Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Japanese Red Pine
Pinus densiflora 'Oculus-Draconis'

Family: Pinaceae (py-NAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Pinus (PY-nus) (Info)
Species: densiflora (den-see-FLOR-uh) (Info)
Cultivar: Oculus-Draconis
Additional cultivar information: (aka Dragon Eye, Oculis Draconis)

Synonym:Pinus koraiensis
Synonym:Pinus thunbergii

One vendor has this plant for sale.

4 members have or want this plant for trade.


30-40 ft. (9-12 m)

15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)
20-30 ft. (6-9 m)

USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)
USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun

Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested
Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction

Bloom Color:

Bloom Time:

Grown for foliage

Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
By grafting

Seed Collecting:
N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed

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3 positives
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Neutral Sequoiadendron4 On Mar 25, 2015, Sequoiadendron4 from Lititz, PA (Zone 6b) wrote:

I'm not a super big fan of the specimen we have. It was planted summer of '12 and did fine that summer. The next year it grew great but we had a drought late in the summer and I didn't start watering it until the needles showed signs of stress, I guess that was my bad but it lost a lot of needles and barely made it. That winter was terrible harsh and burned out some more needles and it lost the leader. Spring of '14 it put on some new growth and hung in there but was otherwise unremarkable. This winter has some of the needles burning out again and I'm really questioning the hardiness of zone 3. For me, it seems like it's barely hardy in zone 6 and it's not in an over exposed location either. It's a shame I've had so much trouble with it because it could be a very nice plant. My patience is wearing thin and it has this season to straighten up or it might get edited in favor of something more durable.

Positive Nanthawat On Mar 6, 2015, Nanthawat from Portland, OR wrote:

Easy container plant.

Positive catcollins On Jan 19, 2009, catcollins from West Friendship, MD (Zone 6b) wrote:

We waited 3 years to find the right specimen of this plant. They are infrequently offered here, and usually have very contorted trunks. We wanted a tall tree (eventually), not an ornamental garden accent. We finally found the right specimen with a nearly perfectly straight trunk. Three years later, it is doing fine, growing steadily upward, and filling in nicely.

New needles do not show the variegation. It appears during summer in full sun - dark green with bands of yellow.

Positive sl On May 20, 2002, sl wrote:

Striking as short or tall specimen. Needles are banded yellow and green. Hardy. Little care. Striking appearance.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Tuscaloosa, Alabama
West Friendship, Maryland
Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts
Hendersonville, North Carolina
Saluda, North Carolina
Cincinnati, Ohio
Cleveland, Ohio
Galena, Ohio
Portland, Oregon
Lexington, Virginia

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