Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Shasta Daisy
Leucanthemum x superbum

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Family: Asteraceae (ass-ter-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Leucanthemum (lew-KANTH-ih-mum) (Info)
Species: x superbum (soo-PER-bum) (Info)

Synonym:Chrysanthemum x superbum
Synonym:Chrysanthemum maximum

3 vendors have this plant for sale.

59 members have or want this plant for trade.

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Category:
Perennials

Height:
24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

Spacing:
18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

Hardiness:
USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

Sun Exposure:
Sun to Partial Shade

Danger:
Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction

Bloom Color:
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Mid Summer
Late Summer/Early Fall
Mid Fall

Foliage:
Herbaceous
Blue-Green
Smooth-Textured

Other details:
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
Self-sows freely; deadhead if you do not want volunteer seedlings next season
This plant is resistant to deer

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:
Non-patented

Propagation Methods:
By dividing the rootball
From seed; sow indoors before last frost
From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:
Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

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There are a total of 30 photos.
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Profile:

18 positives
5 neutrals
2 negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

RatingAuthorContent
Neutral coriaceous On Sep 25, 2014, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

We maintain a large border with a lot of Shasta daisies. We find that the season of bloom is short unless we deadhead to encourage rebloom. Deadheading is also necessary to keep them looking tidy, and it's a lot of work for the amount we have.

We also find annual division is necessary to keep them from taking over altogether. They spread fairly aggressively and need to be kept in check---every year we remove about half. We do this in the spring, as they often don't survive division in late summer or early fall.

Not my favorite perennial, as there are many other perennials that are less work and offer more color/interest.

Positive irishmist On Jul 16, 2011, irishmist from Rochester, NY (Zone 6a) wrote:

Shasta daisies are among my favorite flowers for their beauty, dependability and ease of care. My large clusters are glorious right now. Though I have started 'Alaska' from seed and grew it for years, my favorite now is the newer variety 'Becky' which is taller, sturdier, with larger blossoms and has a much longer bloom period. It is also much more tolerant of summer storms which may flatten other older varieties. I've read that it's the best variety for warmer climates. Highly recommend this one!

Negative banzaibeagle On Sep 5, 2010, banzaibeagle from Lincoln City, OR wrote:

Shasta daisies came in a wildflower mix that I planted in my Oregon garden and they absolutely took over the entire back yard in 3 years! Not so bad as it is a nice ground cover and really fill the back garden with nice white flowers, and they really light up the back yard at night. BUT... several of the neighbors (and my wife!) are complaining that they smell like stale cat urine or raw sewage! So out they come and I guess I'll have to find something else to put in there.

Anybody have suggestions?

Positive mbhoakct76 On Mar 21, 2008, mbhoakct76 from Winsted, CT wrote:

a good ole daisy. I actually purchased mine cheaply at the end of season and never expected them to bloom, the 1 man garden center i purchased them from even said they had already bloomed so dont expect another but wait untill next year. so I planted in hopes for next year and was surprised to see a bloom in late fall right up till first snow. Its been 2 years now , and as long as they are cut down right after first bloom in summer- i get another bloom in late fall right around the time of mums. its nice to see those last few flowers as they are being covered by snow. I also started some from seed- and they are growing almost carefree.
I dont see this daisy as being invasive as i have found others to be. That could be our cold winters in CT keep it in check!

Positive AuntieNancy On May 21, 2007, AuntieNancy from Minneapolis, MN wrote:

I bought 3 small plants last summer and shoved them in my "nursery garden" to see how they'd do before moving them into a permanent bed.

They bloomed in 2006 from start to late fall! They provided plenty of long lasting cut flowers for myself and neighbors who admired them.

This spring the Shastas had spread - a lot. I decided to divide them into much smaller clumps and place them in various beds throughout my yard. I am finding they look lovely planted with Black-Susan, coneflower, roses, anything blue, or just alone in their daisy bed.

If they happen to become invasive, they've had many neighborhood admirers who I'd be happy to share with.

I LOVE this plant!

Positive vossner On May 7, 2007, vossner from Richmond, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

Received as a gift from one of my favorite neighbors. I have the sneaky suspicion they are going to be enthusiastic growers, so they are planted in a place where I can afford to let them go rampant.

