Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Indian Hemp, Teaweed
Sida rhombifolia

Family: Malvaceae (mal-VAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Sida (SEE-duh) (Info)
Species: rhombifolia (rom-bif-OH-lee-uh) (Info)

Synonym:Sida retusa

7 members have or want this plant for trade.


24-36 in. (60-90 cm)
36-48 in. (90-120 cm)
4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)

24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Sun to Partial Shade

Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:
Pale Yellow

Bloom Time:
Late Winter/Early Spring
Mid Spring
Late Spring/Early Summer
Mid Summer
Late Summer/Early Fall
Mid Fall
Late Fall/Early Winter


Other details:
May be a noxious weed or invasive
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
4.5 or below (very acidic)
4.6 to 5.0 (highly acidic)
5.1 to 5.5 (strongly acidic)
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)
7.9 to 8.5 (alkaline)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
From semi-hardwood cuttings
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

Seed Collecting:
Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds

Click thumbnail
to view:

By Floridian
Thumbnail #1 of Sida rhombifolia by Floridian

By Monocromatico
Thumbnail #2 of Sida rhombifolia by Monocromatico

By kennedyh
Thumbnail #3 of Sida rhombifolia by kennedyh

By kennedyh
Thumbnail #4 of Sida rhombifolia by kennedyh

By htop
Thumbnail #5 of Sida rhombifolia by htop

By htop
Thumbnail #6 of Sida rhombifolia by htop


2 positives
1 neutral
1 negative

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive jameso On Sep 8, 2010, jameso from Longview, TX wrote:

This plant grows in the eastern part of Texas and is a host plant for the common checkered butterfly. I've got hundreds growing on my property and have seen many common checkered butterflies in my yard and have found caterpillars on the plant. It's also called arrowleaf sida, Indian hemp, and cuban jute,

Neutral htop On Jan 4, 2009, htop from San Antonio, TX (Zone 8b) wrote:

I have not grown this plant. Indian Hemp, Teaweed (Sida rhombifolia) is native to Texas and many other states.

Positive losmilagros On Jan 27, 2008, losmilagros from Loxahatchee, FL wrote:

Other Names:

Atibala, Athiballached, Bala, Kehetara-ubal-dana, Khangi, Kheriti, Kisangihettutti-gida, Kotikanbevila, Kulbahebari, Kurunthotti, Lalbariela, Mahabala, Mayir manikkam, Mutheera pulagam, Sadeva, Sap-devi, Shamblidebari, Sirramutti, Svetberela, Tupkadi, Vadha, Velluram, Yellow barleria
Action & Uses in Ayruveda & Siddha
Mathura tikta rasam, seetha veeryam, mathura vipakam, snigdam, tridosha haram, nutritive, tonic, asthi jwaram, excess pittam, good for eyes, used for preparing tailams. Seeds are used in gonorrhoea.
Action & Uses in Unani
Leaves and roots are used, piles, gonorrhoea, anti-soud, diuretic, aphrodisiac.

Root of these herbs are held in great repute in treatment of rheumatism. Stems abound in mucilage and are employed as demulcents and emollients both for external and internal use. The herb is also useful in calculous troubles and as a febrifuge with pepper. Mucilage is used for scorpion sting.

Negative Monocromatico On Jul 23, 2003, Monocromatico from Rio de Janeiro
Brazil (Zone 11) wrote:

An ordinary herb, common in abandoned places, often invasive (like in my case). The flower is somewhat remarkable, though small, with assimetric yellow petals. Other species have a dark spot in the middle of the flower, but S. rhombifolia do not, which helps on the identification. The fruits split in many pieces (mericarps), each one containing one seed that will most likely germinate anywhere. Once a single plant starts producing seeds, its almost impossible to get rid of it, unless you change the soil (and even changing the soil may bring other seeds within the earth - the way I got my one).


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Deland, Florida
Delray Beach, Florida
Jacksonville, Florida
Loxahatchee, Florida
Lutz, Florida
Pensacola, Florida
Sarasota, Florida
Tallahassee, Florida
Spring, Texas

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