Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Olive Tree
Olea europaea

Family: Oleaceae (oh-lee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Olea (OH-lee-a) (Info)
Species: europaea (yoo-ROH-pay-a) (Info)

2 vendors have this plant for sale.

21 members have or want this plant for trade.

View this plant in a garden


over 40 ft. (12 m)

12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 °C (30 °F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 °C (35 °F)
USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 °C (40 °F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun

Pollen may cause allergic reaction

Bloom Color:
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Mid Summer


Other details:
Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping

Soil pH requirements:
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)
7.9 to 8.5 (alkaline)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
From woody stem cuttings

Seed Collecting:
N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed

Click thumbnail
to view:

By dpmichael
Thumbnail #1 of Olea europaea by dpmichael

By Ulrich
Thumbnail #2 of Olea europaea by Ulrich

By Ulrich
Thumbnail #3 of Olea europaea by Ulrich

By nanciromero
Thumbnail #4 of Olea europaea by nanciromero

By PotEmUp
Thumbnail #5 of Olea europaea by PotEmUp

By philomel
Thumbnail #6 of Olea europaea by philomel

By philomel
Thumbnail #7 of Olea europaea by philomel

There are a total of 40 photos.
Click here to view them all!


4 positives
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive cubas On Oct 7, 2014, cubas from milan
Italy wrote:

hi,this plant growing well, also in north italy ,(usda 8) classical continental climate, with cold winter, hot summer and humidity.
no problem with frozen(-10 celsius).heavy snow(pesantly) can broken branch in little plants .removed snow with a broom.The species more resistant of olea. europeae is ' ghiacciola' ( popside-ice lolly) ,need frozen to make fruits. bye, and excuse my english.

Positive flaxss On Feb 3, 2007, flaxss from kristinastad
Sweden wrote:

i got two Olive Tree here in south sweden , and they thrive here , in winter they get protection , they have seen -15c -13c ( 8,6F 5F ) with only snow as protection . they drop some of there leafs but they regrowe well and recover well in spring . hardy against snow,hail,frost,storms,drought etc.
give water in summer and they will grow well , frost simulate the plant to blossom well

Neutral philomel On Oct 5, 2004, philomel from Castelnau RB Pyrenées
France (Zone 8a) wrote:

It appears that these plants are more tender when young and harden to frost with age. We have two trees growing on a south facing slope here in SW France. We are not in the right area to have a Mediterranean climate, but they have survived a hard frost that cut all the Acacia dealbata to the ground. I don't know the details as this was before we were living here.

Positive timplatts On May 11, 2004, timplatts from vancouver, BC (Zone 8a) wrote:

We've had one of these growing well in a terracotta pot in our Vancouver, BC (Zone 8) garden for three years. This past winter is survived a week long freeze with temperatures down to -13C. and is now growing well. There is a farm on Pender Island between the BC mainland and Vancouver Island that has a large number of olives but at this point the trees are not mature enough to fruit. The main danger in our climate is exessive winter moisture, but I have read they are hardy to 10F.

Positive dpmichael On Dec 3, 2001, dpmichael from Rethymno, Crete
Greece (Zone 10b) wrote:

Densely cultivated since ancient times around the Mediterranean, olive trees still form a basic part of the the landscape, provide the superb oil, give peace for prayer and firewood for the winter. They yield from their 4th year, and they produce a lot even after 5 - 6 centuries.
There are many varieties, and they differ in terms of water needed - light required etc. It is to my surprise, that ancient trees (like the one in the photo) will produce many very tasty olives if pruned, fertilised and watered. THe plants that are more than 5 - 6 years old will survive a very long dry summer without water, but will produce more and grow bigger if watered, of course.
Nowadays olive trees are propagated with cuttings only. The old locals in Crete believe that seed propagation will result in the "wild" olive, a very decorative and hard wood knotty tree, which later needs grafting to produce the desired variety of olives.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Hereford, Arizona
Phoenix, Arizona
Canoga Park, California
Greenbrae, California
La Jolla, California
Mill Valley, California
Newberry Springs, California
Pasadena, California
Stockton, California
Mango, Florida
Henderson, Nevada
Las Vegas, Nevada
Austin, Texas
Liberty, Texas
Rockport, Texas
Seattle, Washington

We recommend Firefox
Overwhelmed? There's a lot to see here. Try starting at our homepage.

[ Home | About | Advertise | Media Kit | Mission | Featured Companies | Submit an Article | Terms of Use | Tour | Rules | Privacy Policy | Contact Us ]

Back to the top

Copyright © 2000-2015 Dave's Garden, an Internet Brands company. All Rights Reserved.

Hope for America