Asimina triloba

Family: Annonaceae
Genus: Asimina (a-SEE-mee-nuh) (Info)
Species: triloba (try-LO-buh) (Info)
View this plant in a garden


Edible Fruits and Nuts


Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)


15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)


USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun


Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:

Maroon (Purple-Brown)

Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer



Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

From herbaceous stem cuttings

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

Scarify seed before sowing

By grafting

Seed Collecting:

Remove fleshy coating on seeds before storing

Allow unblemished fruit to ripen; clean and dry seeds

Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

, (2 reports)

Vincent, Alabama

Booneville, Arkansas

Fayetteville, Arkansas

Morrilton, Arkansas

Fremont, California

Dover, Delaware

Hampton, Florida

Cordele, Georgia

Cornelia, Georgia

Pooler, Georgia

Divernon, Illinois

Glen Ellyn, Illinois

Macomb, Illinois

Riverside, Illinois

Waukegan, Illinois

Georgetown, Indiana

Indianapolis, Indiana

Jeffersonville, Indiana

Lawrence, Kansas

Shawnee Mission, Kansas

Barbourville, Kentucky

Benton, Kentucky

Corbin, Kentucky

Louisville, Kentucky

Denham Springs, Louisiana

Mandeville, Louisiana

Falmouth, Maine

Centreville, Maryland

Potomac, Maryland

Silver Spring, Maryland

Valley Lee, Maryland

Northfield, Massachusetts

Roslindale, Massachusetts

Owosso, Michigan

Inver Grove Heights, Minnesota

Marietta, Mississippi

Waynesboro, Mississippi

Aurora, Missouri

Brunswick, Missouri

Kansas City, Missouri

Lincoln, Nebraska

Bernardsville, New Jersey

Morris Plains, New Jersey

Buffalo, New York

Ithaca, New York

Roslyn, New York

Stamford, New York

Concord, North Carolina

Davidson, North Carolina

Elizabeth City, North Carolina

Raleigh, North Carolina (2 reports)

Salisbury, North Carolina

Blacklick, Ohio

Bucyrus, Ohio

Chesterland, Ohio

Glouster, Ohio

Bartlesville, Oklahoma

Hulbert, Oklahoma

Tangent, Oregon

Greencastle, Pennsylvania

Millersburg, Pennsylvania

Morrisville, Pennsylvania

Royersford, Pennsylvania

Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania

Simpsonville, South Carolina

Clarksville, Tennessee

Mc Minnville, Tennessee

Morrison, Tennessee

Nashville, Tennessee

Smithville, Tennessee

Viola, Tennessee

Arlington, Texas

Austin, Texas

Fort Worth, Texas

Needville, Texas

Culpeper, Virginia

Lexington, Virginia

Richmond, Virginia

Issaquah, Washington

Quilcene, Washington

Seattle, Washington

Walla Walla, Washington

Charleston, West Virginia

Liberty, West Virginia

Rosedale, West Virginia

La Farge, Wisconsin

Madison, Wisconsin

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Mar 3, 2014, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

The species produces fruit of highly variable quality, sometimes barely palatable. If you want to grow pawpaws for fruit, there are over a dozen commercially available cultivars selected for their superior fruit. Cultivars are budded on seedling understock, not grown by seed.

Fruiting is best in full sun, but young shoots are very sun-sensitive and benefit from shading the first couple of years.

Fruiting normally begins when trees reach about 6', generally about 5-7 years.

This tree normally can't pollinate itself. To get fruit, you need at least two genetically different trees. Native pollinators are not very efficient, and pollinating with a paintbrush can increase fruit set.

Dirr say this species is hardy to Z5.


