Multiflora Rose, Buschel Rose, Wreath Rose
Rosa multiflora

Family: Rosaceae (ro-ZAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Rosa (RO-zuh) (Info)
Species: multiflora (mul-tih-FLOR-uh) (Info)
Synonym:Rosa x floribunda
Synonym:Rosa multiflora var. carnea
Synonym:Rosa multiflora var. platyphylla
Synonym:Rosa multiflora f. watsoniana
Synonym:Rosa watsoniana
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Class:

Species

Height:

6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)

8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)

Spacing:

3-6 in. (7-15 cm)

36-48 in. (90-120 cm)

Hardiness:

USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Bloom Color:

White (w)

Bloom Shape:

Double

Eye present

Informal

Flower Fragrance:

Slightly Fragrant

Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer

Habit:

Bush

Patent Information:

Non-patented

Other Details:

Stems are very thorny

Pruning Instructions:

Blooms on old wood; prune after flowering

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

Propagation Methods:

From softwood cuttings

From semi-hardwood cuttings

From hardwood cuttings

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

By grafting

By budding

Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Unknown - Tell us

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us

Regional

This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Birmingham, Alabama

Fayetteville, Arkansas

Aurora, Colorado

Lawrenceville, Georgia

Monroe, Georgia

Westchester, Illinois

Indianapolis, Indiana

Rising Sun, Indiana

Valparaiso, Indiana

Melbourne, Kentucky

Brookeville, Maryland

Bay City, Michigan

Champlain, New York

Croton On Hudson, New York

Crown Point, New York

Asheville, North Carolina

Hulbert, Oklahoma

Greencastle, Pennsylvania

Millersburg, Pennsylvania

Pottstown, Pennsylvania

Summerville, South Carolina

Jacksonville, Texas

Leesburg, Virginia

show all

Gardeners' Notes:

5
positives
2
neutrals
6
negatives
RatingContent
Negative

On Feb 15, 2014, Rickwebb from Downingtown, PA wrote:

It is an ugly monster from Japan (Godzilla) infesting the open woods of southeast PA & far north Delaware & parts of Maryland, and other eastern areas, plus the upper Midwest of northern and central Illinois, Iowa, etc., interfering with better native shrubs and perennials. I enjoy killing it whenever I can, along with the other invasives of Amur Honeysuckle, Autumnolive, Asian Privet, Oriental Bittersweet, Japanese Honeysuckle Vine, and Common Buckthorn.

Negative

On Feb 3, 2014, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

This species is prohibited in three states and has been declared a noxious weed in nine. It is the primary route by which the serious and highly contagious Rose Rosette Disease is transmitted to cultivated roses. This disease has been spreading rapidly and has recently become a cause for consternation among rose lovers across North America.

If you grow other roses, having multiflora rose in the vicinity is asking for trouble.

Yes, this species is also considered a threat to natural habitat. It spreads largely through birds that eat the fruit. Multiflora rose hybrids are not ecologically invasive, though like all roses they too are vulnerable to Rose Rosette.

Individual shrubs aren't hard to dig out with a spade. They're also vulnerable to glyph... read more

Positive

On May 22, 2012, nonconformist7 from Aurora, CO (Zone 5b) wrote:

First of all, I would like to say that this plant in NOT invasive in Colorado and does not appear in the list of invasive noxious weeds for our state.

That being said, it grows in a bush-type form, but then the branches bend to the ground giving it the appearance of a weeping rose. If they actually touch the ground they will try to take root. On my plant, in my area (Zone 5b) after having accomplished taking root that entire branch dies back completely. It is very thorny, and each year requires a lot of removal of dead branches (nearly half of the branches that were alive the year before). The flowers are very generous and smell great, but are not very sturdy and are soon blown or knocked off. It does not seem to produce any hips at all, and it does not spread at all from ... read more

Neutral

On Oct 6, 2009, ratlover1 from Rising Sun, IN wrote:

Definitely an invasive pest here in rural southeast Indiana. Just moved into our first owned home and need to clear out some of the woods, but every time you take a step an evil thorny branch grabs you. This pest grows even in the dense shade of the woods, just not very well. However, I'm very tempted to dig up as many as I can and transplant them to the front of my yard, outside the fence, to discourage the neighbor's dogs from coming around. A few brushes with a mass of thorns should deter them...I hope! I confess that this is a lovely plant in full bloom, which is why I just can't give it the 'negative' rating, although I fully understand why it has earned it.

