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PlantFiles: Yellow Buckeye
Aesculus flava

Family: Sapindaceae (sap-in-DAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Aesculus (ES-kew-lus) (Info)
Species: flava (FLA-vuh) (Info)

Synonym:Aesculus octandra
Synonym:Aesculus octandra var. vestita
Synonym:Aesculus octandra var. virginica

One vendor has this plant for sale.

4 members have or want this plant for trade.


over 40 ft. (12 m)

20-30 ft. (6-9 m)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Sun Exposure:
Sun to Partial Shade

Seed is poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:
Gold (Yellow-Orange)
Bright Yellow

Bloom Time:
Late Spring/Early Summer


Other details:
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
From herbaceous stem cuttings
From woody stem cuttings
From softwood cuttings
From semi-hardwood cuttings
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall
From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse
From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

Seed Collecting:
Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds
Remove fleshy coating on seeds before storing

Click thumbnail
to view:

By Decumbent
Thumbnail #1 of Aesculus flava by Decumbent

By ViburnumValley
Thumbnail #2 of Aesculus flava by ViburnumValley

By ViburnumValley
Thumbnail #3 of Aesculus flava by ViburnumValley

By ViburnumValley
Thumbnail #4 of Aesculus flava by ViburnumValley

By ViburnumValley
Thumbnail #5 of Aesculus flava by ViburnumValley

By Decumbent
Thumbnail #6 of Aesculus flava by Decumbent

By ViburnumValley
Thumbnail #7 of Aesculus flava by ViburnumValley

There are a total of 27 photos.
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2 positives
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive Decumbent On Oct 31, 2006, Decumbent from Cincinnati, OH (Zone 6b) wrote:

This is easily the most ornamental of all the large buckeyes for use in the United States. The foliage largely remains clean of the foliar diseases that make a shambles of Ohio Buckeye, European Horse Chestnut, and others. On many trees, good fall color can be expected.

Positive melody On Nov 12, 2004, melody from Benton, KY (Zone 7a) wrote:

A tree usually found in mature woods, this Buckeye is unique because the outer husk is smooth ,rather than thorny.

It can get quite large and has been recorded at heights at 90' or more.

The yellow flowers grow in clusters that are from 4" to 7" long and appear in May to June. The mature fruits are ready by Sept-Oct.

Unlike the other Buckeyes, the smooth fruits are eaten by cattle and hogs. They are also said to make an exellent paste when powdered and mixed with water.

The wood is light and tough.

Neutral activex On Feb 2, 2002, activex wrote:

The most widely know buckeye in North America is the Eurasian Horsechestnut. The most common species found in the Appalachian region is the Yellow Buckeye (Aesculus octandra). The Ohio Buckeye (Aesculus glabra), also know as Stinking Buckeye, can be found throughout western West Virginia to North East Texas.

Distinguishing between the Ohio Buckeye and Yellow Buckeye can be done very easily by comparing their fruit. The Yellow Buckeye's fruit (Pictured here) is smooth, and the Ohio Buckeye's fruit is spiny and prickly.

What to look for: Leaves palmately compound with 5 elliptical leaflets. Flowers yellow, fruits with smooth husks and shiny round fruit.

Habitat: Old growth forests, bottom lands and stream banks.

Size: 40-60 feet tall. Leaves 7-10 inches wide.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Eatonton, Georgia
Gay, Georgia
Benton, Kentucky
Clermont, Kentucky
Georgetown, Kentucky
Lexington, Kentucky
Louisville, Kentucky
Leakesville, Mississippi
Cincinnati, Ohio
Glouster, Ohio
Media, Pennsylvania
Cambridge, Wisconsin

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