Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Jonquilla Narcissus, Apodanthus Daffodil
Narcissus jonquilla

Family: Amaryllidaceae (am-uh-ril-id-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Narcissus (nar-SIS-us) (Info)
Species: jonquilla (jong-KWIL-uh) (Info)

Synonym:Narcissus jonquilla simplex (misapplied)

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3 members have or want this plant for trade.

Division 7 - Jonquilla

12-18 in. (30-45 cm)

3-6 in. (7-15 cm)

Bloom Time:
Mid Spring
Late Spring/Early Summer

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun

Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested
Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction

Bloom Color:
Bright Yellow
White/Near White


Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
Flowers are fragrant

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

Seed Collecting:
N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed

Click thumbnail
to view:

By Ulrich
Thumbnail #1 of Narcissus jonquilla by Ulrich

By bootandall
Thumbnail #2 of Narcissus jonquilla by bootandall

By kniphofia
Thumbnail #3 of Narcissus jonquilla by kniphofia

By Gardening_Jim
Thumbnail #4 of Narcissus jonquilla by Gardening_Jim


2 positives
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive coriaceous On Mar 31, 2014, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

The species Narcissus jonquilla has flower scapes up to a foot tall and 1-6 small gold flowers per scape, often under an inch across. The fragrance is extraordinary. Leaves are round in cross-section and look like chives.

At least some forms of this species are very late to bloom. I've observed one that begins to bloom in June, here in Boston (Z6a), over two months after 'February Gold'.

I can sometimes smell a small clump 50 feet downwind---and I'm almost anosmic. The fragrance is very sweet and light, without the unpleasant musky tones of many narcissus. It reminds me of lemon blossoms or of honeysuckle (Like L. fragrantissima but not like L. japonica, which has a heavier fragrance.)

Many of the jonquilla hybrids (Division 7) do not smell like the species. Most are substantially larger and taller.

'Baby Moon' is a selection of N. jonquilla and not a hybrid.

Positive kniphofia On Jan 23, 2005, kniphofia from Morpeth
United Kingdom (Zone 8a) wrote:

Utterly charming with very sweetly scented flowers.

Neutral poppysue On Nov 1, 2001, poppysue from Westbrook, ME (Zone 5a) wrote:

The Jonquill hybrids are sweetly fragrant and have numerous flowers per stem. 'Pipet' has lemon-yellow petals and a yellow cup that fades to white. 'Trevithian' has pale yellow flowers.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Garberville, California
Braselton, Georgia
Hayden, Idaho
Skowhegan, Maine
Roslindale, Massachusetts
Greensboro, North Carolina
Liberty, North Carolina
Marshall, North Carolina
Glouster, Ohio
Rock Hill, South Carolina
Vancouver, Washington

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