Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Purple Spurge
Euphorbia dulcis

Family: Euphorbiaceae (yoo-for-bee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Euphorbia (yoo-FOR-bee-uh) (Info)
Species: dulcis (DUL-sis) (Info)


6-12 in. (15-30 cm)

9-12 in. (22-30 cm)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:
Light Shade

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:
Chartreuse (Yellow-Green)

Bloom Time:
Late Spring/Early Summer
Mid Summer

Grown for foliage

Other details:
Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
From herbaceous stem cuttings

Seed Collecting:
Unknown - Tell us

Click thumbnail
to view:

By Baa
Thumbnail #1 of Euphorbia dulcis by Baa

By poppysue
Thumbnail #2 of Euphorbia dulcis by poppysue

By Malus2006
Thumbnail #3 of Euphorbia dulcis by Malus2006


1 positive
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive Malus2006 On Dec 21, 2008, Malus2006 from Coon Rapids, MN (Zone 4a) wrote:

Will grow even in Minnesota - have strongly purple leaves all season - will seed itself at low rate some distant from the parent plant - have partial shade tolerance. Starts coming up early in spring, sometimes gets nipped by late cold weather.

Neutral Baa On Oct 20, 2001, Baa wrote:

A small perennial found in Europe except in the North.

Has lance like, bronze green smoothy leaves which turn red and yellow in autumn. Bears greeny yellow, involucres (bracts surrounding the tiny flowers) and cyathia (tiny flowers).

Flowers late May - July

Likes a well drained, moist, humus rich soil in light shade but will tolerate drier soils.

As with all Euphorbia the sap can be a skin irritant so be careful when handling.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Del Mar, California
San Francisco, California
Temecula, California
Minneapolis, Minnesota
Kalama, Washington
Wild Rose, Wisconsin

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