Positive kjsutgarden On Aug 12, 2006, kjsutgarden from Park City, UT wrote:

These flowers grow like crazy in my garden in Park City Utah. They don't get a lot of water but a lot of sunshine. They ended up grow too tall and the weight of them made them bend over and rest on the ground. WHAT can I do about them growing too tall? Also... now that they are slowly going to seed should I dead head them or cut them down to the stem?

Positive hydrangea80 On May 30, 2006, hydrangea80 from Council Bluffs, IA (Zone 4b) wrote:

I have transplated some of my shasta daisy plants numerous times - and they always do fine and get bigger each year! Pruning really helps the bloom time to last longer!

Positive Gabrielle On Jan 25, 2006, Gabrielle from (Zone 5a) wrote:

I love Shasta daisies to brighten a garden; they just bloom and bloom! When they seed elsewhere, I just leave them until I am ready to put something else there. I've read they are hardy in zones 3-11. Light aids germination of seeds.

Neutral flowercrazy39 On Aug 24, 2005, flowercrazy39 from Manchester, NH wrote:

I love the daisy itself. The plants flowers beautifully and they stay large and long lasting. The only problem is that the beetles absolutely LOVE this plant! They eat the daisies like crazy and it makes me mad.

Positive Gindee77 On May 22, 2005, Gindee77 from Hampton, IL (Zone 5a) wrote:

This is our second year with shasta daisies and they came back just fine from a rough winter. They make a nice companion plant to our roses and as long as they stay in bounds, we're happy with them.

Positive ladyannne On May 3, 2005, ladyannne from Merced, CA (Zone 9a) wrote:

Such a standard classic, it cheers up any area. I have lots to learn about this one. It took a long, long time for it to bloom again after deadheading, over two weeks!

Positive botanygirl On Nov 12, 2004, botanygirl from Pflugerville, TX wrote:

I live in Zone 8 and I love shastas. The flowers seem to glow at night. This is a really good plant to have if you don't like to water and it stays green all year round in this area. I don't ever water mine and they grow like crazy (I grew mine from seeds). They do spread very easily. The best thing about this plant besides that it is a beautiful cut flower is that it brings all kinds of beneficial bugs, ie. ladybugs, assassin bugs, lacewings, praying mantis, and spiders. I plan to plant new ones around my roses. The only negative thing about this plant is that once the flowers fade you have to deadhead them or your garden will look very untidy.

Neutral a5thbrat On Jul 25, 2004, a5thbrat from Sebastopol, CA wrote:

KDEPetrillo,

I would suggest that the offensive daisy that you have had such a difficult time eradicating is not "Shasta Daisy", but, rather "Oxeye Daisy" (one of the Shasta's 4 progenitors). It is difficult, unless one is a Botanist, to tell the difference, except, being a hybrid in whose parentage Luther Burbank (when he developed this flower) included the "Nipponese" or Japanese daisy, when held side-by-side, the true Shasta's petals will be far longer and far whiter than that of the common "Oxeye". In fact, the entire inflorescence would be a great deal larger and whiter, overall...

The Oxeye originated in Great Britain (where it is almost a noxious weed) and came to the U.S. in feed for livestock on ships, then became feral on the East Coast.

In the late 1800s-early 1900s Burbank took the Oxeye, and by crossing it with 2 other white daisies and then,finally, with the "Nipponese", made the "Alaska" Shasta (single-petalled, large inflorescence, tall -- approx. 3-3 1/2 ft.) plants. Later, he crossed that with a "matricaria-like" daisy which grows wild here in Northern Calif. to make a double/triple fringe-petalled variety called "Marconi" and a triple/quadruple petalled variety called "Esther Read". Now, there are, by some accounts, over 200 varieties (or more)...

But the true Shasta does not have the invasive characteristics of its great grandfather, the common Oxeye.

And, even if you started out by planting Shasta seeds, if those original plants were allowed to "go to seed", because it is a hybrid, the odds are that none of those seeds would grow "true to the form" of the mother plant. In fact, it would be the Oxeye lineage that would dominate -- since it is the hardiest and closest to the wild of all its parents.

