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PlantFiles: Angelica
Angelica archangelica

Family: Apiaceae (ay-pee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Angelica (an-JEL-ee-kuh) (Info)
Species: archangelica (ark-an-JEL-ih-kuh) (Info)

Synonym:Angelica officinalis

5 vendors have this plant for sale.

30 members have or want this plant for trade.


6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)

18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:
Sun to Partial Shade

Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction

Bloom Color:
Chartreuse (Yellow-Green)

Bloom Time:
Late Spring/Early Summer

Grown for foliage

Other details:
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
Flowers are fragrant
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall
From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse
From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

Seed Collecting:
Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds
Seed does not store well; sow as soon as possible

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3 positives
4 neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive greshamdadjohn On May 8, 2012, greshamdadjohn from Gresham, OR wrote:

In western Oregon every gardener has at least one area which is constantly wet where nothing else will grow. I've grown it in relatively poor soil which is constantly wet as a specimen plant. Visitors are amazed by its structure and the frangrance of cut stems.

Neutral essier On Jul 9, 2007, essier from Germantown, TN wrote:

It needs LOTS of Water in 7a in containers, but it is a beautiful plant. Have it in white nd pink

Positive Joy On Jul 9, 2007, Joy from Kalama, WA (Zone 8b) wrote:

I grew this from seed and planted it in a container. As it grew I potted it on to larger containers. In a large container it only grew to about 2 to 3 foot tall and took five years before blooming.

Neutral Gabrielle On Jan 23, 2006, Gabrielle from (Zone 5a) wrote:

I have it growing in a fairly shady area that not much else will grow in, and it does fine. Seeds are slow to germinate.

Neutral PurplePansies On Jun 3, 2005, PurplePansies from Deal, NJ (Zone 7a) wrote:

For dried stored (not new fresh) seed stratification yields best results. With stratification sowing and germinating was easy for me. Plants produce attractive large palmate leaves. Mine is in its second year and has not yet bloomed .... although it may have not had enough time to grow its first year. Plant is used for medicinal and flavoring purposes. Flavor is green licoricey/celery-like.... with a sort of pungency and coolness.

Positive ebob On Apr 3, 2003, ebob wrote:

I love this plant. I lived in Wisconsin for a brief period of time. During that time, I lived near a wooded area where I would forage for wild edible plants. Angelica was one of the best plants that I could find there. It has a wonderful flavor - like a cross between celery and licorice. I would harvest the plant by removing just one or two stems- not the whole plant - so that the organism could keep on living and reproduce. I highly recomment this plant. It is also called wild celery. CAUTION - - - Be very careful if you want to eat this plant. Be Positive of it's identification. It bears a close resemblance to poison Hemlock, and it shares the same habitat. I have found the two within 100 yards of each other. Poison Hemlock will kill you if you eat it, so be careful!

Neutral poppysue On May 29, 2001, poppysue from Westbrook, ME (Zone 5a) wrote:

This tall upright herb is native to Northern Europe. It reaches up to 6 feet or more when in bloom. Flowers are showy round umbels of chartreuse flowers that can be 10 inches in diameter. Plants prefer a rich, moist soil in partial shade but will tolerate drier conditions. Leaves are celery-like and divided into three diamond shaped leaflets. Plants are strongly aromatic and used to flavor wines and perfumes. Candied stems were a popular confection of the French. Angelica is a biennial but if spent flowers are re-moved before seed is set the plants will continue to return after winter. If seeds are allowed to mature self sown seedlings will appear the following spring and can be re-located to other areas of the garden.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Dumont, Iowa
Beverly, Massachusetts
Mashpee, Massachusetts
East Tawas, Michigan
Traverse City, Michigan
Plainfield, New Jersey
Hulbert, Oklahoma
Gresham, Oregon
Portland, Oregon
Mercer, Pennsylvania
North Scituate, Rhode Island
Germantown, Tennessee
Rosharon, Texas
Layton, Utah
Kalama, Washington
Stanwood, Washington
Merrimac, Wisconsin

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