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PlantFiles: Prairie Trillium, Red Trillium, Bloody Butcher, Brown Bess, Wake-Robin
Trillium recurvatum

Family: Trilliaceae
Genus: Trillium (TRIL-ee-um) (Info)
Species: recurvatum (rek-er-VAY-tum) (Info)

2 vendors have this plant for sale.

13 members have or want this plant for trade.


6-12 in. (15-30 cm)

6-9 in. (15-22 cm)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Sun Exposure:
Light Shade

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:
Maroon (Purple-Brown)

Bloom Time:
Mid Spring
Late Spring/Early Summer

Grown for foliage

Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
This plant may be considered a protected species; check before digging or gathering seeds

Soil pH requirements:
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

Seed Collecting:
Bag seedheads to capture ripening seed
Seed does not store well; sow as soon as possible

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By Tiarella
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By Equilibrium
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By Equilibrium
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There are a total of 16 photos.
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3 positives
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive hermioneann On May 31, 2012, hermioneann from Indianapolis, IN (Zone 6a) wrote:

I have not yet tried to cultivate these myself but they thrive in the woods behind my house; a testament to just how hardy they can be in this area as they receive no attention at all.

Neutral macybee On Nov 23, 2007, macybee from Deer Park, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

It is easily identified with it's petiolate leaves, recurved sepals and relatively short petals. It has a similar color range to T lancifloium, although is normally a brownish-maroon to red-maroon. It has a very wide range for a sessile trillium and can be quite variable in size, petal color and leaf marking.

Positive Malus2006 On Mar 14, 2006, Malus2006 from Coon Rapids, MN (Zone 4a) wrote:

This is a very thriving plant with interesting foliage for those who can't grow most of the southern species. It is rated to zone 4a hardy. I had no trouble with it, except for its slow spreading rate. I wish there are better words than "Prairie Trillium" since that makes people think it grows in full sun, not in woodland. It grows in neutral to slightly alkaline soil in woodland shade in sandy soil. It have smaller petals than the other sessile species that grows in zone 4.

Positive thehumblebumble On Aug 9, 2004, thehumblebumble from Heber Springs, AR (Zone 7b) wrote:

One of my all time favorite spring bloomers. Loves a moist soil but not standing water. Full shade to light shade. Spreads slowly. Likes a lot of composted soil.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Anniston, Alabama
Birmingham, Alabama
Heber Springs, Arkansas
Berkeley, California
Atlanta, Georgia
Tunnel Hill, Georgia
Machesney Park, Illinois
Mount Prospect, Illinois
Plainfield, Illinois
Quincy, Illinois
Rockford, Illinois
Streamwood, Illinois
Anderson, Indiana
Indianapolis, Indiana
Melbourne, Kentucky
Coushatta, Louisiana
East Brookfield, Massachusetts
Pinconning, Michigan
Minneapolis, Minnesota
Summertown, Tennessee
Chimacum, Washington
Franklin, Wisconsin

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