I agree with you, though, the "Oxeye" IS a nuisance! ;o)

Positive pokerboy On Jul 2, 2004, pokerboy from Canberra
Australia (Zone 8b) wrote:

I absolutely love this plant!!! I love it's white blooms with yellow centres!!! What has inspired me to grow the plant was that a family friend grows them and they don't fertilise, look after or even water it!!! It is so tough. They recently gave me 4 large plants. They are settling in very well in their plastic pots. They are beautiful, easy care plants for almost everyone to try! pokerboy

Negative KDePetrillo On Jun 5, 2004, KDePetrillo from North Scituate, RI (Zone 6a) wrote:

I'm surprised to see so many "positives" on this plant: I found it to be invasive, and the foliage has a TERRIBLE smell. I had 3 or 4 plants and tore them all out.

Positive pickerelgirl On Jun 4, 2004, pickerelgirl from Charlotte, NC wrote:

i planted my shasta daisies last year after we moved into our new home. at first, i was concerned they would not grow but throughout the winter they became real thick. my father-in-law put some miracle-gro on them in the spring and they grew real fast by producing many blooms! they are so beautiful that i will thin them in the fall and place in other areas around the exterior of my home. what i love about them is that they are so easy to care for!

Neutral yayaqueen On May 19, 2004, yayaqueen from Harker Heights, TX wrote:

The Shasta daisy is a great addition to my border garden and it makes a nice cut flower...BUT...IT STINKS! Smells kind of like something dead actually. So I just let it grow outside and surround it with other fragrant flowers at its feet to cover the stench. It's happy in about half-day shade here in central Texas zone 8. I tried it from seed, but it takes 2 years to bloom and I was impatient, so I just bought a little start this year from my local nursery in February and planted it under my pear tree in the front yard along with about 40 other flowering plants. Color all summer. Just don't inhale around the Shasta!

Positive redneckhippie15 On May 12, 2004, redneckhippie15 from Amarillo, TX wrote:

I raised nine groups from seed last year. The anticipation is killin me but they look real good and healthy.Stand about two feet tall,but alas no blooms yet.
They have the "stems?" look like grass with little spiky leaves comin off the sides some one tell me if this is the pre cursor to..... Blooms??????
thx rnh

Positive JenniferG On Sep 3, 2003, JenniferG from Shalimar, FL (Zone 8a) wrote:

I grew this plant from seed several years ago. It lasted here several years before I replaced it with a full grown plant from Lowe's. It doesn't have the longevity in NW Florida as in other locations, but it's so charming I can't resist!

Positive suncatcheracres On Aug 31, 2003, suncatcheracres from Old Town, FL wrote:

I grew Shasta Daisy from seed in Atlanta, Georgia. The seed was easy to start, and the little dark green rosettes grew rather quickly for a perennial, and I was able to set them out in the ground by late that first Summer. They bloomed the next Summer and slowly spread over the years. I probably had them in too much shade, but we were in the middle of a four year long drought, and nothing much was surviving in full sun--I had sporadic bloom until the Fall. I grew several varieties--'Alaska' was over two feet tall, and 'Silver Princess?'--I think that is the name--was about a foot tall, but the flowers looked the same.

The Shasta Daisy was developed by the famous plant hybridizer Luther Burbank in his greenhouses North of San Francisco, California. You can tour what is left of his greenhouses and workshops, as they have been turned into a park--kind of a botanical tourist attraction. It is named, of course, after that most beautiful of snow capped mountains, Mount Shasta in Northern California.

Positive DavidPat5 On Aug 30, 2003, DavidPat5 from Chicago, IL wrote:

One of my favorite flowers, they make good cut flowers, lasting a week or so. I divide mine every year or so. Smaller clumps will produce fewer but larger blooms. Make sure to fertilize or the stems get leggy and the plants fall over and need staking. The original 8 plants I started from seeds 4 years ago have produced 22 plants from division.

Positive Crimson On Feb 2, 2003, Crimson from Clarksville, TN (Zone 6b) wrote:

Makes a interesting (4 ft) hedge when planted in a row against a fence. They totally hid the fence with all the flowers. I planted them every other with Purple Coneflower, a purple and white temporary hedge!

