Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Narrow-Leaf Zinnia
Zinnia angustifolia

Family: Asteraceae (ass-ter-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Zinnia (ZIN-ya) (Info)
Species: angustifolia (an-gus-tee-FOH-lee-uh) (Info)

Synonym:Zinnia linearis

One vendor has this plant for sale.

5 members have or want this plant for trade.


12-18 in. (30-45 cm)

6-9 in. (15-22 cm)

Not Applicable

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:
Gold (Yellow-Orange)
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Late Spring/Early Summer
Mid Summer
Late Summer/Early Fall
Mid Fall


Other details:
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
This plant is suitable for growing indoors
Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
From seed; sow indoors before last frost
From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:
Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds
Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored

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6 positives
2 neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive coriaceous On Mar 24, 2015, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

These are great performers here---tough, easy, and adaptable. Bloom is prolific and continuous from June to frost. Flowers are smaller individually than with the more common Z. elegans, but they make up for it with sheer numbers of flowers. They add much color to border edges.

I also prefer the slender, elegant foliage to the coarse, decidedly inelegant leaves of Z. elegans.

Unlike Z. elegans, this species has no serious pest or disease issues. It has excellent resistance to powdery mildew and fungal leaf spots. And unlike Z. elegans, deadheading and staking are unnecessary.

The wild Mexican species has orange flowers, but strains have been developed with white, yellow, orange, and red flowers.

Seeds can be hard to find. I find it helpful to search for them under all 3 synonyms I know: Z. angustifolia, Z. haageana, and Z. linearis. They seem to be most often listed as Z. linearis.

If starting indoors, begin 4-6 weeks before last frost. Warm soil is needed for germination. If direct planting, allow 8 weeks from seed to bloom. Slight drought stress is said to increase flower production.

Positive Jan_in_NJ On Mar 24, 2015, Jan_in_NJ from Westville, NJ (Zone 7a) wrote:

I have grown white z. augustifolia for years. Last year it grew well in a new wetter garden. I like it because it is self cleaning and neat.
Very hard to find seed now: a narrow leaf zinnia is currently for sale at Walmart labeled "Zinnia Classic Mixed Colors."
Naming seems uncertain to me. I see z. linearis, z. gregii, z.haageana. And the plant looks very similar melampodium, so I always thought any yellow/orange blooms like this were melampodium.
It works well in both formal and "wild" beds.

Positive drdavis On Jan 17, 2010, drdavis from Athens, GA wrote:

These perform beautifully during even the hottest, dryest GA summers. They are loaded with flowers, and last until hard freeze. However, it is very hard to locate either plants or seeds. I did find seeds in Target once. Since I didn't grow them last summer, I am on the lookout for seeds.

Positive magpie38 On Mar 28, 2009, magpie38 from Houston, TX wrote:

Great performers in all kinds of part-sun conditions. I have these planted all over my yard here in Houston.

Positive kviolette On Jan 1, 2006, kviolette from Raleigh, NC (Zone 8a) wrote:

Extremely easy to grow plant with bright flowers and needing little supplemental water, even during the recent (2005) late summer/fall drought here in Raleigh NC. Blooms pretty much continuously for me with no dead heading. Tolerates, even embraces heat, humidity and drought with beauty and grace. Self-sows but is late to sprout in the spring since this plant, like most zinnias, likes warm soil. Did not notice any powdery mildew this year but the dry weather was not a tough test.

Beautiful mounding shape and small stature makes this a nice edging/front-of-the-border plant.

Truely a terrific summer annual. Love it!


Neutral darylmitchell On Sep 3, 2005, darylmitchell from Saskatoon, SK (Zone 3a) wrote:

These zinnias are moderately drought tolerant and provide some bright colour to a hot or windy site. Deadheading can help promote new blossoms. If conditions are windy they may lean, which might not look attractive.

Positive rcn48 On Nov 10, 2004, rcn48 from Lexington, VA (Zone 6a) wrote:

Planted in full sun, will bloom profusely until frost. Love its clear white flowers and short stature in the garden!

Neutral poppysue On Aug 11, 2001, poppysue from Westbrook, ME (Zone 5a) wrote:

A bushy zinnia with small, narrow foliage growing only 12-inches tall. The simple daisy-like flowers are only 1-inch wide in orange, gold, red or white. Plants will bloom profusely all summer if spent flowers are removed occasionally.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Auburn, Alabama
Strawberry, Arkansas
Athens, Georgia
Abita Springs, Louisiana
West Monroe, Louisiana
Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts
Greensboro, North Carolina
Raleigh, North Carolina
Lima, Ohio
Anderson, South Carolina
Austin, Texas
Conroe, Texas
Fort Worth, Texas
Houston, Texas (2 reports)
Lewisville, Texas
Liberty Hill, Texas
Rowlett, Texas
San Antonio, Texas
Lexington, Virginia
Springfield, Virginia

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