Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Yautia, Tannia, Malanga, Arrowleaf Elephant Ear
Xanthosoma sagittifolium

Family: Araceae (a-RAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Xanthosoma (zan-tho-SO-muh) (Info)
Species: sagittifolium (sag-it-ee-FOH-lee-um) (Info)

37 members have or want this plant for trade.

View this plant in a garden


10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)

4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:
Partial to Full Shade

All parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:
Pale Green

Bloom Time:
Late Spring/Early Summer
Mid Summer
Late Summer/Early Fall

Grown for foliage

Other details:
May be a noxious weed or invasive
This plant is suitable for growing indoors
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

Seed Collecting:
N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed

Click thumbnail
to view:

By xeen
Thumbnail #1 of Xanthosoma sagittifolium by xeen

By Floridian
Thumbnail #2 of Xanthosoma sagittifolium by Floridian

By Hunter_X
Thumbnail #3 of Xanthosoma sagittifolium by Hunter_X

By Cuppie
Thumbnail #4 of Xanthosoma sagittifolium by Cuppie

By easter0794
Thumbnail #5 of Xanthosoma sagittifolium by easter0794

By dheadley
Thumbnail #6 of Xanthosoma sagittifolium by dheadley

By xyris
Thumbnail #7 of Xanthosoma sagittifolium by xyris

There are a total of 19 photos.
Click here to view them all!


6 positives
1 neutral
1 negative

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive fla1garden On Mar 2, 2012, fla1garden from Mango, FL wrote:

Made a very good cake using this root as a flower substitute it was enjoyed by our Rare fruit club at a monthly luncheon. flagarden

Positive stevesivek On Mar 29, 2010, stevesivek from Baytown, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

Negative vcb1 On Jun 19, 2006, vcb1 from Melbourne Beach, FL (Zone 10a) wrote:

This plant is on the Category II list of invasive exotics put out by the Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council.

Neutral Baa On Apr 5, 2004, Baa wrote:

This plant is commercially grown for human consumption in some parts of the world. However, it MUST (with no exception) be cooked correctly prior to eating. If any part is eaten raw it will cause SEVERE IRRITATION of the mouth and throat. The sap can also cause dermatitis.


Positive amorning1 On Nov 29, 2003, amorning1 from Islamorada, FL wrote:

You can chop up a bulb into 10 pieces and each piece will start a new plant. Does not like wind. Dappled shade/sun works best. Extremely fast growing...can spit out a big new leaf within 3 days. Can tolerate full sun if well established and watered often. I've seen 'em growing in water, not planted or nothing, just floating along...making baby plants as they go.

Positive aking1a On Aug 27, 2003, aking1a from Baton Rouge, LA (Zone 8b) wrote:

Most resources suggest shade to part shade. My best success is to plant in an area receiving 6 hours morning sun and bright afternoon shade. Rich, well drained, moist soil.

Positive xyris On Aug 18, 2003, xyris from Sebring, FL (Zone 9b) wrote:

Grows like crazy in wet areas in central Florida. The size of the leaves is somewhat dependent on the size of the rhizome or tuber planted. I moved some that weighed about 50 pounds each and immediately got 4 foot leaves on 4 foot petioles. It will grow in standing water quite successfully - my best ones are in a drainage ditch that has had water all summer long.

However, it can be invasive - so don't discard rhizomes or tubers at the edges of natural wetlands in Florida or you could create a problem.

Positive Michaelp On Oct 9, 2002, Michaelp from Glendale, UT (Zone 5a) wrote:

This grows well in Florida/ needs rich wet soil to produce a good crop of tubers-Mine grow well and are nice looking they do well in areas too wet for most things, [but not in standing water]. Be careful of your variety identification, --this looks like lots of other "non-edible" Xanth varieties ,when just looking at the folliage, the rest of the plant must be looked at before you determine that it is an edible variety, --to be sure to grow an edible variety buy some Malanga tubers from the market and plant some.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Anniston, Alabama
Auburn, Alabama
Daphne, Alabama
Phoenix, Arizona
Orange, Connecticut
Brandon, Florida (2 reports)
Brooksville, Florida
Cape Coral, Florida
Clearwater, Florida
Deltona, Florida
Dunnellon, Florida (2 reports)
Inverness, Florida
Jacksonville, Florida
Lakeland, Florida
Loxahatchee, Florida
Miami, Florida
North Fort Myers, Florida
Ocala, Florida
Orlando, Florida
Pensacola, Florida
Rockledge, Florida
Sebring, Florida
Seffner, Florida
Tampa, Florida
Titusville, Florida
Winter Haven, Florida
Dallas, Georgia
Hawkinsville, Georgia
Hinesville, Georgia
Lahaina, Hawaii
Baton Rouge, Louisiana
Kansas City, Missouri
North Las Vegas, Nevada
Elizabeth City, North Carolina
Emerald Isle, North Carolina
Huntersville, North Carolina
Cincinnati, Ohio
Stilwell, Oklahoma
Vieques, Puerto Rico
Conway, South Carolina
Lexington, South Carolina
Austin, Texas
Grand Prairie, Texas
Houston, Texas
Humble, Texas
Richmond, Texas

We recommend Firefox
Overwhelmed? There's a lot to see here. Try starting at our homepage.

[ Home | About | Advertise | Media Kit | Mission | Featured Companies | Submit an Article | Terms of Use | Tour | Rules | Privacy Policy | Contact Us ]

Back to the top

Copyright © 2000-2015 Dave's Garden, an Internet Brands company. All Rights Reserved.

Hope for America