Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Raspberry, Red Raspberry, European Raspberry
Rubus idaeus

Family: Rosaceae (ro-ZAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Rubus (ROO-bus) (Info)
Species: idaeus (eye-DAY-ee-us) (Info)

25 members have or want this plant for trade.

Edible Fruits and Nuts

18-24 in. (45-60 cm)
24-36 in. (60-90 cm)
36-48 in. (90-120 cm)
4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)
6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)

18-24 in. (45-60 cm)
24-36 in. (60-90 cm)
36-48 in. (90-120 cm)

USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)
USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)
USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun

Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Mid Spring


Other details:
May be a noxious weed or invasive
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
By dividing the rootball
By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)
From herbaceous stem cuttings

Seed Collecting:
Remove fleshy coating on seeds before storing
Allow unblemished fruit to ripen; clean and dry seeds

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to view:

By Baa
Thumbnail #1 of Rubus idaeus by Baa

By Baa
Thumbnail #2 of Rubus idaeus by Baa

By kennedyh
Thumbnail #3 of Rubus idaeus by kennedyh

By CaptMicha
Thumbnail #4 of Rubus idaeus by CaptMicha

By RosinaBloom
Thumbnail #5 of Rubus idaeus by RosinaBloom


1 positive
2 neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive Michaelp On Nov 11, 2003, Michaelp from Glendale, UT (Zone 5a) wrote:

Tea made from the leaves are excellent women's menstrual and some pregnancy complaints (mostly to help with bleeding); other uses also.

Neutral smiln32 On Aug 26, 2002, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

This plant's medicinal use by native American indians is extensive. Chippewa, Iroquois, Cherokee and Omaha indians used this plant for everything from toothache remedies to cough medicines to analgesics and much more.

Neutral Baa On May 19, 2002, Baa wrote:

Suckering shrub from Europe and possibly other temperate regions of the world.

Has pinnate, toothed, veined, mid green leaves which sometimes bear small prickles. The arching stems (canes) bear an abundance of thorns and gloves are advised if you need to cut them back. Bears short lived white flowers, followed by red, sweet tasting fruit (drupe) in Autumn.

Flowers May-July

Likes moist but well drained, fertile soil in sun or shade.

Very heavy feeders which won't fruit well on light soil.

Plant 2 ft apart in rows, 4 ft apart, canes planted too close won't fruit so well as those given space. Keep the area free of weeds, raspberries aren't keen on competition.

In late Autumn cut summer fruited stems to the ground and cut back the new, unfruited shoots to about 2ft tall. These will bear next years crop.

Other than that they are reletively easy to grow and very eager to fruit.

Move the canes to a new spot every 5 years or so as they will deplete the soil and the harvest will dwindle in time, if left in one spot.

The leaves have astringent properties and can be used as a gargle for sore thorats, tea for mild stomach complaints and a wash for wounds. However, as with everthing, it is worth seeking professional herbal advice before using it.

The fruit has a sweet, slightly acidic taste which is wonderful in jams and as a sauce to accompany various puddings. The fruit does have a lot of seed so you may need to sieve them after cooking to remove them.

The fruit is also used in some alcoholic drinks and vinegars.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Anchorage, Alaska
Keystone Heights, Florida
Kurtistown, Hawaii
Chicago, Illinois
Hinsdale, Illinois
Jacksonville, Illinois
Brookeville, Maryland
Valley Lee, Maryland
Pinconning, Michigan
Haines Falls, New York
Portland, Oregon
Austin, Texas
Green Acres, Washington

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