Other details: This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater Self-sows freely; deadhead if you do not want volunteer seedlings next season
Soil pH requirements: 6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic) 6.6 to 7.5 (neutral) 7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)
Patent Information: Non-patented
Propagation Methods: From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall
Seed Collecting: Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds
It is easy to grow from cuttings. In south Florida, it will get fungus (black spots) if it is irrigated too much. After a few months, stem boring insects attack this species, eventually causing death. When holes are seen in the stems, just pull up the plant and allow seeds to sprout. It is a great butterfly plant!
On Aug 18, 2010, Ingi57 from Paramaribo Suriname wrote:
This plant is also growing in Suriname (South America), mostly in the wild along country roads and creeks. The flowers are purple. The plant is used as alternative medicine for various diseases, like dermatitis (as a bath), anaemia (drinked as tea). The local name is "alata tere" - rat's tail. It is also called "isri wiri" - iron weed, because it is believed that drinking the tea will boost the iron value in your blood.
On May 30, 2010, gary1173 from Sugar Land, TX wrote:
I planted this plant in my garden this year, hoping it would attract butterflies. I was very pleased. A vigorous grower, with beautiful purple blooms, and it does indeed attract butterflies. A real gem, I am told it readily re-seeds itself. I am hoping it returns next year.
Update 12/09/10: My porterweed grew to about 8 feet tall, and 5 feet wide, with stems easily over an inch in diameter. More like a tree than a flower, but it is still going strong in December. I pruned it back to about 2 feet, I'm sure it will survive the winter and return next year. I may want to transplant it to the back of my border garden, since I planted it near the front, and it really overshadowed my roses and other perennials.
On Apr 2, 2009, FloridaFlwrGirl from Fort Lauderdale, FL wrote:
Not sure why, but I am having no luck with this beautiful plant. It's struggling along in my garden. Maybe it's still just becoming acclimated, but it has been 2-3 months in the ground and is barely alive. Very sad.
I have always treated this plant as an annual since it hasn't survived winters in North Texas. But it came through this past winter, bloomed all summer, and is attracting Monarchs on their fall journey to Mexico.
On Jul 2, 2008, BloomingFlower from West Palm Beach, FL wrote:
I would like to reiterate what htop said. The only native porterweed is Stachytarpheta jamaicensis, which has blue to purple flowers. There is NO pink or red flowered variety of this native. The species with pink ro read flowers is the exotic Stachytarpheta mutabilis, which is native to South America and NOT Florida!
I have been very please with this plant and it is thriving without any fussing over it. It is a great native plant for any Floridian garden. Thank you for tolerating my above ranting.
On Dec 20, 2007, htop from San Antonio, TX (Zone 8b) wrote:
I have not grown this plant. Porterweed (Stachytarpheta jamaicensis) can be found growing as a native plant in Florida, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands and as a naturalized (intorduced) plant in Hawaii. Having had great difficulty identifying a porterweed because some photos on the internet have been misidentified as well as the descriptions of some types of porterweed can be incorrect, I am adding a portion of an article entitled "Plant Profile: The So-Called Porterweeds". This information is written by Roger Hammer appeared on the Florida Native Plant Society webpage (Copyright 2003-2007 --- Revised July 14, 2006) - Reprinted from The Tillandsia (Miami-Dade Chapter), Jul.-Aug. 1994.
"Plants offered in many Florida nurseries and garden shops are either mislabeled or sold under names with no botanical standing. This adds to the taxonomic confusion surrounding the genus. There is but a single species native, or presumably native, to Florida, and that is Jamaica porterweed, Stachytarpheta jamaicensis, sometimes referred to as "blue porterweed." This is a sub shrub growing to a typical height of only one or two feet with a sprawling or decumbent habit. It often forms a dense mound of stems in cultivation. Leaves are dull, light green or gray-green, although some plants may be entirely blushed with purple. The leaf margins are coarsely serrate and the teeth are generally forward-pointing (towards the leaf tip). The leaves are usually glabrous (smooth) above, but may also be pilose (slightly hairy) on the lower surface, and there are no prominent raised areas between the leaf veins. One to several small, blue flowers are borne on green, quill-like spikes. With each passing day, flowers appear slowly up the stem, but each flower lasts only a single day.
Jamaica porterweed is generally considered to be a Florida native, although some botanists believe that this species arrived in Florida along with early Bahamian settlers who brought seeds of medicinal plants with them. This is a species of roadsides and other disturbed sites, seldom being found in undisturbed native plant communities.
