Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Rock Samphire, Samphire
Crithmum maritimum

Family: Apiaceae (ay-pee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Crithmum (KRITH-mum) (Info)
Species: maritimum (muh-RIT-tim-mum) (Info)

One vendor has this plant for sale.

7 members have or want this plant for trade.


12-18 in. (30-45 cm)
18-24 in. (45-60 cm)
24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

6-9 in. (15-22 cm)
9-12 in. (22-30 cm)
12-15 in. (30-38 cm)
15-18 in. (38-45 cm)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Sun to Partial Shade

Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction

Bloom Color:
Chartreuse (Yellow-Green)
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Late Winter/Early Spring
Mid Spring
Late Spring/Early Summer


Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
Unknown - Tell us

Seed Collecting:
Unknown - Tell us

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By kennedyh
Thumbnail #1 of Crithmum maritimum by kennedyh

By Xenomorf
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By Xenomorf
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By DMersh
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By DMersh
Thumbnail #7 of Crithmum maritimum by DMersh

There are a total of 8 photos.
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No positives
2 neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Neutral RiverNymph On Apr 9, 2013, RiverNymph from the Mountains, CO (Zone 4a) wrote:

Also known as 'Sea Fennel'.
Quoted from Jekka's Complete Herb Book:
"The leaves can be eaten fresh or cooked. Prior to cooking, remove any leaves that have begun to turn slimy and any hard parts of the stalk. The leaves have an aromatic salty flavor which combines well in salads or cooked in butter. They can also be used to make sauces and aromatic pickles."

Also: "This herb is very high in vitamin C; it also has a digestive and purgative properties. It is under research for treating obesity and is in a number of herbal products. "

Neutral Lilith On May 2, 2002, Lilith from Durham
United Kingdom (Zone 8a) wrote:

A curious member of the Carrot family, native to Northern Europe, with the normal umbrella-shaped heads of flowers, but swollen, succulent aromatic leaves. These leaves can be made into a pickle or sauce, uses that were formerly commonplace but are now rarely tried. Rock Samphire commonly inhabits inaccessible ledges of sea-cliffs and its collection was an exceedingly hazardous and often lethal trade. Eating the plant was believed to aid digestion and have beneficial effects on the kidneys and bladder. Rock Samphire was sometimes grown as a vegetable on well-drained soils, especially in England and France. The succulent leaves, with a thick, translucent coat, are an adaption to drought, for even though the plant may be drenched by spray from a rough sea, the salt in the water tends to dry out an unprotected leaf and makes it difficult for roots to take up usable water.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Phoenix, Arizona
Clayton, California
Portland, Oregon

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