Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Plume Poppy, Tree Celandine, Parrotweed
Bocconia frutescens

Family: Papaveraceae (pa-pav-er-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Bocconia (bok-KOH-nee-uh) (Info)
Species: frutescens (froo-TESS-enz) (Info)

Synonym:Macleaya frutescens
Synonym:Bocconia glauca
Synonym:Bocconia quercifolia
Synonym:Bocconia sinuatifolia
Synonym:Bocconia subtomentosa

2 members have or want this plant for trade.

Tropicals and Tender Perennials

8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)
10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)
12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)
15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)

12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)
USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:
Gold (Yellow-Orange)

Bloom Time:
Unknown - Tell us


Other details:
May be a noxious weed or invasive
Self-sows freely; deadhead if you do not want volunteer seedlings next season

Soil pH requirements:
Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
From softwood cuttings
From semi-hardwood cuttings
From seed; sow indoors before last frost
By simple layering
By air layering

Seed Collecting:
Unknown - Tell us

Click thumbnail
to view:

By palmbob
Thumbnail #1 of Bocconia frutescens by palmbob

By palmbob
Thumbnail #2 of Bocconia frutescens by palmbob


2 positives
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive SteveDrake On Sep 9, 2010, SteveDrake from Carlsbad, CA wrote:

A very unusual looking bush/tree. Mine volunteer and grow well in full coastal sun or 50% shade. Once they go to seed they will die in about 1 year but you should have it pop up forever. birds spread the seed. This may be a key to seed propigation.

Positive BayAreaTropics On Feb 13, 2009, BayAreaTropics from Hayward, CA wrote:

A great, very tropical looking plant that blooms reliably.The only problem I have had is that anything less than full sun will cause it to slow or even die. For the second time in three years I will have to move mine as other faster growing cloudforest plants are shading it. Such is the lot of having small yards. As I seen these reach up to 15' or more,It's going to take some luck.

Neutral palmbob On Feb 4, 2004, palmbob from Acton, CA (Zone 8b) wrote:

A large leaf Mexican ornamental that has several medicinal purposes, as well as its use in tropical landscaping.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Hayward, California
Oakland, California

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