Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Corn Poppy, Field Poppy, Flanders Field Poppy, Shirley Poppy
Papaver rhoeas

Family: Papaveraceae (pa-pav-er-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Papaver (puh-PAY-ver) (Info)
Species: rhoeas (ROH-ee-as) (Info)

7 vendors have this plant for sale.

50 members have or want this plant for trade.


12-18 in. (30-45 cm)

12-15 in. (30-38 cm)

Not Applicable

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun

Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Late Spring/Early Summer
Mid Summer


Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:
Bag seedheads to capture ripening seed
Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds
Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored

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There are a total of 67 photos.
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10 positives
3 neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive Clary On Jul 4, 2010, Clary from Lewisburg, PA (Zone 6b) wrote:

Pretty wildflower. Weedy habit. Wiry, twining stems and delicate petals. The blooms don't last long and fade quickly in bright sun. Red flowered plant self-sowed and produced orange flowered "children."

Positive anelson77 On Jul 2, 2009, anelson77 from Seattle, WA wrote:

These grow easily from seeds broadcast in February or March in the Pacific Northwest. They like full sun, fertile soil but make do with poor dry soil. They bloom for a fairly long period, in June and July. They come in a variety of colors and flower forms but the simple red ones can't be beat. They look great with delphiniums, and other poppy varieties.

Positive Fleurs On Nov 20, 2006, Fleurs from Columbia, SC wrote:

With their delicate tissue-paper blossoms, Shirley Poppies are one of the delights of early Spring here in South Carolina. They're very easy to winter sow and don't mind being planted out while there's still a chance of frost -- in fact, it's the heat they don't like. Although their bloom time is brief, that just makes me appreciate them all the more.

Neutral nevadagdn On May 4, 2005, nevadagdn from Sparks, NV (Zone 7a) wrote:

I'm still trying to get these to grow from seed. Maybe it's my casual broadcast method in early January... that's the problem?

Positive JaxFlaGardener On May 4, 2005, JaxFlaGardener from Jacksonville, FL (Zone 8b) wrote:

I finally got one of these poppies to grow, and it now seems worth the previous wasted efforts! I've tried growing from seeds. The plants would sometimes germinate in seed trays, but would soon damp off. Broadcast seeding didn't provide any results until I found out that the seeds should be planted in the cool temperatures of late Fall (October/November here in NE Florida). I broadcast some poppy seeds in November last year, using a few of my collection of Red Poppy seed packets provided in all mailings from the National Home Gardening Club. This Spring, I wasn't sure if the seedling plant that came up was a dandelion or thistle or poppy so I left it to grow instead of pulling it up. I'm glad I left it! The poppy bloomed for the first time yesterday (May 3). It will be interesting to see if it survives in our hot, humid climate and if it will reseed.

Update, 06/16/2008 - The poppies didn't reseed and I've not been able to remember to plant them at the right time for the past few years, but may try again this year.


Positive WalterT On Aug 10, 2004, WalterT from San Diego, CA (Zone 10a) wrote:

The poppies of Flanders fields. I first saw them in northern France in the middle of World War 2, summer of 1944. The sight of vast fields of blood-red poppies brought back memories of my early childhood. World War 1 was still in the recent past and the songs and poetry from that war were still heard frequently on the radio. Before the war ended I visited the huge American WW 1 cemetary near Chateau Thierry and as I gazed out over the thousands of white crosses and stars of David I said, half out loud,"Here we are again, boys." Now there are blood-red poppies growing all over the world, literally and figuratively.... It is remarkable what thoughts the sight of a single plant, a single flower, can generate in one's mind. WTH.

Positive starshine On Aug 9, 2004, starshine from Bend, OR (Zone 6a) wrote:

I love the dancing petals ripe with a variety of colours from the onset of summer til it fades into fall these poppies grow well in full sun, or partial sun. They will also tolerate drought fairly well (though I wouldn't let them turn brown;)

Positive frogsrus On Apr 24, 2004, frogsrus from San Diego, CA (Zone 10a) wrote:

Set out seeds in the fall for March bloomers here in southern CA. Does best in full sun. Will flop over and reach for light if in partial shade. Beautiful bloomer for after the bulbs have gone. Reseeds.

Positive Oberon46 On Jul 6, 2003, Oberon46 from (Mary) Anchorage, AK (Zone 4b) wrote:

Planted from seed in spring (Mid-May for us in Alaska). Had first bloom July 4th, a brillant red with black center. Plants are 12-18" high with stems as big or bigger than my thumb. Huge fleshy plants. Will collect seeds and broadcast in fall.

Neutral Bug_Girl On Nov 10, 2002, Bug_Girl from San Francisco, CA wrote:

I have had limited success with these plants. I never see them in cell packs so one has to buy seeds. Each brand of seeds has different qualities, some of the ones that reseeded very more successful then the ones bought in packages. Some of them had a powder mildew problem, and some of them flopped over, due to excess vegative growth, however, some of them were just lovely.

Positive lupinelover On Jul 2, 2002, lupinelover from Grove City, OH (Zone 6a) wrote:

Sowing seeds to germinate in late summer, to overwinter and bloom the following spring/summer results in much bigger and healthier plants that have many more flowers than those sown in late winter or early spring.

Removing spent flower stems before seed starts to ripen results in flowering for up to 3 months.

Positive Lilith On May 2, 2002, Lilith from Durham
United Kingdom (Zone 8a) wrote:

A native species in the UK, poppies paint a new road verge or embankment a brilliant hue in their first year, but rapidly decline and after a few years exist only as seeds in the soil, waiting until the land is turned again. Once a common sight in cornfields, more effective seed cleaning and use of selective herbicides have made poppies much rarer.

Neutral smiln32 On Aug 30, 2001, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

Hardy Annual. Self-sows readily and is a good choice for naturalizing in a meadow garden. Single, red, cup-shaped flowers have a black blotch in the center. It is the classic poppy bloom and absolutely stunning. The original species of this plant was introduced into our country from Russia in 1876 by William Thompson, the founder of the Thompson and Morgan Seed Company. Leaves are deeply lobed and the plant is fully hardy. Seeds need darkness to germinate


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Pelham, Alabama
Anchorage, Alaska
Seward, Alaska
Phoenix, Arizona
Ceres, California
Chowchilla, California
Lompoc, California
Los Angeles, California
Merced, California
Patterson, California
Platina, California
Reseda, California
Salinas, California
San Diego, California
San Francisco, California
San Leandro, California
Thousand Oaks, California
Grand Junction, Colorado
Parker, Colorado
Alford, Florida
Jacksonville, Florida
Colbert, Georgia
Valdosta, Georgia
Holualoa, Hawaii
Ankeny, Iowa
Iowa City, Iowa
Baldwin City, Kansas
Lansing, Kansas
Barbourville, Kentucky
Berwick, Maine
Fort George G Meade, Maryland
Lutherville Timonium, Maryland
Worcester, Massachusetts
Cedar Springs, Michigan
Ionia, Michigan
Fredericton, New Brunswick
Albuquerque, New Mexico
Buffalo, New York
Germantown, New York
Kinderhook, New York
Ashland, Oregon
Astoria, Oregon
Klamath Falls, Oregon
Summer Lake, Oregon
Greencastle, Pennsylvania
Lewisburg, Pennsylvania
Columbia, South Carolina
Crossville, Tennessee
Arlington, Texas
Austin, Texas
Burnet, Texas
Desoto, Texas
Fort Worth, Texas
Kurten, Texas
New Caney, Texas
Draper, Utah
West Dummerston, Vermont
Clarkston, Washington
Coupeville, Washington
Kalama, Washington

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