Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Littleleaf Linden
Tilia cordata 'Greenspire'

Family: Malvaceae (mal-VAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Tilia (TIL-ee-uh) (Info)
Species: cordata (kor-DAY-tuh) (Info)
Cultivar: Greenspire
Additional cultivar information: (PP2086)
Hybridized by Flemer; Year of Registration or Introduction: 1960

Synonym:Tilia parvifolia

3 vendors have this plant for sale.

One member has or wants this plant for trade.


over 40 ft. (12 m)

20-30 ft. (6-9 m)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Sun to Partial Shade

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:
Pale Yellow
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Late Spring/Early Summer


Other details:
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
Flowers are fragrant
Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping

Soil pH requirements:
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)
7.9 to 8.5 (alkaline)

Patent Information:
Patent expired

Propagation Methods:
Unknown - Tell us

Seed Collecting:
Unknown - Tell us

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to view:

By kriszti
Thumbnail #1 of Tilia cordata by kriszti

By kriszti
Thumbnail #2 of Tilia cordata by kriszti

By countrybambam
Thumbnail #3 of Tilia cordata by countrybambam


2 positives
3 neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive Bear_with_me On Nov 3, 2014, Bear_with_me from Vancouver, WA wrote:

My Greenspire tree was bought at a big box store in summer 2012. Since it was summer, I watered it weekly. Other than that it has not had special care.

The tree has grown quickly. It has added about 4 feet in height in it's first 2 years. I am very happy so far.

No blooms yet.

Neutral coriaceous On Mar 6, 2014, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

This adaptable and pollution-tolerant species is commonly planted as a shade tree.

The June flowers are not showy but perfume the air for about two weeks, and are very attractive to honeybees and other pollinators. The French traditionally use them dried as an herbal tea. The pollen is moderately allergenic.

This tree is easy to shape and takes well to shearing and pollarding. For centuries, it has been popular in Europe for estates, parks, and allees, and also commonly used there as a hedge.

In Europe, mature trees can reach 80-90'. I rarely see it reach half that here in Massachusetts.

In Boston, this tree is commonly afflicted with aphids or scale, which excrete a rain of sticky honeydew on everything below, including benches and windshields. The fallen honeydew usually turns black with sooty mold. Systemic insecticides can be used to control the insects but also take a toll on honeybees and other pollinators.

This species also commonly produces tremendous numbers of suckers from the base of the trunk, requiring frequent maintenance and eventually producing large disfiguring burls.

This is one of the most commonly planted street trees in the northeast. I see many here that are stunted and half-dead. Perhaps it's the stingy tree pits they're given.

According to Dirr, this species suffers in the hot summers of southeastern US. It does better there with protection from afternoon sun. It rarely prospers south of Z7.

There are many cultivars. This is the most commonly planted. To my eye, they're all much alike.

Neutral Joan On Oct 25, 2009, Joan from Belfield, ND (Zone 4a) wrote:

Editor's Note

Plant Patent number 2086 has expired
Neutral smiln32 On Aug 28, 2002, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

This tree is great for providing shade. It can reach 30 ft tall. In colder regions, leaves turn yellow in autumn. It does not do well in tightly compacted soils, such as clay. The blooms are fragrant and appear in summer. It is a fast growing tree.

Positive countrybambam On Jun 8, 2002, countrybambam wrote:

Someone pulled up this tree and gave it to me about 5 yrs ago...

I put it in the ground and it is now about 20ft tall (so it grows fast) and this is the first year it has bloomed theese long shoots of weeping, highly scented flowers, which bees, and butterflies love...


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Fort Collins, Colorado
Lancaster, Ohio
Vancouver, Washington

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