Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Green Foxtail
Setaria viridis

Family: Poaceae (poh-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Setaria (set-TARE-ee-uh) (Info)
Species: viridis (VEER-ih-diss) (Info)

Synonym:Setaria verticillata

One member has or wants this plant for trade.

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Ornamental Grasses and Bamboo

12-18 in. (30-45 cm)
18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

6-9 in. (15-22 cm)

Not Applicable

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Sun to Partial Shade


Bloom Color:
Pale Green

Bloom Time:
Late Spring/Early Summer
Mid Summer
Late Summer/Early Fall

Grown for foliage

Other details:
May be a noxious weed or invasive

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall
From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse
From seed; sow indoors before last frost
From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:
Bag seedheads to capture ripening seed
Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

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to view:

By melody
Thumbnail #1 of Setaria viridis by melody

By melody
Thumbnail #2 of Setaria viridis by melody

By Equilibrium
Thumbnail #3 of Setaria viridis by Equilibrium

By Equilibrium
Thumbnail #4 of Setaria viridis by Equilibrium


No positives
2 neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Neutral sallyg On Sep 1, 2007, sallyg from Anne Arundel,, MD (Zone 7b) wrote:

I have a nice stand of this right now, so I will make a flower arrangement for the birds.

Neutral melody On Nov 30, 2004, melody from Benton, KY (Zone 7a) wrote:

A cheerful little weed that isn't really invasive, but has very little value as a forage plant also.

Cattle don't care for it, so it spreads itself through fields, pastures, roadsides and gardens.

Birds like the seeds and the little bottle brush heads have value as a dried flower arrangement item...but there are many more plants out there than all of this areas florists could ever use.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Aurora, Colorado
Benton, Kentucky
Millersville, Maryland

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