Red Cedar Juniper, Eastern Red Cedar

Juniperus virginiana

Family: Cupressaceae (koo-press-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Juniperus (jew-NIP-er-us) (Info)
Species: virginiana (vir-jin-ee-AN-uh) (Info)
View this plant in a garden




Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Flowers are fragrant

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


over 40 ft. (12 m)


12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)


USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)

USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun


Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction

Pollen may cause allergic reaction

Bloom Color:

Pale Yellow

Bloom Time:



Grown for foliage



Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

Seed Collecting:

Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

Remove fleshy coating on seeds before storing

Allow unblemished fruit to ripen; clean and dry seeds


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:



Saraland, Alabama

Tuscaloosa, Alabama

Hereford, Arizona

Morrilton, Arkansas

Beacon Falls, Connecticut

Bartow, Florida

Deland, Florida

Dunnellon, Florida

Keystone Heights, Florida

Lecanto, Florida

Ocala, Florida

Oldsmar, Florida

Osprey, Florida

Sarasota, Florida

Athens, Georgia

Braselton, Georgia

Douglas, Georgia

Monroe, Georgia

Glen Ellyn, Illinois

Benton, Kentucky

Calvert City, Kentucky

Crestwood, Kentucky

Hi Hat, Kentucky

Louisville, Kentucky

Mc Dowell, Kentucky

Salvisa, Kentucky

Taylorsville, Kentucky

Baton Rouge, Louisiana

New Orleans, Louisiana

Slaughter, Louisiana

Thibodaux, Louisiana

Vacherie, Louisiana

Brookeville, Maryland

Riverdale, Maryland

Valley Lee, Maryland

Kalamazoo, Michigan

Waynesboro, Mississippi

Cole Camp, Missouri

Frenchtown, New Jersey

Willsboro, New York

Burlington, North Carolina

Elizabeth City, North Carolina

Belfield, North Dakota

Cleveland, Ohio

Felicity, Ohio

Downingtown, Pennsylvania

Greencastle, Pennsylvania

Harrisburg, Pennsylvania

Stewartstown, Pennsylvania

Beaufort, South Carolina

Bluffton, South Carolina

Hilton Head Island, South Carolina

Irmo, South Carolina

Lexington, South Carolina

Pelion, South Carolina

Rock Hill, South Carolina

Cleveland, Tennessee

Collierville, Tennessee

Dickson, Tennessee

Middleton, Tennessee

Dallas, Texas

Fort Worth, Texas

Lone Oak, Texas

Moody, Texas

Royse City, Texas

Willis, Texas

Chantilly, Virginia

Urbanna, Virginia

Liberty, West Virginia

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Feb 22, 2012, scotjute from Moody, TX wrote:

This is a very dependable evergreen for most of the country.
One of the few evergreens that can take the heat, drought, and alkaline soil of central Texas. It retains a beautiful cone-shape when young that will eventually transform into a more spreading form when older. Mine have grown about 2-2 1/2'/yr. when watered regularly; 12-16"/year when not.


On Jan 10, 2010, theNobody14161 from Kalamazoo, MI wrote:

Eastern redcedar tolerats an exceptional range of moisture. It is currently growing in our cattial marsh and under a hardwood overstory on a dry sandy-textured hill. Birds like this tree.


On Nov 20, 2009, tabasco from Cincinnati (Anderson Twp), OH (Zone 6a) wrote:

The Eastern Red Cedar is a favorite shrub to attract Eastern Bluebirds. They love the berries.


On May 7, 2007, mike3764 from Stewartstown, PA (Zone 6b) wrote:

Purchased as a 4 to 5 foot tall plant in the Spring of 2005. Had a few berries the first fall/winter. It has started to grow very well now showing over a foot of new growth in early May of 2007. Even have a pair of Mockingbirds building a nest in it this year. So far so good!


On Apr 6, 2006, CaptMicha from Brookeville, MD (Zone 7a) wrote:

I've found Junipers growing in my woods. I have a hard time finding or even growing evergreens in alkaline soil and in shade but Juniperus virginiana does fine and even manages to produce some berries.

When grown in shade, they stay smaller and more urn shaped like young trees.

I only notice the fragrance when the foliage is crushed.


On Jun 23, 2004, TREEHUGR from Now in Orlando, FL (Zone 9b) wrote:

My variety is called Southern Red Cedar. From what I understand, it's the same thing. I have 8 of these trees. Actually make that 7 because I just took one out. They are a great choice for the look of those beautiful evergreens you see up north, that don't fare well here in zone 9.

Although I think it's a great looking tree, I have to give it a neutral because these really aren't all that practical in home landscapes unless you have a lot of room or only want to plant one as a specimin tree.

The reasons are they get large with a wide spread. 50x20 or so. And that uses up a lot of valuable space in the yard for other plants when they get big. Thus, finding a good spot for the trees in a small yard is tough. Removing them, due to their strong valuable wood, is e... read more


On Nov 9, 2003, dogbane from New Orleans, LA (Zone 9a) wrote:

Strong native tree, with a beautiful shape - urn-like when young, assymetrical with age. One of the few cedar/juniper trees for south Louisiana.


On Aug 25, 2003, berrygirl from Braselton, GA (Zone 7b) wrote:

i have probably 20 or so in my yard of various heights. i love them and are constantly getting comments from folks telling me how lovely they look. they grow very fast here in z7b and are gorgeous with lites on them at Christmas (outdoors that is). i love to go up to them and smell them in summer to remind me the holidays are coming. several have been damaged by ice but have fully recovered after a couple growing seasons. they make great privacy trees!!!


On Jul 31, 2003, Terry from Murfreesboro, TN (Zone 7a) wrote:

If you have apple trees, this is not a good plant to have growing anywhere in the vicinity, as it acts as the alternate host for Cedar-apple rust, the fungus Gymnosporangium juniperivirginianae. The presence of the fungus is evidenced by orange and gelatinous galls on the Juniper. Since Junipers are so prevalent in most parts of the country, planting disease-resistant apples and applying fungicide are the most effective defenses.


On Jun 9, 2003, KK_MEM from Collierville, TN (Zone 7a) wrote:

Planted five in 2000 and pretty much like what I was told: "plant them and forget them." Here in zone 7 the foliage turns a bronze shade in winter, but otherwise is a nice evergreen. Survived freezing rain with grace. Has not been bothered by diseases or pests. One spring when we had a lot of rain, they were in standing water for a good two/three days - no matter. They are very strong performers in full sun. Berries are very nice and attracts birds. Love them.


On Nov 27, 2001, Floridian from Lutz, FL (Zone 9b) wrote:

Red cedar is an evergreen growing 40 to 50 feet tall and spreading 8 to 12 feet. Red cedar develops a brownish tint in winter and is sometimes used in windbreaks. The fruit is a blue berry and is ornamental when produced in quantity.
Eastern red cedar is a common coniferous species found in every State east of the 100th meridian. Its wood is highly valued because of its beauty, durability, and workability. It provides cedarwood oil for fragrance compounds, food and shelter for wildlife, and protective vegetation for fragile soils.