Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Horned Pansy, Horned Violet
Viola cornuta

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Family: Violaceae (vy-oh-LAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Viola (vy-OH-la) (Info)
Species: cornuta (kor-NOO-tuh) (Info)

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6 members have or want this plant for trade.

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Category:
Perennials

Height:
under 6 in. (15 cm)
6-12 in. (15-30 cm)

Spacing:
15-18 in. (38-45 cm)
18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

Hardiness:
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:
Sun to Partial Shade
Light Shade

Danger:
Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:
Blue-Violet
Violet/Lavender
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Mid Spring
Late Spring/Early Summer
Mid Summer

Foliage:
Evergreen
Smooth-Textured

Other details:
Flowers are fragrant
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings
Self-sows freely; deadhead if you do not want volunteer seedlings next season

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
By dividing the rootball
From softwood cuttings
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall
From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse
From seed; sow indoors before last frost
From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:
Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds
Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored

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to view:

By Galanthophile
Thumbnail #1 of Viola cornuta by Galanthophile

By Galanthophile
Thumbnail #2 of Viola cornuta by Galanthophile

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Thumbnail #3 of Viola cornuta by Galanthophile

By Kell
Thumbnail #4 of Viola cornuta by Kell

By Kell
Thumbnail #5 of Viola cornuta by Kell

Profile:

No positives
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

RatingAuthorContent
Neutral ViolaMike On Feb 1, 2003, ViolaMike from Polis
Cyprus wrote:

V. cornuta is native to the Pyrenees. It naturally occurs as a bluish coloured flower, though white forms are sometimes seen. White forms and diminutive forms have been selected into commerce, and various forms of V. cornuta have been used in hybridizing.

Characteristically, the species has a long spur to the flower (hence the name), petals somewhat separated, and leaves and stipules much less elongate than in V. tricolor and other pansy-relatives. These traits can still be seen in hybrids where the cornuta influence is strong. What you can't tell from any photo, is that V. cornuta, and some of its hybrids, are very nicely scented - whereas most pansies are not.

Regional...

This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Seward, Alaska
Auburn, New Hampshire
Massillon, Ohio
San Antonio, Texas



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