Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Wild Geranium, Spotted Geranium
Geranium maculatum

Family: Geraniaceae (jer-ay-nee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Geranium (jer-AY-nee-um) (Info)
Species: maculatum (mak-yuh-LAH-tum) (Info)

» View all varieties of Hardy Geraniums

9 vendors have this plant for sale.

43 members have or want this plant for trade.

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12-18 in. (30-45 cm)

18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)
USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)
USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Sun Exposure:
Sun to Partial Shade


Bloom Color:
Pale Pink

Bloom Time:
Late Spring/Early Summer
Mid Summer


Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
This plant is resistant to deer

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall
From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse
From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

Seed Collecting:
Bag seedheads to capture ripening seed

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There are a total of 19 photos.
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9 positives
2 neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive coriaceous On Mar 1, 2014, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

A pretty woodland perennial, native to eastern North America, blooming for a couple of weeks in late spring. I remember this from the woods near my home as a child, and it still delights me when I see it in woodlands today.

This is one of the few geraniums that will do well in the shade. Upright in habit and self-supporting, generally about 18" tall. Very easy and reliable, requiring no maintenance. Usually goes dormant in summer/fall if conditions are uncongenially dry, only to return the next spring no worse for the wear. Best in dappled shade with moist, well-drained soil, but it's highly adaptable. Tolerates full sun.

Easily transplanted---I usually chop off all the topgrowth and lift the branching woody rhizome (5-10 mm thick) if I want to move a plant. Propagate by seed or by dividing the rhizome in fall or early spring. I find this often self-sows lightly but not weedily.

The roots were traditionally used medicinally as an astringent, for toothache or hemorrhoids.

A good plant for a large woodland garden. I just wish it bloomed longer.

Positive CrowMeris On Dec 29, 2012, CrowMeris from Greene, NY wrote:

Hardy, reliable little plants that ask virtually nothing of the gardener but a drink during really hot dry spells.
They will spread, but not aggressively - very easy to keep under control. Mine live happily in shade along with native ferns at the woodland edge.

Positive wiskis On May 20, 2010, wiskis from Milwaukee, WI wrote:

I have a large patch of wild geraniums that I would like to move to another place in my yard. Two questions I have are how well does is transport and if I put down weedblock will that prevent it from spreading? I want it to spread to fill in the space but don't want the dandelions or creeping charlie that are lurking nearby. Thanks!

Positive Malus2006 On Jun 2, 2008, Malus2006 from Coon Rapids, MN (Zone 4a) wrote:

One of the most shade tolerant geranium you can find anywhere - this native of the Eastern United States will bloom and thrive in woodland shade but will become more vigorous in more sun. Espresso is a maroon leaf variety of this species.

Positive minnasnowtan On May 29, 2008, minnasnowtan from Braham, MN (Zone 3b) wrote:

My daughter discovered a small cluster of these growing on the lot we were clearing to build our house on. She thought they were lovely (as did I) and transplanted them to a "safe area." That was in 2005. They are growing very well and I have never regretted saving them from the backhoe. They are a favorite of everyone in the family.
These are great native plants that ask nothing of the grower other than a somewhat shadey place to live. I had actually planned to find some to plant here before we found them growing amid weeds, brush, and several decades worth of total neglect. The conditions in which we found them are a testimony to their hardiness! What a wonderful "housewarming gift" they have been!

Positive outdoorlover On Apr 27, 2008, outdoorlover from Enid, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

Just now discovered the name of this plant. I planted it last year and forgot about it. It did not do very well last year, kind of died out. However, this spring, they are beautiful! It looks a whole lot like woodland phlox. The other posts are accurate about this plant. I'm going to try to propagate it.

Neutral flakeygardener On May 21, 2007, flakeygardener from Montreal, QC (Zone 5a) wrote:

Montreal, Quebec (Zone 5a)

A few years ago I planted 2 cuttings, which I thought were dead. The first year one produced about 5 leaves and one bloom. The other produced 2 leaves and no bloom. Two years later, after a beautiful sunny spring, both plants were over a foot in diameter and covered in blooms! But last spring we had 11 straight days of rain and both plants were small and their leaves rusty. There was only a single bloom between the two plants.

There is no sign of either plant this year and I am heartbroken. Judging by my other plants, the geraniums would be almost ready to bloom by now.

Also, my sister grows these in Zone 4b further east and north of me.

Positive bonniewong On Nov 24, 2005, bonniewong from edmonton
Canada wrote:

Beautiful foliage with substance, not floppy or trailing. Easily propagated by division or basal cuttings from the crown. A great geranium for the front of the border

Neutral smiln32 On Aug 30, 2004, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

Wild Geranium or Spotted Geranium forms large clumps 12 to 24 inches tall covered with delicate 1.5 inch rosy-lavender to soft pink flowers. Wild Geranium is a favorite in the wild garden due to its attractive foliage and flowers that require little or no maintenance and is spectacular as a mass in an open woodland, perfect for the border of a shade garden, or naturalized in sweeps at the base of large trees. Wild Geranium prefers moist, humus-rich, well-drained soil and high open shade and accepts sunny conditions with moisture but will go dormant in drought conditions.

Positive OhioBreezy On Jun 2, 2004, OhioBreezy from Dundee, OH (Zone 5b) wrote:

Here in Ohio, we have tons of these that grow wild, mostly the pink variety, years ago I acquired this lovely near dark purple colored one and have now about 6 plants around my yard, they grow wonderfully with no care, and a such a delight in the garden.

Positive lgsherk On Apr 15, 2003, lgsherk from Vandiver, AL (Zone 7a) wrote:

The Cranesbill Geranium is native to Alabama and I am sure to several other southeastern states. It is a lovely spring
bloomer and needs little attention.
Linda in Alabama


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Auburn, Alabama
Houston, Alabama
Vandiver, Alabama
Morrilton, Arkansas
Carlotta, California
Black Hawk, Colorado
Amston, Connecticut
Washington, Connecticut
Barnesville, Georgia
Urbana, Illinois
Geneva, Indiana
Hobart, Indiana
Macy, Indiana
Warren, Indiana
Waterloo, Iowa
Shawnee Mission, Kansas
Louisville, Kentucky
Jay, Maine
Cumberland, Maryland
Jefferson, Maryland
Oakland, Maryland
Roslindale, Massachusetts
Erie, Michigan
Midland, Michigan
Pinconning, Michigan
Royal Oak, Michigan
Saginaw, Michigan
Sanford, Michigan
Braham, Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota
Elsberry, Missouri
Piedmont, Missouri
Greenville, New Hampshire
Lancaster, New Hampshire
Chester, New Jersey
Metuchen, New Jersey
Neptune, New Jersey
Greene, New York
Nineveh, New York
Syracuse, New York
Tonawanda, New York
Elizabeth City, North Carolina
Raleigh, North Carolina (2 reports)
Belfield, North Dakota
Dundee, Ohio
Glouster, Ohio
Carnegie, Oklahoma
Enid, Oklahoma
Sherwood, Oregon
Coopersburg, Pennsylvania
Hummelstown, Pennsylvania
Lansdowne, Pennsylvania
Millersburg, Pennsylvania
Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania
Viola, Tennessee
Leesburg, Virginia
Elma, Washington
Kirkland, Washington
Port Angeles, Washington
Great Cacapon, West Virginia
Grantsburg, Wisconsin
Marinette, Wisconsin
Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Spooner, Wisconsin

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