Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Blackhaw Viburnum
Viburnum prunifolium

Family: Adoxaceae (a-dox-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Viburnum (vy-BUR-num) (Info)
Species: prunifolium (proo-ni-FOH-lee-um) (Info)

3 vendors have this plant for sale.

12 members have or want this plant for trade.


12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)
15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)

12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)
15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)

USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)
USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)
USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Sun to Partial Shade
Light Shade
Partial to Full Shade


Bloom Color:
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Late Spring/Early Summer

Good Fall Color

Other details:
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
From softwood cuttings
From semi-hardwood cuttings
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall
From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse
From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

Seed Collecting:
Remove fleshy coating on seeds before storing
Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored

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By Copperbaron
Thumbnail #1 of Viburnum prunifolium by Copperbaron

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There are a total of 19 photos.
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1 positive
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive Rickwebb On Jan 6, 2014, Rickwebb from Downingtown, PA wrote:

It is a handsome small, shrubby tree that I have seen wild in the woodlands of southeast PA in some spots in part shade .
It has handsome shiny foliage of rounded leaves that usually color good in autumn, usually red. It forms a wide habit with stiff branching that has some sharp woody spurs; thus, often called Blackhaw, sort of like a hawthorn. It bears typical flattish white clusters of viburnum flowers in May that bear blue-black fruit in late summer and early autumn that is loved by birds. It is sold by a good number of large nurseries, but it is only planted occassionally, mostly by landscape architects, as the general public does not know this tree. Nannyberry Viburnum is very similar, but the later has much bigger leaves, grows upright arching, and does not have the stiff branching with woody spurs.

Neutral Copperbaron On Jan 27, 2002, Copperbaron from Vicksburg, MS (Zone 8a) wrote:

Native from Connecticut down to Florida and west to Texas, this medium sized (15' tall, 8'-12' wide) deciduous shrub has a rounded crown with stiff branches that can be trained as a small tree. The common name comes from the dark fruit and the plant's resemblance to hawthorn. Flat topped clusters of white flowers to 4" across are showy in spring followed by blue-black, edible fruit that start out pink and mature to black and reddish purple foliage in the fall.

This is very easy to grow in full sun to partial shade, is easily transplanted, and easily adapts to different soils. It can be used as a screen, a specimen, in mass plantings, and to attract birds. It has no serious insect or disease problems. If you have read the other viburnum descriptions, you may be starting to realize why I think this genus is so outstanding. They can be propogated from seed.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Hinsdale, Illinois
Avon, Indiana
Fort Wayne, Indiana
Pacific Junction, Iowa
Princeton, Kansas
Clermont, Kentucky
Georgetown, Kentucky
Lexington, Kentucky
Louisville, Kentucky
Nicholasville, Kentucky
Valley Lee, Maryland
Madison, Mississippi
Frenchtown, New Jersey
Elba, New York
Hendersonville, North Carolina
Highlands, North Carolina
Springboro, Ohio
Allentown, Pennsylvania
Morrisville, Pennsylvania
West Chester, Pennsylvania
Belton, Texas
Middleburg, Virginia

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