Positive gerddi On May 25, 2002, gerddi from Versailles, CT (Zone 7a) wrote:

I grew this plant from seed a few years ago; It was very easy to grow and I still have it growing in my garden and producing flowers from mid summer to the first frosts. The plants are now quite large and seem very undemanding and suffer no particular predation or disease.

Neutral jody On Nov 13, 2000, jody from MD &, VA (Zone 7b) wrote:

This plant is also known as Chrysanthemum maximum. Grows to two or three feet tall, has white flowers with yellow centers. There are many cultivars within this species, including single flowering, double flowering varieties, and several different heights. Best cultivated in full sun or part shade, well draining soil. Easy to care for, low maintenance plants, can propagate from seed, division, or cuttings.

Regional...

This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Cinisi,
Auburn, Alabama
Fort Payne, Alabama
Wetumpka, Alabama
Juneau, Alaska
Chino Valley, Arizona
Huntington, Arkansas
Belvedere Tiburon, California
Elk Grove, California
Merced, California
Palo Alto, California
Ridgecrest, California
Santa Rosa, California
Truckee, California
Vacaville, California
Arvada, Colorado
Parker, Colorado
Cos Cob, Connecticut
Panama City, Florida
Braselton, Georgia
Gainesville, Georgia
Hawkinsville, Georgia
Winterville, Georgia
Boise, Idaho
Hayden, Idaho
Chicago, Illinois
Divernon, Illinois
Forest Park, Illinois
Hampton, Illinois
Jacksonville, Illinois
Nilwood, Illinois
Peoria, Illinois
Washington, Illinois
Danville, Indiana
Evansville, Indiana (2 reports)
Fishers, Indiana
Westfield, Indiana
Davenport, Iowa
Olathe, Kansas
Ewing, Kentucky
Baton Rouge, Louisiana
Sulphur, Louisiana
Brookeville, Maryland
Cumberland, Maryland
Laurel, Maryland
Millersville, Maryland
Roslindale, Massachusetts
Yarmouth Port, Massachusetts
Cassopolis, Michigan
Grand Rapids, Michigan
Pinconning, Michigan
Stephenson, Michigan
Minneapolis, Minnesota
Saint Cloud, Minnesota
Saint Paul, Minnesota
Mathiston, Mississippi
Belton, Missouri
Kansas City, Missouri
Manchester, New Hampshire
Neptune, New Jersey
Ocean View, New Jersey
Plainfield, New Jersey
Hobbs, New Mexico
Croton On Hudson, New York
Rochester, New York
Roslyn, New York
Charlotte, North Carolina
Page, North Dakota
Columbia Station, Ohio
Duncan Falls, Ohio
Fairfield, Ohio
Glouster, Ohio
Hilliard, Ohio
Comanche, Oklahoma
Harrah, Oklahoma
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma (2 reports)
Baker City, Oregon
Klamath Falls, Oregon
Lincoln City, Oregon
Portland, Oregon
Springfield, Oregon
Allentown, Pennsylvania
Erie, Pennsylvania
Johnsonburg, Pennsylvania
Lansdowne, Pennsylvania
Waterford, Pennsylvania
Leesville, South Carolina
Pawleys Island, South Carolina
Memphis, Tennessee
Sweetwater, Tennessee
Abilene, Texas
Amarillo, Texas
Austin, Texas
Brenham, Texas
Dallas, Texas
Desoto, Texas
Fort Worth, Texas (2 reports)
Georgetown, Texas
Granbury, Texas
Lincoln, Texas
Lubbock, Texas
Missouri City, Texas
Richmond, Texas
Rusk, Texas
San Antonio, Texas
Farmington, Utah
Park City, Utah
Tremonton, Utah
Leesburg, Virginia
Roanoke, Virginia
Bellevue, Washington
Kalama, Washington
Seattle, Washington
Morgantown, West Virginia
Marinette, Wisconsin
Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Pewaukee, Wisconsin
Pulaski, Wisconsin
Wittenberg, Wisconsin
Cody, Wyoming



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