On Jul 24, 2011, Cindy_Rae from Kansas City, MO (Zone 6a) wrote:

My grandaddy found several pawpaws growing in the woods across the street. Loving trees, he dug one up and brought it home (along with a black walnut, black locust and an oak!). That was about 35 yrs ago. Grandaddy's gone now-grandma too, but I still have his trees (yes,I still live in the same house). They were planted in a semi-raised rock bed under a couple of maples and are still doing well to this day. We now have 5 additional trees that have grown up from that original. We don't water any of them or do anything to them, never have. They grow just fine and produce lots of fruit every year all on their own.
We use the fruit in place of bananas in bread, pies and other things...that is, when we beat the coons, opossums, deer and squirrels! Here on the northeast boundary of Kansa... read more


On Mar 1, 2011, Saviera from Savannah, GA wrote:

Just bought 5 rootstocks of Native Pawpaw from Tenessee about 12-15" long. They have very little root system (pretty well cut-off them) when I received them in mail order. I put them in the pot with good potting soil. It;s more than 1 month now and the weather is getting steadily warmed-up here in Savannah, Ga area, but there is no sign of breaking dormancy yet or any sign of budding. Still just 5 brown sticks. Anyone has the solutions? Are they still alive? Should I cut the tip of the branch to find out? Please let me know. I have ordered 3 more from other sellers. Really intrigue about this plant since I loved custard apple from my childhood... Thanks beforehand for any info.


On Oct 11, 2010, 4dexters from Northfield, MA wrote:

We live in Northfield MA 01360 and have just picked our first fruits..all 2 of them. We had three, now 2 trees ut this is the first year any flowwered, and only 1. So it is minimally self-fertile. It could be we are the most northeast of any pawpaw?



On Aug 18, 2010, iam_utopia from Beamsville, ON (Zone 7a) wrote:

Our Pawpaw trees are six years old. This is the first year that they have had flower buds and sure enough we have fruit. The past two years, I have been able to purchase a few fruits locally, but they were ready there in the Niagara-on the-Lake area the 2nd or 3rd week of October. Our fruit-bearing tree here in Beamsville, ON had a fruit fall off in a wind storm on August 16th. We waited a day then ate it. Wonderful tasting, orange coloured fruit (inside) with only 6 seeds. Pawpaw fruit ready to eat in MID-AUGUST!?! Wow. What a beauty of a year we're having.
My Asimina triloba are plants... from what I hear cuttings will never take, and rarely will root cuttings.
I have two local sources. A natural prolific stand I have named 'Gloria' after the property owner in Vi... read more


On Jun 21, 2010, brwnails from Riverside, IL wrote:

Our neighbor has 4, very old paw paw trees between our houses. Around 25ft tall. We're zone 5a, just west of Chicago.


On Mar 22, 2010, TheLoud from Atlanta, GA (Zone 8a) wrote:

Some of the info on this page is wrong. Pawpaws grow here in zone 5. Also, the seeds cannot be dried, or they die. They must be planted immediately after being removed from the fruit. To ship, they can be packed in damp material so they will survive and maybe start sprouting on the way.
The cultivated varieties taste at least as good as a cherimoya, but the wild ones are variable.


On Jun 2, 2009, WUVIE from Hulbert, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

We planted a number of Paw Paws several years ago when
they were just seedlings. The first two years we had to keep shade
screens on them, or they completely burned up with the Oklahoma summer sun.

This year, they are braving the elements all grown up. Naturally, they thrive with regular water, putting on new leaves and growing taller by the day! Well, it seems that way, anyhow. We can't wait until they mature and bear fruit.

Paw Paws have long taproots, thus the difficulty in digging them up for transplant.

If you grow Paw Paw, take care of it. :-)

Update 04-12-2010. Hubby cut off a few small extra limbs on our Paw Paw and stuck them in a bucket. I mistook them for cuttings to propagate. Sure enough, they took and ... read more


On Jun 20, 2007, transplant2nc from Concord, NC wrote:

We have one pawpaw purchased as a 2 foot seedling that's been completely neglected. It continues to grow and do well in a shady area and is now 7 feet tall, but we've never had any flowers. A second seedling of a different variety died. I realize we need a second pawpaw for cross pollination if we want fruit, but is it worth purchasing one if our current more mature pawpaw never flowers anyway? These small seedlings were $200 each about 8 years ago.


