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Snap Bean (String, Green or French Bean)
Phaseolus vulgaris 'Roma'

Family: Papilionaceae (pa-pil-ee-uh-NAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Phaseolus (FAZ-ee-oh-lus) (Info)
Species: vulgaris (vul-GAIR-iss) (Info)
Cultivar: Roma
Hybridized by Dr. John Morris (Rogers Brothers Seed)
» View all varieties of Beans





12-18 in. (30-45 cm)


3-6 in. (7-15 cm)

Seed Type:

Open Pollinated

Growth Habit:


Sun Exposure:

Full Sun


Unknown - Tell us

Days to Maturity:

51 to 60 days

Bloom Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:

From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:

Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds

Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Radford, Virginia

Gardeners' Notes:


On Dec 18, 2003, Farmerdill from Augusta, GA (Zone 8a) wrote:

Haven't had many problems with bean diseases so Roma has performed all right for me. It does not match the flavor, size, or productivity of the pole Romano and my needs for Italian type snap beans is limited. I'll stay with the Romano


On Dec 16, 2002, BeanBreeder wrote:

'Roma' was developed by Dr. John Morris of Rogers Brothers Seed Company in Twin Falls, Idaho. 'Roma' was the first bush Romano type ever developed, and was thus the first to be suitable for mechanical harvest. This revolutionized the consumption of Romano beans in North America. Pole Romano's have been consumed for many (hundreds?) years, especially in Italy; hence the name "Italian" beans for this market class. Spain is now the leading producer of Romano types, having gone almost exclusively to these types from almost exclusively round podded varieties. 'Roma' has no resistance to Bean Common Mosaic Virus (BCMV) strains. The variety 'Roma II' was selected as a BCMV (NY15) resistant line from 'Roma'. It is obvious that 'Roma' was heterogeneous for this resistance, and current seed stocks p... read more