Negative

On Apr 19, 2008, gabnxe from Columbia, MO wrote:

Rosa multiflora (Multiflora Rose) introduced from Japan and Korea in the 1860s as an ornamental shrub it has spread rapidly over the eastern and midwestern U.S. and is classified as a noxious weed in several states.

Beginning in the 1930s, the U.S. Soil Conservation Service promoted it for use in erosion control and as "living fences" to confine livestock. State conservation departments soon discovered value in multiflora rose as wildlife cover for pheasant, bobwhite quail, and cottontail rabbit and as food for songbirds and encouraged its use by distributing rooted cuttings to landowners free of charge. More recently, multiflora rose has been planted in highway median strips to serve as crash barriers and to reduce automobile headlight glare. Its tenacious and unstoppable g... read more

Negative

On May 29, 2007, claypa from West Pottsgrove, PA (Zone 6b) wrote:

Banned, prohibited, declared a nuisance or noxious weed in twelve states so far, for good reason.

It is illegal to propagate, sell, or transport in Pennsylvania.

Positive

On Apr 26, 2007, chicochi3 from Fayetteville, AR (Zone 6b) wrote:

I love the fragrance of this rose, and it is quite attractive when in bloom, but it needs to be controlled to keep it from getting way out of hand. It grows to about 15 feet tall if given proper space, and you will smell the blooms before seeing them. A pleasant rose "in moderation".

Neutral

On Dec 27, 2006, frostweed from Josephine, Arlington, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

Buschel Rose, Wreath Rose Rosa multiflora is naturalized in Texas and other States and is considered an invasive plant in Texas.

Positive

On May 24, 2006, Kim_M from Hamburg, PA (Zone 6b) wrote:

The fragrance is wonderful! You can smell the bush before you get close to it.

Negative

On Apr 26, 2006, Hikaro_Takayama from Fayetteville, PA (Zone 6b) wrote:

This plant was introduced to PA by the PA dept of agriculture, who, in their infinite "wisdom" thought it would be a great way of controlling erosion on stream banks.

This plant, however, is spread rapidly by birds, and when it moves into an area, it will choke out native shrubs, perennials and any other plants it can push out. I've even seen a large clump of these climbing roses kill a TREE!! The only plants I've seen that can successfully compete with this menace (without killing natives) are bamboo (which, due to it rapid and tall shoot growth can actually penetrate a mass of this bush and ultimately shade it out), and our native trumpet vines (which are just about as good at climbing, rapid growth and spreading by suckers as this foreign invader is).

The... read more

Negative

On May 31, 2005, CaptMicha from Brookeville, MD (Zone 7a) wrote:

This rose spreads like wildfire and grows everywhere.

It's hard to remove because the plants get so large and thorny and the roots are so deep and hard.

Positive

On Jun 2, 2004, OhioBreezy from Dundee, OH (Zone 5b) wrote:

These are wild all thrughout Ohio, they are somewhat of a climber and you can see them 15 feet up a tree and they spray downward creating a lovely effect in the trees. You can smell this rose before you see it. Easily to transplant as well and grows with little to no care at all.

Positive

On Sep 13, 2003, knives4less from Asheville, NC wrote:

WARNING: Considered an agricultural pest. Birds eat the berries of this plant and propagate it to farmers fields and pasturage. Also harbors a plant virus deadly to other roses and the arrow beetle which spreads the disease.

This plant was imported from Asia circa 1900 by George Vanderbilt of Biltmore Farms, Asheville NC, In the early 1950s, Chauncy Beadle planted thousands of these plants as a replacement for fencing.

The examples of this plant that grow in the Biltmore Estate Rose Garden are kept below 2ft in height, to avoid the development of berries and consequent propagation

It is extremely hardy and grows in dense clumps. The flowers are quite small and almost always white. They grow in clumps of 8 or 10 and bloom all summer. The fragra... read more