Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Columbine, Granny's Bonnets (Biedermeier Group)
Aquilegia 'Biedermeier Group'

Family: Ranunculaceae (ra-nun-kew-LAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Aquilegia (a-kwi-LEE-jee-a) (Info)
Cultivar: Biedermeier Group

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11 members have or want this plant for trade.

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6-9 in. (15-22 cm)

USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)
USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)
USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:
Sun to Partial Shade


Bloom Color:
Pale Yellow
Light Blue
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Late Spring/Early Summer

Grown for foliage

Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Soil pH requirements:
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
By dividing the rootball
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall
From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse
From seed; stratify if sowing indoors
From seed; sow indoors before last frost

Seed Collecting:
Bag seedheads to capture ripening seed
Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds
Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored

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By Toxicodendron
Thumbnail #1 of Aquilegia  by Toxicodendron

By JJsgarden
Thumbnail #2 of Aquilegia  by JJsgarden

By JJsgarden
Thumbnail #3 of Aquilegia  by JJsgarden

By Weezingreens
Thumbnail #4 of Aquilegia  by Weezingreens

By Toxicodendron
Thumbnail #5 of Aquilegia  by Toxicodendron

By Toxicodendron
Thumbnail #6 of Aquilegia  by Toxicodendron

By Weezingreens
Thumbnail #7 of Aquilegia  by Weezingreens

There are a total of 15 photos.
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4 positives
No neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive ms_greenjeans On Nov 9, 2010, ms_greenjeans from Hopkins, MN (Zone 4a) wrote:

I have a shade garden that is near 3 black walnut trees. I did not realize when I planted columbine that it is sensitive to juglone; however, in spite of that, it has grown and bloomed for the past three years in that location. I did notice it was declining this year, so I have split up and moved the plants to a different area. I love columbine with its airy foliage and complex-looking flowers, so I hope it does well in its new spot.

Positive TBGDN On Feb 28, 2006, TBGDN from (Zone 5a) wrote:

Synonym: Aquilegia x sibirica; Cultivar: Biedermeier: I have allowed these to naturalize and self-seed themselves. In doing so a host of insects and birds naturally cross-pollinate between plants, and produce a lot of color variations. Hummingbirds are drawn like magnets to the flowers. Colors range from pastel pinks, whites to mauves. I also grow what is known as the 'Nora Barlow' series of pink columbines, and bees I'm sure have cross pollinated between the various kinds. All are very cold hardy. Very easily grown and naturalized; completely cold hardy.

Positive Weezingreens On Jun 30, 2004, Weezingreens from Seward, AK (Zone 3b) wrote:

Aquilegias do well here in Seward, Alaska. They like our moist, cool season. Biedermeiers are one of my favorite varieties. I've been growing them from seed for the last three years, and the range of colors always amazes me. It has a modest height, taller than a flabellata, shorter than most vulgaris. At about 18" tall, it sits well in any bed, and the lovely blooms face upward on sturdy stems that shouldn't need staking. Give this one a try!

Positive Toxicodendron On Apr 25, 2004, Toxicodendron from Piedmont, MO (Zone 6a) wrote:

These columbines have more upfacing, short blooms than most. The flowers are smaller than some, but the plant produces many blooms. I have about 4 or 5 different shades, from almost white to pink, to purple. I recommend this cultivated strain.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Auburn, Alabama
Birmingham, Alabama
Seward, Alaska
Elk Grove, California
Chicago, Illinois
Hanna City, Illinois
Indianapolis, Indiana
Macy, Indiana
Hebron, Kentucky
Pinconning, Michigan
Royal Oak, Michigan
Hopkins, Minnesota
Piedmont, Missouri
Omaha, Nebraska
Oxford, North Carolina
Lebanon, Ohio
Mount Hood Parkdale, Oregon
Coopersburg, Pennsylvania
Delaware Water Gap, Pennsylvania
Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania
Knoxville, Tennessee
Rockwood, Tennessee
Kalama, Washington
Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Watertown, Wisconsin

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