Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Blue Vervain
Verbena hastata

Family: Verbenaceae (ver-be-NAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Verbena (ver-BEE-nuh) (Info)
Species: hastata (hass-TAH-tuh) (Info)

10 vendors have this plant for sale.

28 members have or want this plant for trade.


4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)

18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)
USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)
USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Sun Exposure:
Sun to Partial Shade

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Late Spring/Early Summer
Mid Summer
Late Summer/Early Fall


Other details:
Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Soil pH requirements:
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall
From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse
From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

Seed Collecting:
Bag seedheads to capture ripening seed
Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

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There are a total of 16 photos.
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4 positives
2 neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive dianne99 On Aug 10, 2008, dianne99 from Brookville, KS (Zone 5b) wrote:

I have this wild all over my property, but have not been here for a dry year yet so cannot speak for it's performance then, and it has put on an impressive display all season, even in a recently graded area of deep clay-y sand along with false sunflowers and 2 other varieties of yellow flowers I cannot ID...nature designed this planting and it is stunning. I also use it in wildflower bouquets (harvesting very lightly) and it lasts over a week with the parts of the flower that open inside the house a lovely lighter shade of lavender for a lovely two-toned miniature bottle-brush effect.

Positive Malus2006 On Apr 17, 2008, Malus2006 from Coon Rapids, MN (Zone 4a) wrote:

I have a few plants in my garden - grows very well - in the wild they are very common, along with another species, produces the most purple flowers on roadsides in Eastern United States in mid Summer.

Positive bluespiral On Dec 28, 2006, bluespiral from (Zone 7a) wrote:

Once DH and I were walking along a trail high above a low-lying wetland that was awash in vivid, dark lavender-purple, and for a moment, it was as if I was inside a picture of a field of lavender in Provence, France in one of my gardening books. Such is the effect of a wide plain filled with blue vervain from a distance - beautiful and awesome. Up close, there must have been a couple dozen kinds of other plants down there with it, but all has now been trounced by the very invasive Polygonum cuspidatum (Japanese knotweed).

Neutral bibliodhp On Jul 31, 2006, bibliodhp from Whitefield, NH wrote:

Begins to bloom late July in Cos County, NH alongside of damp rural roads.

Positive melody On Aug 10, 2005, melody from Benton, KY (Zone 7a) wrote:

Blooming in late summer/early fall here in west KY, Blue Vervain graces the roadsides and damp meadows with a long blooming period. The tall spikes have the appearance of a candleabra with tiny blue 'flames.

In ancient times, it was thought to cure all sorts of ailments and was highly regarded as 'big medicine'.

Found pretty much throughout the eastern half of the country, it seems to survive in a great variety of conditions, but prefers damp thickets, shorelines and roadsides.

Neutral poppysue On Nov 2, 2001, poppysue from Westbrook, ME (Zone 5a) wrote:

This verbena grows into a large clump 4-5 feet tall. It has stiff erect stems, lance shapes foliage and a spiky candelabrum of flowers. The flowers may not be as large as the garden varieties of verbena but they are abundant and bloom for a very long time during the summer months. The tiny tubular shaped blossoms grow in whorls up the pencil shaped spikes and are a treat for bees and butterflies.
This is a medicinal species of verbena and has been used for centuries for its mild sedative affects as well as female ailments, stomach cramps, colds, fevers and other diseases. Its genus name is Latin for sacred plant. Early settlers believed it would ward off evil spirits. Its a wonderful native to add to the garden.
This plant loves wet soils and can reach a height of 5 ft or taller if grown in a damp area. It will tolerate many other conditions but may remain smaller. Mine stays at 3 ft. grown in a heavy clay soil. Seeds will benefit from a fall sowing because a cold period improves the germination.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Menlo Park, California
Cordele, Georgia
Chicago, Illinois
Rockford, Illinois
Flora, Indiana
Greenville, Indiana
Wabash, Indiana
Iowa City, Iowa
Brookville, Kansas
Benton, Kentucky
Louisville, Kentucky
Taylorsville, Kentucky
Ellicott City, Maryland
Pinconning, Michigan
Albertville, Minnesota
Isle, Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota
Cole Camp, Missouri
O Fallon, Missouri
Dover, New Hampshire
Bayville, New Jersey
Frenchtown, New Jersey
Newfield, New York
Browns Summit, North Carolina
Bowling Green, Ohio
Loveland, Ohio
Ashland City, Tennessee
Leesburg, Virginia
Kalama, Washington
Falling Waters, West Virginia
Pewaukee, Wisconsin
Porterfield, Wisconsin

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