Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Ginseng
Panax quinquefolius

Family: Araliaceae
Genus: Panax (PAN-aks) (Info)
Species: quinquefolius (kwin-kway-FOH-lee-us) (Info)

Synonym:Aralia quinquefolia
Synonym:Panax americanus

One vendor has this plant for sale.

24 members have or want this plant for trade.


12-18 in. (30-45 cm)

6-9 in. (15-22 cm)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Shade

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:
Pale Green

Bloom Time:
Late Spring/Early Summer


Other details:
Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings
This plant may be considered a protected species; check before digging or gathering seeds

Soil pH requirements:
5.1 to 5.5 (strongly acidic)
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

Seed Collecting:
Seed does not store well; sow as soon as possible

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2 positives
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive Ted_B On Oct 16, 2014, Ted_B from Birmingham, AL (Zone 8a) wrote:

Succeeds even on a south-facing slope in a warm climate in a fertile, mulched, loamy soil so long as adequate soil moisture is carefully maintained, and exposure to direct sunlight is minimized.

Positive dianne99 On Jun 28, 2010, dianne99 from Brookville, KS (Zone 5b) wrote:

endangered in the wild. see for growing info and source--it will grow in your yard and is valuable!

Neutral enya_34 On Aug 29, 2006, enya_34 from Madison, WI wrote:

Must have been seeded by birds. Has attractive red berries toward the end of summer.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Birmingham, Alabama
Sandoval, Illinois
Ashland, Kentucky
Lewisburg, Kentucky
Lexington, Kentucky
Morehead, Kentucky
Talbert, Kentucky
Lonaconing, Maryland
Bridgewater, Massachusetts
Saint Louis, Missouri
Plainfield, New Jersey
Glouster, Ohio
Chapmansboro, Tennessee
Crossville, Tennessee
Mc Minnville, Tennessee
Morrison, Tennessee
Newport, Tennessee
Viola, Tennessee
Leesburg, Virginia
Madison, Wisconsin

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