Cherry Silverberry, Goumi
Elaeagnus multiflora

Family: Elaeagnaceae
Genus: Elaeagnus (el-ee-AG-nus) (Info)
Species: multiflora (mul-tih-FLOR-uh) (Info)

Category:

Edible Fruits and Nuts

Shrubs

Trees

Height:

6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)

Spacing:

6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)

Hardiness:

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Danger:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:

Pale Yellow

Cream/Tan

Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer

Foliage:

Deciduous

Smooth-Textured

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:

Non-patented

Propagation Methods:

From softwood cuttings

Scarify seed before sowing

Seed Collecting:

Unknown - Tell us

Regional

This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Pelham, Alabama

Visalia, California

Hampton, Florida

Crittenden, Kentucky

Merryville, Louisiana

Prairieville, Louisiana

Sikes, Louisiana

Vinton, Louisiana

Roslindale, Massachusetts

Capac, Michigan

Centreville, Mississippi

Florence, Mississippi

Omaha, Nebraska

Wynantskill, New York

Hillsboro, Oregon

Burlington, Vermont

Seattle, Washington

show all

Gardeners' Notes:

3
positives
1
neutral
0
negatives
RatingContent
Positive

On Jan 9, 2015, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

A large shrub (not a tree) flowering in early June. Flowers are not especially conspicuous but are sweetly fragrant and perfume the air.

The red fruits are sweet-and-tart---I find them tasty, and they remind me of sour cherries (P. cerasus) or cornelian cherries (Cornus mas). If you're thinking of harvesting fruit, there are cultivars selected for improved fruit quality and productivity. Goumi are self-fertile.

The leaves are green above and silver on the underside.

This is a tough easy shrub that's very adaptable about soil as long as it's well drained. It fixes atmospheric nitrogen and improves the soil.

According to BONAP, this species has rarely naturalized in N. America and unlike some of its relations it is not invasive.

Positive

On Jul 9, 2011, colluvial from Burlington, VT wrote:

I planted a Goumi that I bought from Burnt Ridge Nursery a year ago last spring. It's an attractive bush with foliage that's olive green on top and silver on the bottom. The twigs are reddish brown. It's been a moderate grower and bore a couple handfuls of berries this year in late June. The taste of the fruit is a balance of sweet and sour with a bit of astringency - not really comparable to any common fruits. It provides a pleasant nibble in the garden but would probably be more generally popular if prepared in jams, sauces, or juices. The seed is fairly large compared to the fruit, easy to spit out if eating fresh and, though I haven't tried it, probably easy to separate in a food mill if processing.

Positive

On Feb 4, 2011, skitdora from Wynantskill, NY wrote:

I bought this plant (I believe this plant) back in 2006 from Jung Seed under what they called Goumi Sweet Scarlet. I have seen Red Gem offered from One Green World, but my plant seems to bear enough berries on it's own without needing cross-pollination. I have read stories of people buying this and receiving an Autumn Olive. I can only assume what I have is what I agreed to buy.
I love this plant. It is on the far edge of my property so has grown up neglected by me. I watered it twice it's first year. It is robust and has withstood bitter cold winters without die back. It keeps it's leaves during droughts. The deer even leave it alone. It is my second favorite plant, just under my golden raspberries. It has fruited for me in late July. The berries just drop. I've read your suppose... read more

Neutral

On May 16, 2010, sunnywan from Omaha, NE wrote:

I purchased this plant last year. It is about 3 ft high and very healthy, but I expected it to bloom and bear fruit, and it hasn't yet. If anyone has any experience with it, and how long it takes to produce, also if it needs a polinator, please let me know.