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PlantFiles: Spotted Water Hemlock, Spotted Cowbane
Cicuta maculata

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Family: Apiaceae (ay-pee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Cicuta (sik-YOO-tuh) (Info)
Species: maculata (mak-yuh-LAH-tuh) (Info)

Synonym:Cicuta maculata var. maculata

Category:
Biennials

Height:
36-48 in. (90-120 cm)
4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)
6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)

Spacing:
6-9 in. (15-22 cm)

Hardiness:
USDA Zone 2b: to -42.7 C (-45 F)
USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)
USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)
USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Sun to Partial Shade

Danger:
All parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Mid Summer

Foliage:
Grown for foliage
Blue-Green

Other details:
May be a noxious weed or invasive
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings
Very high moisture needs; suitable for bogs and water gardens

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:
Non-patented

Propagation Methods:
Plant is viviparous

Seed Collecting:
Wear gloves to protect hands when handling seeds
N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed

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to view:

By samkar
Thumbnail #1 of Cicuta maculata by samkar

By samkar
Thumbnail #2 of Cicuta maculata by samkar

By Equilibrium
Thumbnail #3 of Cicuta maculata by Equilibrium

By Equilibrium
Thumbnail #4 of Cicuta maculata by Equilibrium

By Equilibrium
Thumbnail #5 of Cicuta maculata by Equilibrium

By Equilibrium
Thumbnail #6 of Cicuta maculata by Equilibrium

By claypa
Thumbnail #7 of Cicuta maculata by claypa

There are a total of 10 photos.
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Profile:

No positives
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

RatingAuthorContent
Neutral Equilibrium On Dec 4, 2004, Equilibrium wrote:

For those wishing to restore wetlands, this is a great plant native to North America... providing your neighbors have no children or pets, you have no children or pets, providing no children or pets visit you, and providing everybody else is familiar with what this deadly plant looks like so they can stay away from it.

This is by far the most violently toxic plant growing on the continent of North America. The plant contains the toxin cicutoxin. Even the smallest digested amount attacks the central nervous system. It is an incredibly powerful convulsant.

It is a member of the Parsley family and is closely related to the plant that poisoned Socrates. First year seedlings look like wild carrot.

I love native plants BUT this one was removed from my property.

Regional...

This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Morrilton, Arkansas



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