Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Cow Pea, Cowpea, Southern Pea
Vigna unguiculata 'Purple Hulled Crowder'

Family: Papilionaceae (pa-pil-ee-uh-NAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Vigna (VIG-nuh) (Info)
Species: unguiculata (un-gwee-kew-LAH-tuh) (Info)
Cultivar: Purple Hulled Crowder

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2 members have or want this plant for trade.


24-36 in. (60-90 cm)
36-48 in. (90-120 cm)

9-12 in. (22-30 cm)

Seed Type:
Open Pollinated

Growth Habit:

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun


Days to Maturity:
71 to 80 days
81 to 90 days

Bloom Color:
White/Near White

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Propagation Methods:
From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:
Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds
Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored

Click thumbnail
to view:

By melody
Thumbnail #1 of Vigna unguiculata by melody

By melody
Thumbnail #2 of Vigna unguiculata by melody

By melody
Thumbnail #3 of Vigna unguiculata by melody


2 positives
No neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive lssfishhunter On Jan 30, 2009, lssfishhunter from Jonesville, SC (Zone 7b) wrote:

They taste good, can take the summer heat, and produce well. Seeds are easy to find here but I sometimes save my own. I always grow them in my garden.

Positive melody On Jul 12, 2008, melody from Benton, KY (Zone 7a) wrote:

These peas grow well in hot, humid conditions. They grow in my garden with no support, but the runners will fill the rows, making for one large pea patch.

Aphids are probably the worst insect pest, but in my area, the peas just keep growing, and I don't treat them to remove what few show up.

They can be used as young snaps at about 65-70 days. The peas can be shelled and used fresh a week or so later. If you want to harvest for dry peas, that will take about 100 days.

Productive and nutritious, Purple Hulls are a staple of every Southern dinner table.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Benton, Kentucky
Jonesville, South Carolina

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