Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Habanero Pepper
Capsicum chinense 'Jacquin'

Family: Solanaceae (so-lan-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Capsicum (KAP-sih-kum) (Info)
Species: chinense (chi-NEN-see) (Info)
Cultivar: Jacquin

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24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

Sun Exposure:
Sun to Partial Shade

Heat (Pungency):
Extremely Hot (above 30,000 Scoville Units)

Fruit Shape:

Fruit Size:
Small (under 2" in length)

Fruit Color:
Unknown - Tell us

Disease Resistance:
Unknown - Tell us

Seed Type:

Fresh (salsa, salads)

Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Propagation Methods:
From seed; sow indoors before last frost

Seed Collecting:
Allow unblemished fruit to ripen; clean and dry seeds
Wear gloves to protect hands when handling seeds
Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored

Days to Maturity:
Mid (69-80 days)
Late (more than 80 days)

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By Floridian
Thumbnail #1 of Capsicum chinense by Floridian


1 positive
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive melody On Feb 4, 2005, melody from Benton, KY (Zone 7a) wrote:

Habeneros are a wonderful seasoning pepper, they have a smokey, fruity flavor that is unique.

Care must be taken when handling these. Do not get the juice on your hands. I use surgical gloves when handling very hot peppers, and dispose of them carefully.

Neutral Floridian On Nov 13, 2001, Floridian from Lutz, FL (Zone 9b) wrote:

Peppers like an even water supply and good drainage, full sun and a long, hot summer. They develop their roots very near the surface, so side-dressing with good organic compost is particularly helpful. Peppers are an anticarcinogenic, warming, carminative, digestive and nutritive spice.
Habanero is one of the hottest pepper recorded worldwide, with one variety (Red Savina) registering up to 577,000 units on the Scoville heat scale. The fruits are heart shaped and bright orange-red at maturity, measuring as large as 2 inches. They are used for sauces, pickled, frozen or dried for later use. The name means "of Havana."


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Rockledge, Florida
Houston, Texas

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