Wild Geranium, Spotted Geranium
Geranium maculatum

Family: Geraniaceae (jer-ay-nee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Geranium (jer-AY-nee-um) (Info)
Species: maculatum (mak-yuh-LAH-tum) (Info)
» View all varieties of Hardy Geraniums
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Category:

Herbs

Perennials

Height:

12-18 in. (30-45 cm)

Spacing:

18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

Hardiness:

USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)

USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade

Danger:

N/A

Bloom Color:

Pale Pink

Pink

Rose/Mauve

Violet/Lavender

Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer

Mid Summer

Foliage:

Herbaceous

Other details:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

This plant is resistant to deer

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:

Non-patented

Propagation Methods:

By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

Seed Collecting:

Bag seedheads to capture ripening seed

Regional

This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Auburn, Alabama

Houston, Alabama

Vandiver, Alabama

Morrilton, Arkansas

Carlotta, California

Black Hawk, Colorado

Amston, Connecticut

Washington, Connecticut

Barnesville, Georgia

Urbana, Illinois

Geneva, Indiana

Hobart, Indiana

Macy, Indiana

Warren, Indiana

Waterloo, Iowa

Shawnee Mission, Kansas

Louisville, Kentucky

Jay, Maine

Cumberland, Maryland

Jefferson, Maryland

Oakland, Maryland

Roslindale, Massachusetts

Erie, Michigan

Midland, Michigan

Pinconning, Michigan

Royal Oak, Michigan

Saginaw, Michigan

Sanford, Michigan

Braham, Minnesota

Minneapolis, Minnesota

Elsberry, Missouri

Piedmont, Missouri

Greenville, New Hampshire

Lancaster, New Hampshire

Chester, New Jersey

Metuchen, New Jersey

Neptune, New Jersey

Greene, New York

Nineveh, New York

Syracuse, New York

Tonawanda, New York

Elizabeth City, North Carolina

Raleigh, North Carolina (2 reports)

Belfield, North Dakota

Dundee, Ohio

Glouster, Ohio

Carnegie, Oklahoma

Enid, Oklahoma

Sherwood, Oregon

Coopersburg, Pennsylvania

Hummelstown, Pennsylvania

Lansdowne, Pennsylvania

Millersburg, Pennsylvania

Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania

Viola, Tennessee

Leesburg, Virginia

Elma, Washington

Kirkland, Washington

Port Angeles, Washington

Great Cacapon, West Virginia

Grantsburg, Wisconsin

Marinette, Wisconsin

Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Spooner, Wisconsin

show all

Gardeners' Notes:

9
positives
2
neutrals
0
negatives
RatingContent
Positive

On Mar 1, 2014, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

A pretty woodland perennial, native to eastern North America, blooming for a couple of weeks in late spring. I remember this from the woods near my home as a child, and it still delights me when I see it in woodlands today.

This is one of the few geraniums that will do well in the shade. Upright in habit and self-supporting, generally about 18" tall. Very easy and reliable, requiring no maintenance. Usually goes dormant in summer/fall if conditions are uncongenially dry, only to return the next spring no worse for the wear. Best in dappled shade with moist, well-drained soil, but it's highly adaptable. Tolerates full sun.

Easily transplanted---I usually chop off all the topgrowth and lift the branching woody rhizome (5-10 mm thick) if I want to move a plant. P... read more

Positive

On Dec 29, 2012, CrowMeris from Greene, NY wrote:

Hardy, reliable little plants that ask virtually nothing of the gardener but a drink during really hot dry spells.
They will spread, but not aggressively - very easy to keep under control. Mine live happily in shade along with native ferns at the woodland edge.

Positive

On May 20, 2010, wiskis from Milwaukee, WI wrote:

I have a large patch of wild geraniums that I would like to move to another place in my yard. Two questions I have are how well does is transport and if I put down weedblock will that prevent it from spreading? I want it to spread to fill in the space but don't want the dandelions or creeping charlie that are lurking nearby. Thanks!

Positive

On Jun 2, 2008, Malus2006 from Coon Rapids, MN (Zone 4a) wrote:

One of the most shade tolerant geranium you can find anywhere - this native of the Eastern United States will bloom and thrive in woodland shade but will become more vigorous in more sun. Espresso is a maroon leaf variety of this species.

Positive

On May 29, 2008, minnasnowtan from Braham, MN (Zone 3b) wrote:

My daughter discovered a small cluster of these growing on the lot we were clearing to build our house on. She thought they were lovely (as did I) and transplanted them to a "safe area." That was in 2005. They are growing very well and I have never regretted saving them from the backhoe. They are a favorite of everyone in the family.
These are great native plants that ask nothing of the grower other than a somewhat shadey place to live. I had actually planned to find some to plant here before we found them growing amid weeds, brush, and several decades worth of total neglect. The conditions in which we found them are a testimony to their hardiness! What a wonderful "housewarming gift" they have been!

Positive

On Apr 27, 2008, outdoorlover from Enid, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

Just now discovered the name of this plant. I planted it last year and forgot about it. It did not do very well last year, kind of died out. However, this spring, they are beautiful! It looks a whole lot like woodland phlox. The other posts are accurate about this plant. I'm going to try to propagate it.

Neutral

On May 21, 2007, flakeygardener from Montreal, QC (Zone 5a) wrote:

Montreal, Quebec (Zone 5a)

A few years ago I planted 2 cuttings, which I thought were dead. The first year one produced about 5 leaves and one bloom. The other produced 2 leaves and no bloom. Two years later, after a beautiful sunny spring, both plants were over a foot in diameter and covered in blooms! But last spring we had 11 straight days of rain and both plants were small and their leaves rusty. There was only a single bloom between the two plants.

There is no sign of either plant this year and I am heartbroken. Judging by my other plants, the geraniums would be almost ready to bloom by now.

Also, my sister grows these in Zone 4b further east and north of me.

Positive

On Nov 24, 2005, bonniewong from edmonton
Canada wrote:

Beautiful foliage with substance, not floppy or trailing. Easily propagated by division or basal cuttings from the crown. A great geranium for the front of the border

Neutral

On Aug 30, 2004, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

Wild Geranium or Spotted Geranium forms large clumps 12 to 24 inches tall covered with delicate 1.5 inch rosy-lavender to soft pink flowers. Wild Geranium is a favorite in the wild garden due to its attractive foliage and flowers that require little or no maintenance and is spectacular as a mass in an open woodland, perfect for the border of a shade garden, or naturalized in sweeps at the base of large trees. Wild Geranium prefers moist, humus-rich, well-drained soil and high open shade and accepts sunny conditions with moisture but will go dormant in drought conditions.

Positive

On Jun 2, 2004, OhioBreezy from Dundee, OH (Zone 5b) wrote:

Here in Ohio, we have tons of these that grow wild, mostly the pink variety, years ago I acquired this lovely near dark purple colored one and have now about 6 plants around my yard, they grow wonderfully with no care, and a such a delight in the garden.

Positive

On Apr 15, 2003, lgsherk from Vandiver, AL (Zone 7a) wrote:

The Cranesbill Geranium is native to Alabama and I am sure to several other southeastern states. It is a lovely spring
bloomer and needs little attention.
Linda in Alabama