On Jun 2, 2007, yarily_holp from Philadelphia, PA (Zone 6b) wrote:

In nature, this tree is usually found in thickets, very nice to walk through with all the big dangling leaves (for identification -- they grow alternately on the stem, and are narrower on the end where they attach). It's an understory tree so is shade tolerant, and it doesn't get that tall, maybe 25 feet at the most(?). It seems to take quite a while to get big enough to flower/fruit. There are several cultivars available and it is good to get a few different ones for cross-pollination.


On Mar 28, 2007, Lily_love from Central, AL (Zone 7b) wrote:

I have heard of the tree, seen it in NorthEast Al. region. I've a what appears like that of pawpaw in my back yard, but haven't had it positively identified. I ordered two of these bareroot tree from mail-or-nursery. They sent me two 4' long trees with long taproot but no feeder rootlets? I potted them in big pots, kept water well, and they have not shown any sign of breaking dormancy?


On Dec 1, 2006, frostweed from Josephine, Arlington, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

Pawpaw Asimina triloba is native to Texas and other States.


On Feb 3, 2006, raisedbedbob from Walkerton, VA (Zone 7a) wrote:

Pawpaws are native to this region though not common. They are generally found in rich deciduous forests. I find the fruit not nearly as good as described in the literature.


On Jan 22, 2006, joegee from Bucyrus, OH (Zone 6a) wrote:

Locally this plant loves moist, wooded river bottoms, where it can be found in abundance. It seems to prefer rich, loamy soil, and lots of water.

Flowers in spring are followed by fruit in mid to late autumn, the first teen weekend in October here in Ohio. The fruit is harvested when it begins to drop from the trees. Some folks claim they taste best after the first frost, but by my experience they've all been eaten by animals by that time. To me the flavor is reminiscent of an overly-ripe banana. The texture is similar to custard, but look out for the big bean-shaped seeds. I prefer to peel my pawpaws, because the skin is tough, and not particularly nice-tasting. The first wild paw paw is always delicious. By the time I'm into my second one, I remember why it is I on... read more


On Jan 1, 2005, MotherNature4 from Bartow, FL (Zone 9a) wrote:

This species is found in the central Panhandle of Florida, but doesn't usually extend into the peninsula.


On Dec 31, 2004, Shadyfolks from Chesterland, OH (Zone 5b) wrote:

We grow this tree in Z5


On Dec 31, 2004, lmelling from Ithaca, NY (Zone 5b) wrote:

Our neighbor has several Pawpaw trees on her property and she dug several suckers a few years ago and brought them to us to plant. However, although they had some root system, they obviously didn't have enough and died very soon thereafter - even with care.

After reading the information above, perhaps we'll try again next year but either from a nursery, or by making sure there is a better root system in place and doing what Hogwaump describes.


On Jan 16, 2004, carolmac7 from Lake Charles, LA wrote:

In "The Southern Gardener's Book of Lists", the Pawpaw tree is listed as a host plant for the Zebra swallowtail butterfly.


On Nov 6, 2003, Hogwaump from Rosedale, WV (Zone 7b) wrote:

Pawpaws are difficult to transplant form the wild, but it can be accomplished. Follow the roots as far as is possible - I like to get at least 2 feet on either side of the plant. Use moisture crystals and sphagnum in the planting mix and remove all leaves.

Can be propagated from root cuttings, but they must be larger than 1/2" diameter and about 1' long, harvested in winter while tree is dormant.

Can be propagated from cuttings, but only cuttings of very young suckers will form roots.


On Aug 31, 2001, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

Easily grown in average, medium wet to wet, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Prefers moist, acidic, fertile soils. Will grow in shade but becomes leggy.


On Nov 8, 2000, Chooch from Chatham-Kent, ON (Zone 6a) wrote:

USDA Z5 ; it's an easy to grow ornamental tree with a tropical appearance. It has interesting flowers that are up to two inches across and produces delicious fruit that tastes like a cross between bananas and vanilla custard . It has a vitamin content that rivals citrus .Paw paws are typically small trees ( 25 feet tall or less ). Several trees should be planted as most are self-infertile.