (Info)
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Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Water Requirements:

Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


18-24 in. (45-60 cm)


18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

24-36 in. (60-90 cm)


USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)

USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade



Bloom Color:

Bright Yellow

Bloom Time:

Mid Summer

Late Summer/Early Fall

Mid Fall




Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing the rootball

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

From seed; sow indoors before last frost

From seed; direct sow after last frost

Self-sows freely; deadhead if you do not want volunteer seedlings next season

Seed Collecting:

Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Huntsville, Alabama

Fayetteville, Arkansas

Shingletown, California

Keystone Heights, Florida

Cornelia, Georgia

Chicago, Illinois

Jacksonville, Illinois

Waukegan, Illinois

Bremen, Indiana

Fishers, Indiana

Indianola, Iowa

Hebron, Kentucky

Gaithersburg, Maryland

Rockville, Maryland

Dearborn Heights, Michigan

Traverse City, Michigan

Minneapolis, Minnesota

Belton, Missouri

Cole Camp, Missouri

Auburn, New Hampshire

Frenchtown, New Jersey

Albuquerque, New Mexico

Sugar Grove, North Carolina

Winston Salem, North Carolina

Dayton, Ohio

Glouster, Ohio

Mount Orab, Ohio

Bend, Oregon

Salem, Oregon

Brookhaven, Pennsylvania

Norristown, Pennsylvania

Watsontown, Pennsylvania

Hendersonville, Tennessee

Hixson, Tennessee

Dallas, Texas

Palmer, Texas

Broadway, Virginia

Norfolk, Virginia

Spokane, Washington

Liberty, West Virginia

Rosedale, West Virginia

Fort Atkinson, Wisconsin

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Feb 8, 2014, Rickwebb from Downingtown, PA wrote:

This is the mother species that does not spread by underground rhizomes like 'Goldstrum'. It does self sow a lot which can be a blessing or not, depending. It blooms in mid-August into early October in the North.


On Jan 23, 2009, ben773 from Waukegan, IL wrote:

I like this better than the cultivar "Goldstrum". It is resistant to powdery mildew and the leaves do not turn patchy (black). The habit of the plant is more graceful than "Goldsturm". It needs staking , however. Cat's cradle staking works well.


On Mar 25, 2006, SW_gardener from (Zone 6a) wrote:

I grow this in hard clay soil in sun/part shade. It grows very well there and I don't find it invasive at all. I grow it with Purple Coneflowers and other perennials. A classic.


On Jun 14, 2005, rweiler from Albuquerque, NM wrote:

Imagine my surprise when this 2 ft. tall by 2 ft. wide beauty popped up in my tiny driveway bed this March (fullsun/slightly sheltered/southside). It came from a cheap wildflower mix tossed there last spring and had virtually no water to speak of. I'll be curious how it tolerates our hot, dry NM summer and whether it is perennial or annual -but as of today 6/15/05 it has been the joy of my garden.


On Sep 26, 2004, Howard_C from St John's, NL wrote:

We grow cv "Goldsturm" which does not have the bad habits referred to by some people above. I suspect some of them are just looking at the English name and not the species, and are probably referring to a different plant. According to Gray's Manual of Botany R. fulgida does not occur in New England, although other species do. Ours have the long narrow petals shown in wannadanc's picture. Gives glowing, golden fall colour.


On May 6, 2004, ZaksGarden from Winston Salem, NC wrote:

This flower is by far one of my favorites. I purchased two plants at a local nursery, and now 3 years later I have about 12 of them. Makes a great border, it does not spread to quickly but sure enough if you look around where your other ones were last year you will see a few babies sticking up out of the ground. Its very easy to grow, and seems to grow wherever I plant it.


On Oct 19, 2003, hotlanta from Lilburn, GA (Zone 8a) wrote:

This black-eyed susan makes an excellent ground cover for banks. It is not a very fast spreader, but each year the area is a little larger than the previous. The color is beautiful when in full bloom and the flowers last a month or more. I will be trying to propagate by seed, which I have not done before. Time will tell.


On Aug 9, 2003, Ladyfern from Jeffersonville, IN (Zone 6a) wrote:

Very attractive plant with large, smooth, dark green leaves. Mine grows 38" tall. Blooms second year from seed. The cultivar 'Goldsturn' produces little seeds that are useless to the birds, so plant other cultivars to benefit the birds.


On Jul 29, 2003, miltboyd from Haverhill, MA (Zone 6b) wrote:

A common wild flower in New England. If you bring it into your wild flower garden, and change your mind, it's the "dickens" to get rid of. Self-sown seeds will sprout for years after parents are gone. Great for kids; guaranteed to flower, and lots to pick for vases in the house. But check carefully for critters!


On Jul 11, 2003, Bricca from Sugar Grove, NC wrote:

We love the way that this brightly colored plant grows and looks on our rocky hillside - very hardy here in our mouintains. Does well with just rain water; very self-sufficient & reliable. Have not had any problem with invasiveness. Makes a great vase bloom; combines well with other perennials. Bloom lasts a LONG time!


On May 6, 2002, lupinelover from Grove City, OH (Zone 6a) wrote:

This plant grows enormously big within a year, with new crowns appearing all season. Self-seeds to a point considered to be invasive. Plant should be placed no closer than 4' from the nearest neighbor.

Root system is thick and fleshy, making it difficult to dislodge.


On Sep 3, 2001, talinum from Kearney, NE (Zone 5a) wrote:

Unlike Rudbeckia hirta, this species is not susceptible to powdery mildew.


On Nov 6, 2000, jody from MD &, VA (Zone 7b) wrote:

This species of Rudbeckia contains the most common grown 'Goldsturm'. It grows to about 2' tall and has lancelote leaves. The flowers are daisy like, yellow with brown cone centers. Best cultivated in sun to part shade. Can propage by seed or division. Hardy zones 3-9.