All other species of the genus found in Florida are clearly exotic. The most prominent species that is fast becoming established as an escaped exotic in southern and central Florida is Stachytarpheta urticifolia (or S. urticaefoli). This a four- to six-foot woody shrub with violet to purple flowers that, like the flowers of S. jamaicensis, only last a single day. A flowering specimen is quite attractive and is an excellent butterfly attractor. There is a highly-prized white-flowered form (forma albiflora) cultivated on Guadaloupe and Martinique in the Lesser Antilles. Leaves are dark green, somewhat glossy, with acute, marginal teeth that are more numerous and outward-pointing with S. jamaicensis. When comparing these two species, look closely at the leaves and growth habit. The leaves of S. urticifolia have distinct raised areas between the leaf veins, giving the leaf a quilted (bullate) appearance. Growth habits are entirely different; S. jamaicensis is always low and sprawling, while S. urticifolia forms an upright woody shrub with a distinct trunk. S. urticifolia is native to tropical Asia."
On Sep 29, 2006, crowellli from Houston, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:
This is my new "favorite" plant. I have it planted in a deep foundation bed. It is backed by loripetalum and mixed with pink pentas and it makes a loverly bed. It has bloomed for months with no problems.
On Sep 27, 2005, rwsherlock from North Port, FL (Zone 9b) wrote:
Great plant to have in your butterfly garden. The red variety will attract the most butterflies and moths. I have seen skippers, viceroys, Monarchs, Queens and many others attracted to the red porterweed while passing by other known butterfly flowers..
On Aug 2, 2004, ReggieattheGulf from Englewood, FL (Zone 10b) wrote:
Porterweed grows just like a weed but it a wild flower in Florida. I have 28 plants in a bed which is ten feet in diameter. This mass looks powerful and I have many wild visitors. The Gulf Fertlllary and Long Tailed Skipper are constantly supping nectar. Also bees and flies. I cut this to the ground in January each year for energy and new growth.
On Aug 31, 2002, ADKSpirit from Lake Placid, NY (Zone 4a) wrote:
The Porter Weed is pretty much a "weed" here in Florida, but it is sold in nurseries as an ornamental shrub for butterfly gardens. It has small, deep blue flowers that attract bumblebees and butterflies. (There is a pink variety too.) They are grown in parks and naturalized areas, and for the homeowner's garden they do well as back-of-the-border shrubs. They self seed at will. I'll find little seedlings growing 100 - 200 feet away from the parent plant. These seedlings can be dug up and planted elsewhere.
On May 14, 2002, seanpmi from Hollywood, FL wrote:
When the flowers fall from the plant to the soil, there is a good probability that other plants will grow. When the plant is about an inch tall or more, you can carefully dig up the plant with its entire root structure and can transplant it. Have even tranplanted a plant over two feet tall. It died, but upon leaving it and continually watering it daily over a period of two months it has now resumed producing leaves and flowers.
On Dec 20, 2001, Floridian from Lutz, FL (Zone 9b) wrote:
A Florida native, Porterweed is a low, sprawling shrub with a subtle beauty. It's a fairly long-lived, semi-woody perennial that should live at least four years. It reseeds after it becomes established, but is not a pest. Flowers open in the morning, and close in the late afternoon. They bloom year round. Porterweed grows to be 3-4' and flowers are purple, salmon –pink or red. A must for your butterfly garden as this plant is usually alive with bees and all types of butterflies.
This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:
Bartow, Florida Beverly Hills, Florida Big Pine Key, Florida Boca Raton, Florida Campbell, Florida Dunedin, Florida Edgewater, Florida Fort Myers, Florida Fruitville, Florida Gainesville, Florida Golden Lakes, Florida Grove City, Florida Inwood, Florida Jacksonville, Florida Kendall, Florida Keystone Heights, Florida Labelle, Florida Lake Worth, Florida Lake Worth Corridor, Florida Macgregor, Florida Margate, Florida Melbourne Beach, Florida Melrose Park, Florida Miramar Beach, Florida Mulberry, Florida Ocala, Florida Ocoee, Florida Oldsmar, Florida (2 reports) Pembroke Pines, Florida Port Saint Lucie, Florida Saint Augustine, Florida South Venice, Florida Spring Hill, Florida St Petersburg, Florida Tampa, Florida Trenton, Florida Valparaiso, Florida Warm Mineral Springs, Florida Woodstock, Georgia Honolulu, Hawaii Hebron, Kentucky New Orleans, Louisiana Zachary, Louisiana Saint George, South Carolina Bear Creek, Texas Dallas, Texas Fulton, Texas Houston, Texas (3 reports) Liberty Hill, Texas Sugar Land, Texas (2 reports)