Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Pansy
Viola x wittrockiana

Family: Violaceae (vy-oh-LAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Viola (vy-OH-la) (Info)
Species: x wittrockiana (wit-rok-ee-AH-na) (Info)

13 members have or want this plant for trade.

View this plant in a garden

Tropicals and Tender Perennials

under 6 in. (15 cm)
6-12 in. (15-30 cm)

6-9 in. (15-22 cm)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Sun to Partial Shade


Bloom Color:
Scarlet (Dark Red)
Pale Yellow
Light Blue
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Blooms repeatedly


Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
Self-sows freely; deadhead if you do not want volunteer seedlings next season
Suitable for growing in containers

Soil pH requirements:
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
By dividing the rootball
From herbaceous stem cuttings
From seed; sow indoors before last frost
From seed; direct sow after last frost
By stooling or mound layering

Seed Collecting:
Bag seedheads to capture ripening seed
Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds
Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored

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By Chamma
Thumbnail #1 of Viola x wittrockiana by Chamma

By noxiousweed
Thumbnail #2 of Viola x wittrockiana by noxiousweed

By keely
Thumbnail #3 of Viola x wittrockiana by keely

By CoyoteSpirit
Thumbnail #4 of Viola x wittrockiana by CoyoteSpirit

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Thumbnail #5 of Viola x wittrockiana by vince

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Thumbnail #6 of Viola x wittrockiana by carolann

By Floridian
Thumbnail #7 of Viola x wittrockiana by Floridian

There are a total of 24 photos.
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3 positives
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive AngelaGC On Oct 15, 2006, AngelaGC from Fort Worth, TX wrote:

Plant these guys as soon as the weather here in Texas starts to cool in October and you will have flowers throughout the winter. The only reason you pull them out of the garden is to replace them with your spring/summer annuals.

Positive VeganGurl20 On Jan 5, 2004, VeganGurl20 from Tulsa, OK wrote:

These flowers are everywhere here in Oklahoma in the winter time. They are beautiful, easy to keep, and add some refreshing color in the midst of winter.

Positive noxiousweed On Nov 12, 2003, noxiousweed from El Sobrante, CA (Zone 9b) wrote:

Pansies are a cool weather plant here, but many of mine muddle through the summer. As fond of the pansy as I am, I have decided not to collect and sow seeds from them anymore ... they take too long to bloom, germination isn't that great, and survival rate of my seedlings is even worse.

I will continue to welcome them into my garden - as volunteers, or purchased in 6-packs!

Neutral Baa On May 29, 2002, Baa wrote:

The Pansy is a result of cross breeding between various Viola species.

Evergreen perennials which are usually grown as annuals and biennials they give rise to a number of colours, cultivars and sizes.

Has mid-dark green, lobed leaves. Bears large (2-4inch across) flowers with overlapping petals and short spurs. Some have a faint scent.

Main flowering is May-September but some cultivars have been bred to flower (if sown early enough) during winter and Spring, there are few months you cannot find a Pansy in flower in England! The Winter and Spring flowering cultivars tend to have smaller flowers than the Summer bloomers. To keep them flowering, dead head the old flowers or they will put all their effort into producing seeds.

Likes a well drained but moist, moderately fertile soil in full sun or partial shade. Some Pansy flowers will suffer a colour fade in full sun.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Fairhope, Alabama
El Sobrante, California
Elk Grove, California
Murrieta, California
Keystone Heights, Florida
Lakeland, Florida
Pensacola, Florida
Atlanta, Georgia
Brunswick, Georgia
Buford, Georgia
Westchester, Illinois
Gretna, Louisiana
Crofton, Maryland
Rockville, Maryland
Boston, Massachusetts
Eastpointe, Michigan
Harper Woods, Michigan
Mason, Michigan
Pinconning, Michigan
Blue Springs, Missouri
Franklin, New Hampshire
Albuquerque, New Mexico
Cicero, New York
Charlotte, North Carolina
Wake Forest, North Carolina
Williamsburg, Ohio
Tulsa, Oklahoma
North Bend, Oregon
White City, Oregon
Vandergrift, Pennsylvania
Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania
Inman, South Carolina
Leesville, South Carolina
Lafayette, Tennessee
Deer Park, Texas
Flower Mound, Texas
Fort Worth, Texas
Houston, Texas
Mc Kinney, Texas
San Antonio, Texas
Manassas, Virginia
Kalama, Washington
Olympia, Washington
Tacoma, Washington
Liberty, West Virginia
Ellsworth, Wisconsin
Gleason, Wisconsin
Green Bay, Wisconsin

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