Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Red Clover
Trifolium pratense

Family: Papilionaceae (pa-pil-ee-uh-NAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Trifolium (try-FOH-lee-um) (Info)
Species: pratense (pray-TEN-see) (Info)

12 members have or want this plant for trade.


18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)
USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)
USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Sun to Partial Shade


Bloom Color:

Bloom Time:
Late Spring/Early Summer
Mid Summer


Other details:
May be a noxious weed or invasive
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
By dividing the rootball
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall
From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse
From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:
Bag seedheads to capture ripening seed
Collect seedhead/pod when flowers fade; allow to dry
Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored

Click thumbnail
to view:

By Evert
Thumbnail #1 of Trifolium pratense by Evert

By melody
Thumbnail #2 of Trifolium pratense by melody

By Howard_C
Thumbnail #3 of Trifolium pratense by Howard_C

By trilian15
Thumbnail #4 of Trifolium pratense by trilian15

By melody
Thumbnail #5 of Trifolium pratense by melody

Thumbnail #6 of Trifolium pratense by TBGDN

By Gabrielle
Thumbnail #7 of Trifolium pratense by Gabrielle

There are a total of 20 photos.
Click here to view them all!


4 positives
4 neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive Gabrielle On Feb 28, 2012, Gabrielle from (Zone 5a) wrote:

Blooms May - September in my garden. My pet rabbits LOVE it.

Neutral iluvcatz On Jul 5, 2009, iluvcatz from Westerly, RI wrote:

I see these everywere growing wild. I call them bunny food

Positive inkblot On Mar 1, 2009, inkblot from Buffalo, NY (Zone 6a) wrote:

Very nice plant. Although its extremely common where I live, its easy to get rid of. I like making an extract out of the flowers to treat my moms menopause.

Positive Farmerdill On Nov 18, 2006, Farmerdill from Augusta, GA (Zone 8a) wrote:

Red clover was a valuable early hay crop in my youth. Not only was it great for hay, it improved the soil for subsequent crops. In the days of crop, (rotation, corn, small grain, hay, hay). it was quite valuable. It only last about two years so not good for a permanent hayfield.

Neutral frostweed On Nov 17, 2006, frostweed from Josephine, Arlington, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

Red Clover ,Trifolium pratense, is Naturalized in Texas and other States.

Positive JodyC On Jan 21, 2005, JodyC from Palmyra, IL (Zone 5b) wrote:

Flowers formally smoked in antiasthma cigarettes
Red clover extracts produced in Australia,sold in USA.One tablet contains 40 mg. of photoestrogens,8 times the amount consumed by Americans.
Fall or late cut hay can cause slobbering or frothing in cattle and horses
Now being studied for AIDS and antidiabetic activity

Neutral Howard_C On Aug 10, 2004, Howard_C from St John's, NL wrote:

In Newfoundland we occasionally come across the white form of this species, it has the tall habit and the three leaves right under the flowers which are some of the features of Red Clover, T. pretense, which distinguish it from true White Clover, T. repens, which is creeping, as its Latin name suggests, and has no leaves on the peduncle. The picture I've submitted was taken on Cape Spear, the most easterly point in North America, in late July 2004. (I'm still looking for the red form of White Clover!) I doubt whether this form really has much garden merit though.

Neutral melody On May 16, 2002, melody from Benton, KY (Zone 7a) wrote:

A common roadside plant,but very attractive and useful.

Wonderful for animal forage,high in nutrients.Attractive to bees and butterflies.

I wouldn't consider this a common garden flower,but it has it's place in a naturalized setting,or wildflower mass. Great for fixing nitrogen in soil.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Huntington, Arkansas
Van Buren, Arkansas
Wilmington, Delaware
Pensacola, Florida
Indianapolis, Indiana
Macy, Indiana
Burt, Iowa
Benton, Kentucky
Cadiz, Kentucky
Ewing, Kentucky
Marrero, Louisiana
Cumberland, Maryland
Saint Cloud, Minnesota
Cole Camp, Missouri
New Milford, New Jersey
Buffalo, New York
Crown Point, New York
Glouster, Ohio
Greencastle, Pennsylvania
Westerly, Rhode Island
Austin, Texas
Port Neches, Texas
Troy, Virginia
Virginia Beach, Virginia
Clarkston, Washington

We recommend Firefox
Overwhelmed? There's a lot to see here. Try starting at our homepage.

[ Home | About | Advertise | Media Kit | Mission | Featured Companies | Submit an Article | Terms of Use | Tour | Rules | Privacy Policy | Contact Us ]

Back to the top

Copyright © 2000-2015 Dave's Garden, an Internet Brands company. All Rights Reserved.

Hope for America