Cow Pea, Cowpea, Southern Pea 'Pinkeye Purple Hull'

Vigna unguiculata

Family: Papilionaceae (pa-pil-ee-uh-NAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Vigna (VIG-nuh) (Info)
Species: unguiculata (un-gwee-kew-LAH-tuh) (Info)
Cultivar: Pinkeye Purple Hull
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18-24 in. (45-60 cm)


3-6 in. (7-15 cm)

Seed Type:

Open Pollinated

Growth Habit:


Sun Exposure:

Full Sun



Days to Maturity:

51 to 60 days

Bloom Color:

Gold (Yellow-Orange)

Soil pH requirements:

Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:

From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:

Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds

Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored

Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Unknown - Tell us

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Auburn, Alabama

Fairhope, Alabama

Madison, Alabama

Lutz, Florida

Zephyrhills, Florida

Augusta, Georgia

Canton, Georgia

Kankakee, Illinois

Pembroke Twp, Illinois

Scottsville, Kentucky

Heflin, Louisiana

Laurel, Mississippi

Efland, North Carolina

Hillsborough, North Carolina

Lafayette, Tennessee

Fort Worth, Texas

Radford, Virginia

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Gardeners' Notes:


On Aug 8, 2004, oldjenx from Scottsville, KY wrote:

Will cross redily with other cow peas. My wife says the cross tastes better.


On May 19, 2004, Horseshoe from Efland, NC (Zone 7a) wrote:

Wonderful to grow! (And EAT!) I can't imagine having a garden and not growing purple hulls.

As you can see by one of the pictures above they easily find a place nestled in with other garden crops (in this case tomatoes to their left and peppers to their right)!
They are considered "climbers" by some folks but as you can see they sprawl rather nicely, eh?

Very pretty plant, not bothered by many insects, abundant harvest and delicious! Can be stored as a dry bean or easily processed (canned or frozen)!


On Dec 10, 2003, Farmerdill from Augusta, GA (Zone 8a) wrote:

The version of this cowpea that I grow is not a rampant climber. I use it as a bush pea although it will run a couple of feet on occasion. Vines are larger than most of the Blackeyes but peas are very similar except that the eyes are pink instead of black. Hulls turn purple at the green shell stages making them easy to pick. Down side if you donn't have a mechanical sheller is that the purple color comes off on your hands when shelling.